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Food NameGIFood ManufacturerProduct CategoryCountry of food productionAvail carb (Test portion)Test portion (g)GLReference:Subjects typeTimeSubjects NumberYear of test
Cake, NS, decreased GI variant, sugar-to-flour ratio: 0.80 (Bakery School, Herk-de-Stad, Belgium)20Bakery ProductsBelgium2554.46Vrolix, R. and R.P. Mensink, Variability of the glycemic response to single food products in healthy subjects. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 2010. 31(1): p. 5-11.Normal2h102010
Carrot cake, prepared with wheat flour and coconut flour37Bakery ProductsPhilippines50NS11Trinidad, T.P., et al., Glycaemic index of different coconut (Cocos nucifera)-flour products in normal and diabetic subjects. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 90(3): p. 551-556.Normal2h102002
Chocolate cake made from packet mix with chocolate frosting (Betty Crocker, General Mills Inc., Minneapolis, USA)38Bakery ProductsUSA5092.411Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Chocolate mudcake43Bakery ProductsAustralia50109.413Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92009
Christmas fruit cake53Bakery ProductsAustralia5090.616Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102009
Cupcake, strawberry-iced (Squiggles, Farmland, Grocery Holdings, Tooronga, Australia)73Bakery ProductsAustralia5074.222Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Plumcake, prepared with wheat flour and yogurt (Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)647Bakery ProductsItaly5010014Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102005
Pound cake 0% (Bimbo S.A de C.V, Mexico)38Bakery ProductsMexico50122.211Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122006
Raspberry Coffee cake, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)50Bakery ProductsCanada50113.615INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Sponge cake, filled with marmalade and yogurt cream (Yogo brioss, Ferrero, Italy)57Bakery ProductsItaly255017Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102014
Sponge cake with cocoa, milk cream-filled, coated with chocolate (Kinder Délice, Italy)658Bakery ProductsItaly50114.817Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Sponge cake with cocoa, milk cream-filled, coated with chocolate and coconut pieces (Kinder Délice Cocco, Kinder, Ferrero, Italy)56Bakery ProductsItaly256217Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Sponge cake, soft wheat flour, carrots (14%), almonds (7%) (Camille, Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)51Bakery ProductsItaly507015Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102007
Sponge cake, soft wheat flour, filled with chocolate cream (Kinder Pan e Cioc Cacao, Kinder, Ferrero, Italy)61Bakery ProductsItaly255618Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102014
Sponge cake, soft wheat flour, ground cereals (rice, barley, rye, oat, wheat) and cocoa, filled with barley malt cream (Kinder colazione più, Kinder, Ferrero, Italy)66Bakery ProductsItaly255720Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102014
Sponge cake, soft wheat flour, orange cream-filled, coated with chocolate (Fiesta, Ferrero, Italy)60Bakery ProductsItaly254818Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Sponge cake, soft wheat flour, with almond and chocolate pieces (Brioche Cereali e Cioccolato, Grancereale, Barilla, Italy)66Bakery ProductsItaly5010720Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Sponge cake, wheat flour, rolled barley and oat (2.5%), filled with apricot jam (Brioss Albicocca ecereali, Ferrero Italy)660Bakery ProductsItaly508018Cossu, M., et al., A nutritional evaluation of various typical Italian breakfast products: a comparison of macronutrient composition and glycaemic index values. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2018. 69(6): p. 676-681.Normal2h102012
Vanilla cake, made from packet mix with vanilla frosting (Betty Crocker, General Mills Inc., Minneapolis, USA)42Bakery ProductsUSA5096.813Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Cake, prepared with yoghurt, gluten-free (Plum cake, Dr Shaer AG/SPA, Italy)842Bakery ProductsItaly5010213Scazzina, F., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercial gluten-free foods. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(6): p. 1021-6.Normal2h102015
Cake, prepared with brown rice, corn, millet and buckwheat, gluten-free (Gallette Chicchi al vento, Grancereale, Barilla, Italy)67Bakery ProductsItaly506220Scazzina, F., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercial gluten-free foods. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(6): p. 1021-6.Normal2h102015
Croissant, all butter (Coles Supermarkets Pty Ltd, Australia)45Bakery ProductsAustralia50123.214Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Croissant67Bakery ProductsOman50NS20Ali, A., et al., Glycemic Index of Commonly Consumed Snack Foods in Oman. International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases, 2020. 10(2): p. 50-56.Normal2h122020
Apple Berry crumble, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)41Bakery ProductsCanada50242.612INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Bavarian (mousse filling on biscuit base), Chocolate honeycomb, light (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia)31Bakery ProductsAustralia50184.59International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h92006-2007
Danish Pastry, Apple & Peach, light (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia)50Bakery ProductsAustralia50114.415International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
Fruit mince pies, shortcrust pastry case filled with dried fruit 58Bakery ProductsAustralia5080.917Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112009
Pavlova, meringue base topped with whipped cream, fresh strawberries, banana and passionfruit pulp 49Bakery ProductsAustralia50193.315Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92010
Gingerbread1181Bakery ProductsFrance5068.224Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h152019
Gingerbread1188Bakery ProductsFrance5068.226Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h152019
Gingerbread1189Bakery ProductsFrance5068.227Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h132019
Apple Blueberry muffin (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia)49Bakery ProductsAustralia5011915International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h92006-2007
Apple, oat, sultana muffin54Bakery ProductsAustralia5092.616Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92000
Apricot, coconut and honey muffin60Bakery ProductsAustralia50102.418Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92000
Banana, oat and honey muffin65Bakery ProductsAustralia5098.320Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Blueberry muffin (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia)50Bakery ProductsAustralia5096.915International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
Blueberry (Wild) 10-Grain muffin, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)57Bakery ProductsCanada5089.717INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Chocolate butterscotch muffin53Bakery ProductsAustralia5089.216Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Chocolate chip muffin (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia)52Bakery ProductsAustralia509416International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h112006-2007
Cranberry & Orange Soy muffin, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)48Bakery ProductsCanada50120.714INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Cranberry Raisin muffin43Bakery ProductsAustralia50140.413Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Double chocolate muffin (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia)46Bakery ProductsAustralia508914International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
Raisin Bran Flax muffin, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)52Bakery ProductsCanada50106.116INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Raspberry Pomegranate muffin, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)58Bakery ProductsCanada50106.117INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Muffin, made with 14% soft wheat flour, 7% lentil flour, 5% resistant starch and 3% dextrins39Bakery ProductsSpain5013312Ferrer-Mairal, A., et al., In vitro and in vivo assessment of the glycemic index of bakery products: influence of the reformulation of ingredients. European Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 51(8): p. 947-54.Normal2h102009
Muffin made with oat flour54Bakery ProductsSingapore50146.816Soong, Y.Y., R.Y.C. Quek, and C.J. Henry, Glycemic potency of muffins made with wheat, rice, corn, oat and barley flours: a comparative study between in vivo and in vitro. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(8): p. 1281-5.Normal2h122015
Muffin made with barley flour55Bakery ProductsSingapore50139.717Soong, Y.Y., R.Y.C. Quek, and C.J. Henry, Glycemic potency of muffins made with wheat, rice, corn, oat and barley flours: a comparative study between in vivo and in vitro. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(8): p. 1281-5.Normal2h122015
Muffin made with corn flour74Bakery ProductsSingapore50136.922Soong, Y.Y., R.Y.C. Quek, and C.J. Henry, Glycemic potency of muffins made with wheat, rice, corn, oat and barley flours: a comparative study between in vivo and in vitro. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(8): p. 1281-5.Normal2h122015
Muffin made with wheat flour74Bakery ProductsSingapore50126.122Soong, Y.Y., R.Y.C. Quek, and C.J. Henry, Glycemic potency of muffins made with wheat, rice, corn, oat and barley flours: a comparative study between in vivo and in vitro. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(8): p. 1281-5.Normal2h122015
Muffin made with rice flour79Bakery ProductsSingapore50119.424Soong, Y.Y., R.Y.C. Quek, and C.J. Henry, Glycemic potency of muffins made with wheat, rice, corn, oat and barley flours: a comparative study between in vivo and in vitro. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(8): p. 1281-5.Normal2h122015
Pancakes, prepared with wheat flour and coconut flour46Bakery ProductsPhilippines50NS14Trinidad, T.P., et al., Glycaemic index of different coconut (Cocos nucifera)-flour products in normal and diabetic subjects. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 90(3): p. 551-556.Normal2h102002
Pancakes, prepared from wheat flour and water (Coles Smart Buy Plain Flour, Coles Supermarkets Pty Ltd) (78.9 g flour + 108.8 mL water)61Bakery ProductsAustralia5078.918Dona, A.C., et al., (1)H NMR spectroscopy for the in vitro understanding of the glycaemic index. British Journal of Nutrition, 2013. 109(11): p. 1934-9.Normal2h102009
Pancakes, prepared from shake mix (Green's General Foods, Glendenning, Australia)67Bakery ProductsAustralia5069.720Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Pancakes, millet (100% foxtail millet flour)76Bakery ProductsChina5012123Ren, X., et al., In vitro starch digestibility and in vivo glycemic response of foxtail millet and its products. Food & Function, 2016. 7(1): p. 372-9.Normal2h102016
Pancakes, prepared from wheat flour80Bakery ProductsChina50NS24Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Pancakes, millet (75% foxtail millet flour, 25% extrusion flour (w/w, dry basis)83Bakery ProductsChina5014125Ren, X., et al., In vitro starch digestibility and in vivo glycemic response of foxtail millet and its products. Food & Function, 2016. 7(1): p. 372-9.Normal2h102016
Pancakes, buckwheat, gluten-free, made from packet mix (Orgran Natural Foods, Carrum Downs, Australia)102Bakery ProductsAustralia5069.431Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Pancakes, gluten-free, made from packet mix (Freedom Foods, Cheltenham, Australia) 61Bakery ProductsAustralia50187.318International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
Brownies, containing wheat flour and coconut flour43Bakery ProductsPhilippines50NS13Trinidad, T.P., et al., Glycaemic index of different coconut (Cocos nucifera)-flour products in normal and diabetic subjects. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 90(3): p. 551-556.Normal2h102002
Cinnamon bread, prepared with wheat flour and coconut flour45Bakery ProductsPhilippines50NS14Trinidad, T.P., et al., Glycaemic index of different coconut (Cocos nucifera)-flour products in normal and diabetic subjects. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 90(3): p. 551-556.Normal2h102002
Doughnut75Bakery ProductsOman50NS23Ali, A., et al., Glycemic Index of Commonly Consumed Snack Foods in Oman. International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases, 2020. 10(2): p. 50-56.Normal2h122020
Hot cross buns, spiced sweet bun with dried fruit (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, Australia)59Bakery ProductsAustralia5089.818Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Hot cross buns, spiced sweet bun with dried fruit66Bakery ProductsAustralia50112.820Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92012
Pan de sal (sweet bread roll), containing wheat flour and coconut flour62Bakery ProductsPhilippines50NS19Trinidad, T.P., et al., Glycaemic index of different coconut (Cocos nucifera)-flour products in normal and diabetic subjects. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 90(3): p. 551-556.Normal2h102002
Pastry, puff (Pampas™, Australia)56Bakery ProductsAustralia50127.217Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Pastry, puff, with wheat flour and sugar (Nastrine, Italy)647Bakery ProductsItaly5010214Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92005
Pikelets, Golden brand (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, Australia)85Bakery ProductsAustralia50144.526Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Pizza base, baked in oven at 220oC for 9 min (Boboli, Orograin Bakeries Manufacturing Inc, PA, USA)52Bakery ProductsUSA50104.216Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Scones, plain, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co, Australia)92Bakery ProductsAustralia50105.328Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Sweet bread, with chocolate chips (Pangoccioli, Italy)650Bakery ProductsItaly5081.415Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Tarte, made with wheat flour and apricot jam (Crostatina all'albicocca, Italy)644Bakery ProductsItaly5077.513Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92005
Beer (4.5% alcohol by volume) (Nikolai Lager, Sinebrychoff Ltd, Finland)119BeveragesFinland2551012Hatonen, K.A., et al., Modifying effects of alcohol on the postprandial glucose and insulin responses in healthy subjects. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2012. 96(1): p. 44-9.Normal2h102012
Beer (4.4% alcohol by volume), Pilsner Urquell® (Plze?ský Prazdroj, A.S., Czech Republic)1189BeveragesCzech Republic25554.39Sluik, D., et al., Contributors to dietary glycaemic index and glycaemic load in the Netherlands: the role of beer. British Journal of Nutrition, 2016. 115(7): p. 1218-25.Normal2h102016
Beer, non-alcoholic (0.0% alcohol by volume) (Nikolai Lager, Sinebrychoff Ltd, Finland)80BeveragesFinland256408Hatonen, K.A., et al., Modifying effects of alcohol on the postprandial glucose and insulin responses in healthy subjects. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2012. 96(1): p. 44-9.Normal2h102012
Coca Cola®, soft drink (Coca Cola Amatil, Sydney, Australia)53BeveragesAustralia50480.813Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Coca Cola®, soft drink73BeveragesItaly5047218Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92011
Cola, Pepsi®, sucrose-sweetened (Pepsi, Hartwall Ltd, Finland)72BeveragesFinland5045018Hatonen, K.A., et al., Coffee does not modify postprandial glycaemic and insulinaemic responses induced by carbohydrates. European Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 51(7): p. 801-6.Normal2h122011
Ginger beer, carbonated beverage (Bundaberg Brewed Drinks Pty Ltd, Australia)65BeveragesAustralia25231.516Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Lemon flavored soft drink, Lemonade, Schweppes® (Cadbury Schweppes, Sydney, Australia)54BeveragesAustralia50454.514Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Lemon flavored soft drink, Solo™, lemon squash (Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)58BeveragesAustralia25190.815Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Lemon flavored soft drink SpriteTM (The Coca-Cola Company, Australia)64BeveragesAustralia5049516Luke, D.R., et al., Phase 1 Study of the Pharmacology of BTI320 Before High-Glycemic Meals. Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development, 2019. 8(3): p. 395-403.Normal2h102011
Blackcurrant fruit syrup, Ribena™ reconstituted with 315.5 mL water (GlaxoSmithKline Group, Australia) 52BeveragesAustralia5063.113Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Fruit drink, decreased GI variant (containing 8% isomaltose)48BeveragesBelgium2530612Vrolix, R. and R.P. Mensink, Variability of the glycemic response to single food products in healthy subjects. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 2010. 31(1): p. 5-11.Normal2h102010
Fruit drink, increased GI variant (containing 8% sucrose)86BeveragesBelgium2530622Vrolix, R. and R.P. Mensink, Variability of the glycemic response to single food products in healthy subjects. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 2010. 31(1): p. 5-11.Normal2h102010
Fruit flavored beverage67BeveragesAustralia5076917Wright, A.G., T.P. Ellis, and L.L. Ilag, Filtered molasses concentrate from sugar cane: natural functional ingredient effective in lowering the glycaemic index and insulin response of high carbohydrate foods. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 2014. 69(4): p. 310-6.Normal2h102014
Fruit flavored beverage with 0.22 g Filtered Molasses Concentrate added per 100 mL (3.6 g FMC/100 g carbohydrate)58BeveragesAustralia5082015Wright, A.G., T.P. Ellis, and L.L. Ilag, Filtered molasses concentrate from sugar cane: natural functional ingredient effective in lowering the glycaemic index and insulin response of high carbohydrate foods. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 2014. 69(4): p. 310-6.Normal2h102014
Ice Green Tea, ready-to-drink brewed green tea (Pokka Corporation (S) Private Ltd, Singapore)50BeveragesSingapore50833.313Sun, L., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load of selected popular foods consumed in Southeast Asia. British Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 113(5): p. 843-8.Normal2h132015
Iced Green Tea, 7% lemon juice (Estathè verde, Ferrero, Italy)66BeveragesItaly5057517Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92011
Ice Lemon Tea, ready-to-drink black tea with lemon flavor (F&N Foods Private Ltd, Singapore)74BeveragesSingapore5050019Sun, L., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load of selected popular foods consumed in Southeast Asia. British Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 113(5): p. 843-8.Normal2h142015
Iced lemon tea, decaffeinated, lemon juice powder 0.2% (7% fructose) (Estathè deteinato limone, Ferrero, Italy)38BeveragesItaly5057510Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92011
Iced lemon tea, lemon juice powder 0.2%, (Estathè limone, Ferrero, Italy)72BeveragesItaly5044218Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92011
Iced peach tea, 9.5% peach juice (Estathè pesca, Ferrero, Italy)71BeveragesItaly5045518Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92011
Orange Delight Cocktail with pulp, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)44BeveragesCanada50781.311INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Tropical blend fruit drink, V8 Splash® (Campbell's Soup Company, USA) 47BeveragesUSA50455.412Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Choc Banana flavored drink, Aussie Bodies Start the Day UHT (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, Australia)24BeveragesAustralia50847.56International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
Chocolate flavored drink, Aussie Bodies Start the Day UHT (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, Australia)26BeveragesAustralia50847.57International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h112006-2007
Hot Chocolate mix made with hot water, Complete (Nestlé, Australia)51BeveragesAustralia5069.413Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Chocolate Liquid Breakfast, Devondale Fast Start (Murray Goulburn Co-Operative Company Limited, Australia)39BeveragesAustralia50468.710Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92012
Coffee Liquid Breakfast, Devondale Fast Start (Murray Goulburn Co-Operative Company Limited, Australia)39BeveragesAustralia50449.210Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92012
Kellogg’s® Coco Pops Chocolatey Liquid Breakfast (Kellogg’s Australia)35BeveragesAustralia50519.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Kellogg‘s® Nutri-Grain Breakfast Fuel (Kellogg’s Australia)38BeveragesAustralia50514.610Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Milo™ (Nestlé, Australia) dissolved in water 55BeveragesAustralia507314Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Milo™ (Nestlé, Auckland, New Zealand) dissolved in water52BeveragesNew Zealand5069.413Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Milk powder, Jerseyjoy Active Life (Australia Jersey Dairy Group Pty Ltd), prepared with water32BeveragesAustralia5096.28Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Nesquik™, chocolate (Nestlé, Australia), prepared with water53BeveragesAustralia50NS13Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h91998
Nesquik™, strawberry (Nestlé, Australia), prepared with water64BeveragesAustralia50NS16Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h91998
Ovaltine®, chocolate (Twinings & Co, Australia), prepared with water50BeveragesAustralia2537.613Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Formulated Milk powder for Middle-Aged Adults, Probilove (Australia Jersey Dairy Group Pty Ltd), prepared with water32BeveragesAustralia50100.58Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Vanilla drink with fiber, Build-Up™ nutrient-fortified drink (Nestlé, Australia)41BeveragesAustralia5092.110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Vanilla Liquid Breakfast, Devondale Fast Start (Murray Goulburn Co-Operative Company Limited, Australia)49BeveragesAustralia50456.812Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Yakult (Yakult Italia)51BeveragesItaly2517013Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102011
Yakult, fermented milk drink (Yakult company, Taipei, Taiwan)58BeveragesTaiwan50NS15Lin, M.H.A., M.C. Wu, and J. Lin, Variable classifications of glycemic index determined by glucose meters. Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition, 2010. 47(1): p. 45-52.Normal2h102010
Yakult® Light, fermented milk drink with Lactobacillus casei (Yakult, Dandenong, Australia)36BeveragesAustralia50384.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Rice milk drink, low-fat, Australia's Own Natural™ (So Natural Foods, Taren Point, Australia)92BeveragesAustralia50390.623Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Rice milk, low-fat, calcium enriched, Vitasoy® (National Foods Ltd, Australia)79BeveragesAustralia50531.920Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Smoothie, apple, pear, banana (Frullato mela, pera e banana Storie di frutta, Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)68BeveragesItaly5033617Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92011
Smoothie, banana30BeveragesAustralia50505.18Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Smoothie, Banana & Honey, Devondale brand (Murray Goulburn Co-Operative Company Limited, Australia)28BeveragesAustralia50517.57Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Smoothie, banana and strawberry, V8 Splash® (Campbell's Soup Company, Camden, USA)44BeveragesUSA5047311Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Smoothie, mango32BeveragesAustralia50476.28Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Smoothie, mango and passionfruit (Innocent Ltd., UK)36BeveragesUK25235.89Saltaouras, G., et al., Glycaemic index, glycaemic load and dietary fibre characteristics of two commercially available fruit smoothies. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2019. 70(1): p. 116-123.Normal2h102019
Smoothie, raspberry (Con Agra Inc, Omaha, USA)33BeveragesUSA25177.38Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Smoothie, strawberry and banana (Innocent Ltd., UK)39BeveragesUK25213.710Saltaouras, G., et al., Glycaemic index, glycaemic load and dietary fibre characteristics of two commercially available fruit smoothies. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2019. 70(1): p. 116-123.Normal2h102019
Smoothie, Tropical, Devondale brand (Murray Goulburn Co-Operative Company Limited, Australia)31BeveragesAustralia50588.18Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Cocoa malt flavor, Up & Go™, soy milk, rice cereal liquid breakfast (Sanitarium Health Foods, Australia)43BeveragesAustralia25NS11Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Chocolate Daydream™ shake, fructose (Revival Soy®, Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc, USA) (47.1 g powder + 305 mL water)33BeveragesUSA2547.18Blair, R.M., E.C. Henley, and A. Tabor, Soy foods have low glycemic and insulin response indices in normal weight subjects. Nutrition Journal, 2006. 5: p. 35.Normal2h102004
Chocolate flavored soy milk drink, So Good Bliss (Sanitarium Health Foods, Australia)46BeveragesAustralia50595.212Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Chocolate, Xpress, soy bean, cereal and legume extract drink with fructose (So Natural Foods, Australia)39BeveragesAustralia25438.610Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Original malt flavor, Up & Go™, soy milk, rice cereal liquid breakfast (Sanitarium Health Foods, Australia) 46BeveragesAustralia25NS12Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Smoothie drink, soy, banana, 1% fat (So Natural Foods, Australia)30BeveragesAustralia25342.58Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Smoothie drink, soy, chocolate hazelnut, 1% fat (So Natural Foods, Australia)34BeveragesAustralia25294.19Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Soy Beverage, Chocolate flavored, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)40BeveragesCanada50446.410INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Soy Beverage, Original flavored, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)15BeveragesCanada25694.44INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Soy Beverage, Vanilla flavored, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)28BeveragesCanada50781.37INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Sport beverage based on whey protein powder with carbohydrate (CHO:PRO=4:1), orange flavor (Endurox R4, Pacific Health Laboratories, Parsippany, NJ, USA)67BeveragesUSA50NS17Qin, L., et al., Effects of Three Commercially Available Sports Drinks on Substrate Metabolism and Subsequent Endurance Performance in a Postprandial State. Nutrients, 2017. 9(4).Normal2h102017
Sustagen® Sport Chocolate (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water36BeveragesAustralia5076.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Sustagen® Sport Vanilla (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water37BeveragesAustralia5075.59Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92019
Thorpedo® Advanced Hydration for Kids, all flavors (Thorpedo Foods, Australia)11BeveragesAustralia50357.13International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
Thorpedo® Ultra Low GI Energy Water, all flavors (Thorpedo Foods, Australia)16BeveragesAustralia25843.34Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Ancient Grains Quinoa milk drink with Chia (Freedom Foods, Australia)42BeveragesAustralia50561.111Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Coconut milk beverage, containing organic coconut milk and organic brown rice (Pure Harvest Coco Quench, Australia)68BeveragesAustralia5064117Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102020
Coconut Water, water of green coconut, Nudie™55BeveragesAustralia2550014Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92012
Goat Milk Drink, Symbiotics Low GI (NIG Nutritionals Pty Ltd, New Zealand), powder prepared with water25BeveragesNew Zealand5087.76Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Oat milk, calcium enriched, Vitasoy® (National Foods Ltd, Australia)69BeveragesAustralia50571.417Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92009
English Muffin™ bread (Natural Ovens, USA)77BreadsUSA50141.612Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
English Muffin, Whole Grain Multigrain, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)45BreadsCanada50142.57INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Fruit and Spice Bread, Vogel’s (Goodman Fielder, New Zealand)1357BreadsNew Zealand50NS9Godley, R., et al., Moderate alcohol consumption the night before glycaemic index testing has no effect on glycaemic response. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(5): p. 692-4.Normal2h202009
Fruit and Spice Bread, Vogel's (Goodman Fielder, Auckland, New Zealand), tested after a high-CHO evening meal1368BreadsNew Zealand50NS10Ning, B., et al., The effect of the fat and carbohydrate contents in the evening meal preceding GI testing on GI. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 64(2): p. 224-6.Normal2h202010
Fruit and Spice Bread, Vogel's (Goodman Fielder, Auckland, New Zealand), tested after a high-fat evening meal1359BreadsNew Zealand50NS9Ning, B., et al., The effect of the fat and carbohydrate contents in the evening meal preceding GI testing on GI. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 64(2): p. 224-6.Normal2h202010
Fruit loaf, Bürgen® (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, Australia)44BreadsAustralia50NS7Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h101997
Fruit and Muesli bread, Bürgen® (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)53BreadsAustralia50132.68International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
Fruit and cinnamon bread (Finest, UK)71BreadsUK5094.911Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Fruit and Spice Loaf, thick sliced (Buttercup bakeries, Moorebank, Australia)54BreadsAustralia5095.18Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Fruit loaf, sliced57BreadsUK5091.99Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Cinnamon, raisin, pecan bread, Happiness™ (Natural Ovens, Manitowoc, USA)63BreadsUSA50133.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Muesli bread, made from packet mix in bread making machine (Con Agra Inc., USA)54BreadsUSA50122.98Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Raisin Toast, TipTop™ (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)53BreadsAustralia5094.58Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Whole-wheat bread with dried fruit47BreadsChina50NS7Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Multigrain bread, gluten-free (Country Life Bakery, Dandenong, Australia)79BreadsAustralia50131.912Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
White bread, gluten free (Country Life Bakery, Australia)40BreadsAustralia50183.26Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
White bread, gluten free, sliced (COOP Italia-Soc. Coop a.r.l., Italy)861BreadsItaly501249Scazzina, F., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercial gluten-free foods. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(6): p. 1021-6.Normal2h102015
White roll bread, gluten free (Dr Schär AG/SPA, Italy)863BreadsItaly501129Scazzina, F., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercial gluten-free foods. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(6): p. 1021-6.Normal2h102015
White sourdough bread, gluten free, sliced (Dr Schär AG/SPA, Italy)852BreadsItaly501328Scazzina, F., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercial gluten-free foods. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(6): p. 1021-6.Normal2h102015
Burger Buns, 100% Whole wheat Gigantico, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)62BreadsCanada50127.49INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
HermanBurger Protein Bun (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia)31BreadsAustralia25219.35Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Hot Dog Rolls, 100% Whole wheat Gigantico, President's Choice® Blue Menu™(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)62BreadsCanada501259INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Mixed Grain bread roll, Bürgen™(Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, Australia)52BreadsAustralia50165.68Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h142008
Soft bread rolls, Pagnottelle classic, soft wheat flour, sugar (5.4%) (Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)62BreadsItaly50989Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92009
Soft bread rolls, Sfilatini al grano tenero (Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)65BreadsItaly509910F Brighenti, unpublished observations.Normal2h92009
Classic Seed Loaf, Helga's™ (Quality Bakers, Sydney, Australia)68BreadsAustralia50120.410Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Hearty 7 Grain bread, Healthy Choice™ (Con Agra Inc., USA)55BreadsUSA50130.98Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Hearty 100% Whole Grain bread, Healthy Choice™ (Con Agra Inc., USA)62BreadsUSA50140.89Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Kibbled Konini bread (Country Fare, New Zealand)68BreadsNew Zealand50NS10Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h142000
Kibbled wheat bread, Lawson’s Settlers Grain (Goodman Fielder, Australia)65BreadsAustralia50121.110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92008
Linola seed bread90BreadsChina50116.814Lok, K.Y., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of a selection of popular foods consumed in Hong Kong. British Journal of Nutrition, 2010. 103(4): p. 556-60.Normal2h102010
Mixed Grain bread, Bürgen™ (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, Australia)34BreadsAustralia50NS5Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10 - 121997
Mixed Grain, Bürgen™ (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, Australia)52BreadsAustralia50NS8B Spratt (George Weston Foods, Australia), unpublished observation.Normal2h122007
Mixed grain sandwich bread, Molenberg™ (Goodman Fielder, Auckland, New Zealand)75BreadsNew Zealand50NS11Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h152000
Multigrain batch bread62BreadsUK50104.89Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Multigrain bread (High 5 Silver Bird Group Berhad, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia)56BreadsMalaysia2557.98Yusof, B.N.M., et al., Glycaemic index of four commercially available breads in Malaysia. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60(6): p. 487-96.Normal2h112009
Multi-Grain bread, 9-Grain (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)43BreadsAustralia50NS6Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10 - 121997
Multigrain loaf, containing wheat flour and coconut flour60BreadsPhilippines50NS9Trinidad, T.P., et al., Glycaemic index of different coconut (Cocos nucifera)-flour products in normal and diabetic subjects. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 90(3): p. 551-556.Normal2h102002
Multiseed bread54BreadsUK50119.68Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Oatbran & Honey bread, Bürgen™ (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)49BreadsAustralia50149.77Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Organic Heavy Wholegrain bread, Golden Hearth™ (Gold Coast Bakeries, QLD, Australia) 53BreadsAustralia50120.88Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
Pumpkin Seed bread, containing 6% pumpkin seeds, Bürgen™ (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)49BreadsAustralia50184.57B Spratt (George Weston Foods, Australia), unpublished observation.Normal2h102007
Seeded bread49BreadsUK50130.97Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Soy-Lin, kibbled soy (8%) and linseed (8%) loaf, Bürgen™ (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)36BreadsAustralia50NS5Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10-121997
Soy & Linseed bread (made from packet mix cooked in bread maker) (Con Agra Inc., USA)50BreadsUSA501658Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Soy & Linseed bread (Coles Supermarkets Pty Ltd, Australia)56BreadsAustralia50130.58Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Sprouted wheat bread, Sprouted 3 Grains bread (Stonemill Bread, Toronto, Canada)55BreadsCanada50150.68INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Whole grain bread, Hunger Filler™ (Natural Ovens, USA)59BreadsUSA50154.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Whole grain bread, Nutty Natural™ (Natural Ovens, USA)59BreadsUSA50154.89Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Whole grain bread, Stay Trim™ (Natural Ovens, USA)70BreadsUSA50172.411Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Wholemeal Country Grain bread, Bakers Delight™ (Bakers Delight Holdings, Australia)53BreadsAustralia50126.68Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Wholemeal & Seeds bread, Bürgen™ (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)39BreadsAustralia50194.66B Spratt (George Weston Foods, Australia), unpublished observation.Normal2h102007
Lower Carb Bread (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia)24BreadsAustralia25337.84Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Lower Carb 5 Seeds Bread, Helga’s™ (Quality Bakers, Sydney, Australia)53BreadsAustralia50172.48Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Lower Carb Soy & Toasted Sesame Bread, Helga’s™ (Quality Bakers, Sydney, Australia)51BreadsAustralia501768Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Lower Carb Wholemeal & Seeds Bread, Helga’s™ (Quality Bakers, Sydney, Australia)51BreadsAustralia50173.68Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Bread, short oat (50% wholemeal wheat, 20% rye, 10% oatmeal, 20% white wheat, yeast (1.3% net flour weight), no rising time, 30 min proving time, 220°C baking temperature, 30 min bake1377BreadsNew Zealand5011112Fredensborg, M.H., et al., Rising methods and leavening agents used in the production of bread do not impact the glycaemic index. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 19(2): p. 188-94.Normal2h102010
Bread, wholemeal with oatmeal (High 5 Silver Bird Group Berhad, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia)67BreadsMalaysia2556.310Yusof, B.N.M., et al., Glycaemic index of four commercially available breads in Malaysia. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60(6): p. 487-96.Normal2h122009
Degraded oat bran concentrate bread (50% oat bran concentrate + 50% wheat, 5 h proving time)64BreadsNorway2596.410Rieder, A., et al., At a high dose even partially degraded beta-glucan with decreased solubility significantly reduced the glycaemic response to bread. Food & Function, 2019. 10(3): p. 1529-1539.Normal2h142019
Optimal oat bran concentrate bread (50% oat bran concentrate + 50% wheat, separate proving of wheat dough part)57BreadsNorway25979Rieder, A., et al., At a high dose even partially degraded beta-glucan with decreased solubility significantly reduced the glycaemic response to bread. Food & Function, 2019. 10(3): p. 1529-1539.Normal2h142019
Low oat bran concentrate bread (25% oat bran concentrate + 75% wheat, separate proving of wheat dough part)65BreadsNorway2568.610Rieder, A., et al., At a high dose even partially degraded beta-glucan with decreased solubility significantly reduced the glycaemic response to bread. Food & Function, 2019. 10(3): p. 1529-1539.Normal2h142019
Oatmeal batch bread62BreadsUK5099.89Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Soft pretzel, soy1139BreadsUSA5072.96Simmons, A.L., et al., A comparison of satiety, glycemic index, and insulinemic index of wheat-derived soft pretzels with or without soy. Food & Function, 2011. 2(11): p. 678-83.Normal2h122011
Soft pretzel, wheat1166BreadsUSA506210Simmons, A.L., et al., A comparison of satiety, glycemic index, and insulinemic index of wheat-derived soft pretzels with or without soy. Food & Function, 2011. 2(11): p. 678-83.Normal2h122011
Soft pretzel (Ditsch, Mainz, Germany)80BreadsGermany50100.212Goletzke, J., et al., Glycaemic and insulin index of four common German breads. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2016. 70(7): p. 808-11.Normal2h112014
Rice bread, high-amylose Doongara rice (Pav's Allergy Bakery, Australia)61BreadsAustralia50111.19Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h121996
Rice bread, low-amylose Calrose rice (Pav's Allergy Bakery, Ingleburn, Australia)72BreadsAustralia5014011Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h121996
Bread, long rye (50% wholemeal wheat, 30% rye, 20% white wheat, yeast (13% net flour weight), 20 min rising time, 30 min proving time, 220°C baking temperature, 30 min bake time1376BreadsNew Zealand5013111Fredensborg, M.H., et al., Rising methods and leavening agents used in the production of bread do not impact the glycaemic index. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 19(2): p. 188-94.Normal2h102010
Bread, short rye (50% wholemeal wheat, 30% rye, 20% white wheat, yeast (1.3% net flour weight), no rising time, 30 min proving time, 220°C baking temperature, 30 min bake time1382BreadsNew Zealand5011912Fredensborg, M.H., et al., Rising methods and leavening agents used in the production of bread do not impact the glycaemic index. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 19(2): p. 188-94.Normal2h102010
Rye, Bürgen™ (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)51BreadsAustralia50155.88Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Rye, Country Grain Organic (Country Life Bakery, Australia)53BreadsAustralia50NS8International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h122006-2007
Pumpernickel Rye bread (Van der Meulen BV, Netherlands)49BreadsNetherlands50135.97Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Rye Hi-Soy with Linseed (Country Life Bakery, Australia)55BreadsAustralia50NS8International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h132006-2007
Rye wheat sourdough bread (Paderborner, Lieken Urkorn, Dortmund, Germany)62BreadsGermany501199Goletzke, J., et al., Glycaemic and insulin index of four common German breads. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2016. 70(7): p. 808-11.Normal2h112014
Sourdough rye bread48BreadsAustralia50116.77Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
Sourdough bread, made with rye flour, wholemeal rye flour, spelt flour and intact barley kernels and white bean kernels1167BreadsSweden5014310Hefni, M.E., A. Thomsson, and C.M. Witthoft, Bread making with sourdough and intact cereal and legume grains - effect on glycaemic index and glycaemic load. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2020: p. 1-9.Normal2h122020
Sourdough bread, made with rye flour, wholemeal rye flour, spelt flour with intact barley kernels and mung bean kernels1165BreadsSweden5014610Hefni, M.E., A. Thomsson, and C.M. Witthoft, Bread making with sourdough and intact cereal and legume grains - effect on glycaemic index and glycaemic load. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2020: p. 1-9.Normal2h122020
Sprouted rye bread61BreadsAustralia50145.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Rye, made with 30% wholemeal wheat, 20% kibbled rye, 30% wheat flour, and baker’s yeast1360BreadsNew Zealand501549Fredensborg, M.H., et al., Rising methods and leavening agents used in the production of bread do not impact the glycaemic index. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 19(2): p. 188-94.Normal2h102010
Wholemeal rye bread with intact grains and sunflower seeds (Kraftkerni, Lieken Urkorn, Dortmund, Germany)55BreadsGermany50151.58Goletzke, J., et al., Glycaemic and insulin index of four common German breads. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2016. 70(7): p. 808-11.Normal2h122014
Sourdough Cob Bread (Fine Breads of Australia, NSW, Australia) 77BreadsAustralia50117.712Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Sourdough wheat bread54BreadsAustralia50107.18Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Sourdough bread (50% wholemeal wheat, 50% white wheat, sourdough starter (70% wet weight), 80 min rising time, 60 min proving time, 200°C baking temperature, 60 min baking time1382BreadsNew Zealand5011612Fredensborg, M.H., et al., Rising methods and leavening agents used in the production of bread do not impact the glycaemic index. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 19(2): p. 188-94.Normal2h102010
Sourdough bread + oats (50% wholemeal wheat, 50% white wheat, 10% rolled oats; sourdough starter (70% wet weight), 80 min rising time, 60 min proving time, 200°C baking temperature, 60 min baking time1371BreadsNew Zealand5011611Fredensborg, M.H., et al., Rising methods and leavening agents used in the production of bread do not impact the glycaemic index. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 19(2): p. 188-94.Normal2h102010
Sourdough Vienna bread, Bakers Delight™ (Bakers Delight Holdings, Australia)66BreadsAustralia5096.310Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Multigrain spelt bread® (Pav's bakery, Australia)54BreadsAustralia501228Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h121996
Sprouted Spelt bread62BreadsAustralia50124.19Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
White spelt wheat bread66BreadsBelgium509510Marques, C., et al., Comparison of glycemic index of spelt and wheat bread in human volunteers. Food Chemistry, 2007. 100(3): p. 1265-1271.Normal2h102005
Wholemeal spelt wheat bread (local bakery)63BreadsGermany50136.29Goletzke, J., et al., Glycaemic and insulin index of four common German breads. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2016. 70(7): p. 808-11.Normal2h122014
Wheat bread, sliced (Pan Bauletto Bianco)659BreadsItaly5093.79Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
White bread59BreadsUK50112.99Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
White bread (Giant Eagle King Size Enriched bread, Pittsburgh, PA, USA)1160BreadsUSA50629Simmons, A.L., et al., A comparison of satiety, glycemic index, and insulinemic index of wheat-derived soft pretzels with or without soy. Food & Function, 2011. 2(11): p. 678-83.Normal2h122011
White bread (Pepperidge Farm Original White Bread, USA) 1162BreadsUSA5096.39Matthan, N.R., et al., Estimating the reliability of glycemic index values and potential sources of methodological and biological variability. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2016. 104(4): p. 1004-1013.Normal2h632016
White bread1163BreadsFrance5063.89Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h132019
White bread1165BreadsFrance5063.810Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h152019
White bread66BreadsCanada5010910Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hCaucasian2009
White bread68BreadsCanada5010910Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hlean2009
White bread69BreadsCanada5010910Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2h372009
White bread, WonderWhite™ (Goodman Fielder Ltd, NSW, Australia)70BreadsAustralia5011911Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., Effects of added PGX R, a novel functional fibre, on the glycaemic index of starchy foods. British Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 108(2): p. 245-8.Normal2h102010
White bread, WonderWhite™ (Goodman Fielder Ltd, NSW, Australia), tested by subjects with a low AMY1 copy number70BreadsAustralia50119.911Atkinson, F.S., et al., The physiologic and phenotypic significance of variation in human amylase gene copy number. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2018. 108(4): p. 737-748.Normal2h192014
White bread, Sunblest™ (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)70BreadsAustralia50105.711Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
White bread1171BreadsTaiwan50121.711Lin, M.H.A., C.R. Shyr, and J. Lin, Bread containing type 3 resistant starch reduced glycemic index and glycemic response in healthy young adults. Current Topics in Nutraceutical Research, 2012. 10(3-4): p. 143-149.Normal2h102012
White bread71BreadsMultiple countries50NS11Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Determination of the glycaemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(3): p. 475-82.Normal2h472001
White bread (Somerfield Plc, Oxford, UK)71BreadsUK50NS11Henry, C.J.K., et al., The influence of adding fats of varying saturation on the glycaemic response of white bread. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2008. 59(1): p. 61-9.Normal2h152007
White bread (Original White Bread, Pepperidge Farm, Norwalk, CT, USA)71BreadsUSA509611Vega-Lopez, S., et al., Interindividual Variability and Intra-Individual Reproducibility of Glycemic Index Values for Commercial White Bread. Diabetes Care, 2007. 30(6): p. 1412-1417.Normal2h142006
Wheat bread, bite-sized, soft wheat flour (Bocconcini, Panem, Italy)71BreadsItaly508911Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102010
White bread72BreadsCanada5010911Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2h>40 y2009
White bread72BreadsCanada5010911Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2h?40 y2009
White bread74BreadsAustralia5012111Wright, A.G., T.P. Ellis, and L.L. Ilag, Filtered molasses concentrate from sugar cane: natural functional ingredient effective in lowering the glycaemic index and insulin response of high carbohydrate foods. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 2014. 69(4): p. 310-6.Normal2h102014
White bread75BreadsCanada5010911Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2h402009
White bread (Nishin Shokuhin, Japan)1675BreadsJapan5011611Sugiyama, M., et al., Glycemic index of single and mixed meal foods among common Japanese foods with white rice as a reference food. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(6): p. 743-752.Normal2h102003
White bread (Vodova veka Penam, Olomouc, Czech Republic)75BreadsCzech Republic508511Chlup, R., et al., Determination of the glycaemic index of selected foods (white bread and cereal bars) in healthy persons. Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacky, Olomouc, Czech Republic, 2004. 148(1): p. 17-25.Normal2h112003
White bread76BreadsCanada5010911Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hoverweight2009
White bread1176BreadsFrance5063.811Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h152019
White bread, containing 9% sourdough, baked for 30 min at 210°C1376BreadsSpain509511Gonzalez-Anton, C., et al., Glycemic responses, appetite ratings and gastrointestinal hormone responses of most common breads consumed in Spain. A randomized control trial in healthy humans. Nutrients, 2015. 7(6): p. 4033-53.Normal2h222013
White bread76BreadsMultiple countries50NS11Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Determination of the glycaemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(3): p. 475-82.Normal2h212001
Wheat bread, sliced (Harry's)76BreadsItaly5096.211Cossu, M., et al., A nutritional evaluation of various typical Italian breakfast products: a comparison of macronutrient composition and glycaemic index values. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2018. 69(6): p. 676-681.Normal2h2005-2015
White bread78BreadsCanada5010912Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hNon-Caucasian2009
White bread, WonderWhite™ (Goodman Fielder Ltd, NSW, Australia), tested by subjects with a high AMY1 copy number81BreadsAustralia50119.912Atkinson, F.S., et al., The physiologic and phenotypic significance of variation in human amylase gene copy number. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2018. 108(4): p. 737-748.Normal2h192014
White bread (Gardenia Bakeries (KL) Sdn Bhd Shah Alam, Selangor)83BreadsMalaysia2551.912Yusof, B.N.M., et al., Glycaemic index of four commercially available breads in Malaysia. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60(6): p. 487-96.Normal2h122009
White bread (Gardenia brand, NTUC Fairprice, Singapore)83BreadsSingapore5091.412Sun, L., K. Wei Jie Tan, and C. Jeyakumar Henry, Co-ingestion of essence of chicken to moderate glycaemic response of bread. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2015. 66(8): p. 931-5.Normal2h112015
Wheat bread84BreadsNorway255113Rieder, A., et al., At a high dose even partially degraded beta-glucan with decreased solubility significantly reduced the glycaemic response to bread. Food & Function, 2019. 10(3): p. 1529-1539.Normal2h142019
White bread (lab made)87BreadsChina5065.213China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h162020
White bread88BreadsChina50NS13Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Baguette, Whole Grain, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)73BreadsCanada5011911INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Bread, bakery made from an industrial mix for bread preparation (Pan Gustavo, Novaterra Zeelandia, Italy)72BreadsItaly2510011Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102014
Bread, bakery made from an industrial mix for bread preparation (Pan Semola, Novaterra Zeelandia, Italy)87BreadsItaly255113Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102014
Bread, sliced, soft wheat flour, low GI and high fiber (Pane a fette a basso indice glicemico e ad alto contenuto di fibre, Roberto Industria Alimentare, Italy)41BreadsItaly25656Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92011
Pan Bauletto 5 cereali e soia (Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)60BreadsItaly501159Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92009
Bread, sliced, durum wheat flour (Pan Bauletto al grano duro, Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)68BreadsItaly5010410Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92009
White bread, Alfacar1368BreadsSpain509410Gonzalez-Anton, C., et al., Glycemic responses, appetite ratings and gastrointestinal hormone responses of most common breads consumed in Spain. A randomized control trial in healthy humans. Nutrients, 2015. 7(6): p. 4033-53.Normal2h222013
White bread, candeal-flour1386BreadsSpain509413Gonzalez-Anton, C., et al., Glycemic responses, appetite ratings and gastrointestinal hormone responses of most common breads consumed in Spain. A randomized control trial in healthy humans. Nutrients, 2015. 7(6): p. 4033-53.Normal2h222013
White sandwich bread, low GI, high fiber, Bakers Delight™ Hi Fibre Lo GI (Bakers Delight Holdings, Australia)52BreadsAustralia5098.88Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
White sandwich bread, low GI, high fiber, Tip Top™ EnerGI (Tip Top Bakeries, George Weston Ltd, Australia)58BreadsAustralia50111.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations. International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h202007
White bread, low GI, high fiber, Tip Top™ EnerGI (Tip Top Bakeries, George Weston Ltd, Australia)54BreadsAustralia50111.68B Spratt (George Weston Foods, Australia), unpublished observation.Normal2h112007
White sandwich bread, low GI, high fiber, Vogel's Wonder White 'Low GI' (Quality Bakers, Australia)54BreadsAustralia50135.18International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
White sandwich bread, low GI, high fiber, Vogel's Wonder White 'Low GI' (Quality Bakers, Australia)59BreadsAustralia50135.19Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h202007
White sandwich bread, Low GI, high fiber, Low GI Wonder Active (Quality Bakers, Sydney, Australia)52BreadsAustralia50131.98Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
White bread, toasted (Hovis, UK)50BreadsUK50101.68Henry, C.J.K., et al., The impact of the addition of toppings/fillings on the glycaemic response to commonly consumed carbohydrate foods. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2006. 60(6): p. 763-769.Normal2h102005
Enriched white bread, Wonder™ (Interstate Brands Companies, Kansas City, USA)71BreadsUSA50111.111Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Enriched white bread, Wonder™ (Interstate Brands Companies, Kansas City, USA)72BreadsUSA50111.111Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Enriched white bread, Wonder™ (Interstate Brands Companies, Kansas City, USA)77BreadsUSA5010812Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Bread, sliced, soft wheat flour, olive oil (2.5%) (Pane Bianco, Roberto Industria Alimentare, Italy)63BreadsItaly25559Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102011
Bread, sliced, soft wheat flour, extra virgin olive oil (Pane Bianco all'olio d'oliva, Coop, Italy)73BreadsItaly255011Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102011
White bread (100% wheat flour) + 2% pectin (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)86BreadsAustralia50NS13Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
White bread (100% wheat flour) + 5% fruit fiber (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)77BreadsAustralia50NS12Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
White bread (80% wheat flour + 20% chickpea flour) (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)80BreadsAustralia50NS12Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
White bread (90% wheat flour + 10% modified corn starch) (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)79BreadsAustralia50NS12Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
White bread (90% wheat flour + 10% tapioca starch) (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)78BreadsAustralia50NS12Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
White bread (95% wheat flour + 5% oat bran) (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)75BreadsAustralia50NS11Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
White bread, containing 2% guar gum (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)67BreadsAustralia50NS10Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
White bread, containing 2% vinegar and 2.5% sourdough (Noble Rise Crunchy Toast, Australia)80BreadsAustralia50NS12Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
Bread, fibre-enriched flour (Pan Bauletto Fior di Fibra, Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)53BreadsItaly501208Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
White bread, fiber-enriched, Fiber White™ (Nature's Fresh, Auckland, New Zealand)77BreadsNew Zealand50NS12Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h142000
White bread with 2.5 g Filtered Molasses Concentrate added per 100 g (6.04 g FMC/100 g carbohydrate)59BreadsAustralia501219Wright, A.G., T.P. Ellis, and L.L. Ilag, Filtered molasses concentrate from sugar cane: natural functional ingredient effective in lowering the glycaemic index and insulin response of high carbohydrate foods. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 2014. 69(4): p. 310-6.Normal2h102014
Wheat bread enriched with ß-glucan (6 g per serving)48BreadsGreece501667Binou, P., et al., Enrichment of bread with beta-glucans or resistant starch induces similar glucose, insulin and appetite hormone responses in healthy adults. European Journal of Nutrition, 2020.Normal2h102020
White bread, containing 0.8% Reducose®, lab made42BreadsChina5065.26China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h102020
Wheat bread enriched with resistant starch (high amylose waxy maize starch; 8.8 g/serving)40BreadsGreece501666Binou, P., et al., Enrichment of bread with beta-glucans or resistant starch induces similar glucose, insulin and appetite hormone responses in healthy adults. European Journal of Nutrition, 2020.Normal2h102020
White bread (10% of white bread flour was substituted by resistant starch from tapioca) 1170BreadsTaiwan50144.511Lin, M.H.A., C.R. Shyr, and J. Lin, Bread containing type 3 resistant starch reduced glycemic index and glycemic response in healthy young adults. Current Topics in Nutraceutical Research, 2012. 10(3-4): p. 143-149.Normal2h102012
White bread (30% of white bread flour was substituted by resistant starch from tapioca) 1168BreadsTaiwan50204.910Lin, M.H.A., C.R. Shyr, and J. Lin, Bread containing type 3 resistant starch reduced glycemic index and glycemic response in healthy young adults. Current Topics in Nutraceutical Research, 2012. 10(3-4): p. 143-149.Normal2h102012
White bread (60% of white bread flour was substituted by resistant starch from tapioca) 1151BreadsTaiwan50221.28Lin, M.H.A., C.R. Shyr, and J. Lin, Bread containing type 3 resistant starch reduced glycemic index and glycemic response in healthy young adults. Current Topics in Nutraceutical Research, 2012. 10(3-4): p. 143-149.Normal2h102012
White bread, prepared with a 10 min prove and a second 2 min proving (low loaf volume)38BreadsUK50NS6Burton, P. and H.J. Lightowler, Influence of bread volume on glycaemic response and satiety. British Journal of Nutrition, 2006. 96(5): p. 877-882.Normal2h102006
White bread, prepared with a 30 min prove and a second 12 min proving (moderate loaf volume)72BreadsUK50NS11Burton, P. and H.J. Lightowler, Influence of bread volume on glycaemic response and satiety. British Journal of Nutrition, 2006. 96(5): p. 877-882.Normal2h102006
White bread, prepared with a 60 min prove and a second 30 min proving (moderate loaf volume)86BreadsUK50NS13Burton, P. and H.J. Lightowler, Influence of bread volume on glycaemic response and satiety. British Journal of Nutrition, 2006. 96(5): p. 877-882.Normal2h102006
White bread, prepared with a 40 min prove, a second 25 min proving and a third 50 min proving (large loaf volume)100BreadsUK50NS15Burton, P. and H.J. Lightowler, Influence of bread volume on glycaemic response and satiety. British Journal of Nutrition, 2006. 96(5): p. 877-882.Normal2h102006
Western baked bread, made with high protein flour (15 min resting time, 70 min proving time, 11 min baking at 210°C)71BreadsSingapore5010211Lau, E., et al., Can bread processing conditions alter glycaemic response? Food Chemistry, 2015. 173: p. 250-6.Normal2h132014
White bread, pre-cooked frozen, baked 16 min at 180°C, cooled at 30°C for 18 min; frozen at -30°C for 30 min; preserved at -18°C; 2nd baking at 230°C for 12 min1378BreadsSpain5010012Gonzalez-Anton, C., et al., Glycemic responses, appetite ratings and gastrointestinal hormone responses of most common breads consumed in Spain. A randomized control trial in healthy humans. Nutrients, 2015. 7(6): p. 4033-53.Normal2h222013
Modified steamed bread made with conventional baked bread recipe, using high protein flour (15 min resting time, 40 min proving time, 10 min steaming at 100°C)65BreadsSingapore5012010Lau, E., et al., Can bread processing conditions alter glycaemic response? Food Chemistry, 2015. 173: p. 250-6.Normal2h132014
Oriental steamed bread, made with medium protein flour (15 min resting time, 40 min proving time, 10 min steaming at 100°C)68BreadsSingapore5010510Lau, E., et al., Can bread processing conditions alter glycaemic response? Food Chemistry, 2015. 173: p. 250-6.Normal2h132014
Modified baked bread made with steamed bread recipe, made with medium protein flour (15 min resting time, 70 min proving time, 11 min baking at 210°C)75BreadsSingapore508711Lau, E., et al., Can bread processing conditions alter glycaemic response? Food Chemistry, 2015. 173: p. 250-6.Normal2h132014
Wholemeal wheat flour bread, sliced (Pan Bauletto Integrale, Italy)1959BreadsItaly50126.99Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102005-2015
Wholemeal flour bread69BreadsChina50NS10Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Wholemeal flour bread75BreadsAustralia5012511Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Wholemeal flour bread, short wholemeal (50% whole meal wheat, 50% white wheat, Baker’s yeast (1.3% net flour weight), no rising time, 30 min proving time, 220°C baking temperature, 30 min baking time1378BreadsNew Zealand5011112Fredensborg, M.H., et al., Rising methods and leavening agents used in the production of bread do not impact the glycaemic index. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 19(2): p. 188-94.Normal2h102010
Wholemeal bread, long whole meal (50% whole meal wheat, 50% white wheat, Baker’s yeast (13% net flour weight), 20 min rising time, 30 min proving time, 220°C baking temperature, 30 min baking time1380BreadsNew Zealand5011512Fredensborg, M.H., et al., Rising methods and leavening agents used in the production of bread do not impact the glycaemic index. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 19(2): p. 188-94.Normal2h102010
Wholemeal bread (Gardenia Bakeries (KL) Sdn Bhd Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia)85BreadsMalaysia258013Yusof, B.N.M., et al., Glycaemic index of four commercially available breads in Malaysia. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60(6): p. 487-96.Normal2h112009
Wholemeal bread, yeast (50% wholemeal wheat, 50% white wheat, Baker’s yeast (15% dry weight), 60 min rising time, 40 min proving time, 200°C baking temperature, 40-50 min baking time1388BreadsNew Zealand5011913Fredensborg, M.H., et al., Rising methods and leavening agents used in the production of bread do not impact the glycaemic index. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 19(2): p. 188-94.Normal2h102010
Wholemeal bread, smooth milled, Ploughman's™ (Quality Bakers, Australia)64BreadsAustralia50117.110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h121996
Wholemeal stoneground flour sourdough bread (Bill's Organic Bread, Cardiff, Australia)59BreadsAustralia50135.99Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Wholemeal sliced bread, High fibre Performax™ (Country Life Bakery, Australia)38BreadsAustralia50NS6Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Wholemeal bread (wholemeal wheat flour, water, yeast, salt, and 40% sourdough), baked at 200°C for 40 min1361BreadsSpain501349Gonzalez-Anton, C., et al., Glycemic responses, appetite ratings and gastrointestinal hormone responses of most common breads consumed in Spain. A randomized control trial in healthy humans. Nutrients, 2015. 7(6): p. 4033-53.Normal2h222013
Wholemeal bread sticks, crunchy67BreadsCrete5084.710Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Corn tortilla, made from white corn, Diego's brand (San Diego Tortilla Factory Pty Ltd, Andrews, QLD, Australia)49BreadsAustralia50121.17Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
Corn tortilla, made from white corn, gluten-free, Mission® (Mission Foods Australia)52BreadsAustralia50121.18Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92010
Protein Wraps (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia)27BreadsAustralia25176.14Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Mixed Grain wraps, Helga’s (Quality Bakers Australia Pty Ltd, Australia)55BreadsAustralia50105.38Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Oat Light Wrap bread (Mountain Bread, VIC, Australia)62BreadsAustralia50949Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Whole Grain Tortilla, Old El Paso™ (General Mills Australia Pty Ltd)50BreadsAustralia50106.28Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Wholemeal and white flour wrap with chia seeds, Mission brand (Gruma Oceania Pty Ltd, Australia)50BreadsAustralia50127.68Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Wholemeal and white flour wrap with red quinoa, Mission brand (Gruma Oceania Pty Ltd, Australia)59BreadsAustralia50122.29Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Chia White bread, Bakers Delight™ (Bakers Delight Holdings, Australia)63BreadsAustralia50117.19Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102010
Bread, increased GI variant (sugar-to-flour ratio: 0.24) (Bakery School, Herk-de-Stad, Belgium)69BreadsBelgium2555.610Vrolix, R. and R.P. Mensink, Variability of the glycemic response to single food products in healthy subjects. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 2010. 31(1): p. 5-11.Normal2h102010
Bread, decreased GI variant (sugar-to-flour ratio: 0.0) (Bakery School, Herk-de-Stad, Belgium)40BreadsBelgium2558.16Vrolix, R. and R.P. Mensink, Variability of the glycemic response to single food products in healthy subjects. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 2010. 31(1): p. 5-11.Normal2h102010
Bread, sliced, soft wheat flour, flaxseeds (4.9%), soy grain (4.3%) (Cuor di Lino, Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)58BreadsItaly501279Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92012
Bread, desem (50% whole meal wheat, 50% white wheat), baker’s yeast (15% dry weight), desem (15% wet weight), 60 min rising time, 40 min proving time, 200°C baking temperature, 40-50 min baking time1392BreadsNew Zealand5011914Fredensborg, M.H., et al., Rising methods and leavening agents used in the production of bread do not impact the glycaemic index. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 19(2): p. 188-94.Normal2h102010
Crusty malted wheat bread (Finest, UK)52BreadsUK50113.18Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Dried wheat bread rusk63BreadsCrete5071.49Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Focaccia, soft wheat flour, with extra virgin olive oil (8.7%) (Focaccelle con olio di oliva extravergine, Mulino Bianco, Barilla)63BreadsItaly25629Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92015
Lebanese bread, white (Seda Bakery, Sydney, Australia)75BreadsAustralia50NS11Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Malt loaf, organic59BreadsUK5081.79Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Naan bread (True Foods Pty Ltd, VIC, Australia), heated in microwave for 25 sec71BreadsAustralia50117.911Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Pain au lait (Pasquier, France)63BreadsFrance50949Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Pita bread, white, mini68BreadsUK5097.710Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Pita bread, wholemeal56BreadsUK50107.88Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Pumpkin Cob Gourmet Bread (Fine Breads of Australia, NSW, Australia) 85BreadsAustralia50121.713Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Roti (unleavened flatbread), whole wheat flour45BreadsIndia5074.67Radhika, G., et al., Glycaemic index of Indian flatbreads (rotis) prepared using whole wheat flour and 'atta mix'-added whole wheat flour. British Journal of Nutrition, 2010. 103(11): p. 1642-7.Normal2h182010
Roti (unleavened flatbread), atta mix containing roasted Bengal flour, psyllium husk powder and fenugreek powder 27BreadsIndia5066.74Radhika, G., et al., Glycaemic index of Indian flatbreads (rotis) prepared using whole wheat flour and 'atta mix'-added whole wheat flour. British Journal of Nutrition, 2010. 103(11): p. 1642-7.Normal2h182010
Sprouted kamut bread67BreadsAustralia50128.910Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Steamed wheat bread88BreadsChina50NS13Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Barley bread, containing 40% barley flour and 60% wheat flour, separate proving of wheat dough72BreadsNorway2556.711Rieder, A., et al., At a high dose even partially degraded beta-glucan with decreased solubility significantly reduced the glycaemic response to bread. Food & Function, 2019. 10(3): p. 1529-1539.Normal2h142019
Lompe (made from potato, precooked and cooled, and spelt flour) (Speltlompe) (Buer AS, Askim, Norway)63BreadsNorway2566.89Rieder, A., et al., At a high dose even partially degraded beta-glucan with decreased solubility significantly reduced the glycaemic response to bread. Food & Function, 2019. 10(3): p. 1529-1539.Normal2h142019
Millet steamed bread (75% foxtail-millet flour and 25% extrusion flour (w/w, dry basis)90BreadsChina5010014Ren, X., et al., In vitro starch digestibility and in vivo glycemic response of foxtail millet and its products. Food & Function, 2016. 7(1): p. 372-9.Normal2h102016
Potato mixed flour bread (lab made)55BreadsChina50107.18China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122020
Soy flour bread40BreadsAustralia50197.66Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Branflakes (Healthy Living, UK)50Breastfast CerealsUK5074.510Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Bran Flakes, President's Choice® Blue Menu™(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)65Breastfast CerealsCanada507913INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Bran Flakes™ (Kellogg's, Australia)74Breastfast CerealsAustralia508315Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122000
Chocapic™, wheat-based flaked cereal70Breastfast CerealsFrance5062.614Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112003
Chocapic™, wheat-based flaked cereal74Breastfast CerealsFrance5062.615Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122003
Chocapic™, wheat-based flaked cereal84Breastfast CerealsFrance506017Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Cornflakes (Kellogg's, Australia)13, tested in younger adults (19-32 y)64Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS13Venn, B.J., M. Kataoka, and J. Mann, The use of different reference foods in determining the glycemic index of starchy and non-starchy test foods. Nutrition Journal, 2014. 13: p. 50.Normal2h202014
Cornflakes1166Breastfast CerealsFrance5053.513Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h132019
Cornflakes74Breastfast CerealsChina50NS15Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Cornflakes1177Breastfast CerealsFrance5053.515Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h152019
Cornflakes1177Breastfast CerealsFrance5053.515Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h152019
Cornflakes79Breastfast CerealsChina50NS16Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Cornflakes (Kellogg's, Australia)13, tested in older adults (56-86 y)81Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS16Venn, B.J., M. Kataoka, and J. Mann, The use of different reference foods in determining the glycemic index of starchy and non-starchy test foods. Nutrition Journal, 2014. 13: p. 50.Normal2h602014
Cornflakes (Kellogg's, Australia)82Breastfast CerealsAustralia5059.816Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., Effects of added PGX R, a novel functional fibre, on the glycaemic index of starchy foods. British Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 108(2): p. 245-8.Normal2h102010
Cornflakes (Kellogg's)93Breastfast CerealsThailand506019China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Cornflakes (Kellogg's)105Breastfast CerealsThailand506021China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122020
Cornflakes, Crunchy Nut™ (Kellogg’s, Australia)72Breastfast CerealsAustralia5062.814Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Fruit and Fibre67Breastfast CerealsUK5072.413Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Fruit and Fibre (Value, UK)68Breastfast CerealsUK5076.114Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Granola, blueberry64Breastfast CerealsCanada509213Jenkins, A.L., et al., Effect of adding the novel fiber, PGX R, to commonly consumed foods on glycemic response, glycemic index and GRIP: a simple and effective strategy for reducing post prandial blood glucose levels--a randomized, controlled trial. Nutrition Journal, 2010. 9: p. 58.Normal2h102010
Granola Clusters, Original, low fat, President’s Choice® Blue Menu™ Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)63Breastfast CerealsCanada5068.213INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Granola Clusters, Raisin & Almond, low fat, President’s Choice® Blue Menu™ Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)70Breastfast CerealsCanada5068.214INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Granola, whole-grain oat protein 51Breastfast CerealsUSA508710Tan, W.S.K., et al., The glycaemic index and insulinaemic index of commercially available breakfast and snack foods in an Asian population. British Journal of Nutrition, 2018. 119(10): p. 1151-1156.Normal2h192018
Low GI Granola Golden Almond Crunch (Sanitarium Health and Food Company, New Zealand)49Breastfast CerealsNew Zealand5010210University of Otago (Dunedin, New Zealand), unpublished observations.Normal2h112019
Low GI Granola Strawberry & Coconut (Sanitarium health and Food Company)52Breastfast CerealsNew Zealand5096.210University of Otago (Dunedin, New Zealand), unpublished observations.Normal2h112019
Soy Crunch Multi-Grain Cereal, President’s Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)47Breastfast CerealsCanada509INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Soytana™, Vogel’s, soy and linseed bran crunch with sultanas, 20.1 g fiber/100 g (Specialty Cereals, Mt Ku-ring-gai, NSW, Australia)49Breastfast CerealsAustralia5081.110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Vogel’s Cluster Crunch Classic (Specialty Cereals, Australia)50Breastfast CerealsAustralia5076.710Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Vogel’s Cluster Crunch, Honey Hazelnut (Specialty Cereals, Australia)43Breastfast CerealsAustralia5079.59Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Wild Oats Cluster Crunch Hazelnut Chocolate (Specialty Cereals, Australia)43Breastfast CerealsAustralia5079.19Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Malted wholewheat cereal56Breastfast CerealsUK50NS11Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index of common foods tested in the UK and India. British Journal of Nutrition, 2008. 99(4): p. 840-5.Normal Caucasian2h102008
Malted wholewheat cereal60Breastfast CerealsUK50NS12Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index of common foods tested in the UK and India. British Journal of Nutrition, 2008. 99(4): p. 840-5.Normal Asian2h102008
Malted wheat cereal60Breastfast CerealsUK50NS12Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index of common foods tested in the UK and India. British Journal of Nutrition, 2008. 99(4): p. 840-5.Normal Caucasian2h102008
Malted wheat cereal68Breastfast CerealsUK50NS14Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index of common foods tested in the UK and India. British Journal of Nutrition, 2008. 99(4): p. 840-5.Normal Asian2h102008
Apple & Cinnamon Muesli, Nature’s Source (Bokomo, Cape Town, South Africa)59Breastfast CerealsSouth Africa5079.412Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Apple & Cranberry Muesli, Balance (Simply Cereal Pty Ltd, Australia)67Breastfast CerealsAustralia5072.113Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Bircher Muesli, Apple & Raisin (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, VIC, Australia)66Breastfast CerealsAustralia5092.613Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Bircher Muesli, Carman’s Natural (Carman’s Fine Foods, Australia)48Breastfast CerealsAustralia50101.210Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Fibre-Rich Muesli, Vogel's Café Style (Specialty Cereals, Mt Ku-ring-gai, NSW, Australia)48Breastfast CerealsAustralia5078.410Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Fruit Free Muesli, Carman’s Original (Carman’s Fine Foods, Australia)45Breastfast CerealsAustralia50107.19Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Fruit & Muesli, Bürgen® (George Weston Foods, Australia)51Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS10B Spratt (George Weston Foods, Australia), unpublished observation.Normal2h102007
Fruit & Nut Muesli, Carman’s Classic (Carman’s Fine Foods, Australia)50Breastfast CerealsAustralia5092.610Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Liver Cleansing Muesli (Food For Health Life Food, Australia)31Breastfast CerealsAustralia50116.36Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Muesli (Value, UK)64Breastfast CerealsUK5079.913Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Muesli (Healthy Eating, UK)86Breastfast CerealsUK5070.317Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Muesli (Cereali croccanti classic, Italy)666Breastfast CerealsItaly5075.513Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Muesli, fruit67Breastfast CerealsUK5074.413Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Muesli, with concentrated fruit juices (Cereali croccanti classic, Italy)662Breastfast CerealsItaly5069.912Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Muesli Gluten Free, Carman’s Deluxe (Carman’s Fine Foods, Australia)49Breastfast CerealsAustralia507910Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Muesli, gluten-free with psyllium (Freedom Foods, Australia)50Breastfast CerealsAustralia50150.210International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h92007
Muesli, Light, mixed berry & apple flavor, Special K brand (Kellogg's, Australia)64Breastfast CerealsAustralia5074.513Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Muesli, made from steamed rolled oats with dried fruit and nuts, Alpen original (Weetabix, UK)55Breastfast CerealsUK508011Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Muesli, Morning Sun Natural Apricot & Almond (Nestlé, Australia)49Breastfast CerealsAustralia2556.610Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Muesli, Natural (Sanitarium, Australia)40Breastfast CerealsAustralia5079.18Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Muesli, Natural (Sanitarium, New Zealand)57Breastfast CerealsNew Zealand50NS11Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h102000
Muesli, Natural Style Original Swiss Formula (Uncle Toby's, Australia)62Breastfast CerealsAustralia5083.812Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
Muesli, Naytura Fruit and Nut (Woolworths, Australia)48Breastfast CerealsAustralia5010810Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Muesli, Swiss Bircher (Woolworths Select, Australia)52Breastfast CerealsAustralia508510Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Muesli, toasted, with nuts65Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS13Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Muesli, wholewheat56Breastfast CerealsUK5084.611Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Muesli, yeast & wheat free (Freedom Foods, Australia)45Breastfast CerealsAustralia50150.29International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102007
Rye Muesli, Bürgen® (George Weston Foods, Australia)41Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS8B Spratt (George Weston Foods, Australia), unpublished observation.Normal2h102007
Soy-Lin™ Muesli, Bürgen® (George Weston Foods, Australia)51Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS10International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
Whole-grain oat muesli55Breastfast CerealsUSA508411Tan, W.S.K., et al., The glycaemic index and insulinaemic index of commercially available breakfast and snack foods in an Asian population. British Journal of Nutrition, 2018. 119(10): p. 1151-1156.Normal2h192018
Chocolate Protein Muesli (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia)35Breastfast CerealsAustralia25120.87Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Peanut Candy Protein Muesli (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia)30Breastfast CerealsAustralia25147.16Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Red Fruits Protein Muesli (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia)32Breastfast CerealsAustralia25134.46Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Instant oats, cooked in microwave for 2.5 min (Quaker Quick Oats; Peterborough, Ontario)76Breastfast CerealsCanada5088.215Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., Effects of added PGX R, a novel functional fibre, on the glycaemic index of starchy foods. British Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 108(2): p. 245-8.Normal2h102010
Instant oat porridge, cooked in microwave with water (Uncle Toby's, Australia)82Breastfast CerealsAustralia5088.216Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Instant oat cereal porridge, prepared with 348 g water83Breastfast CerealsUK5087.117Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Instant oat porridge, prepared with water, cooked 87Breastfast CerealsAustralia5088.217Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Porridge oats (Freedom Foods, Australia)50Breastfast CerealsAustralia5080.910International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h122007
Porridge oats, traditional (Lowan Whole Foods, Australia)51Breastfast CerealsAustralia508110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
Porridge oats55Breastfast CerealsChina50NS11Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Porridge, Traditional Rolled Oats (Woolworths Select brand, Australia)57Breastfast CerealsAustralia5081.411Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Porridge (Hubbards, New Zealand)58Breastfast CerealsNew Zealand50NS12Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h102000
Porridge, Scottish, made with water, cooked in microwave63Breastfast CerealsUK5080.613Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Oat porridge made from 0.5-0.6 mm thick rolled oat flakes, cooked for 10 min (Elovena, Raisio Group Ltd, Raisio, Finland)76Breastfast CerealsFinland5049515Hätönen, K.A., et al., Methodologic considerations in the measurement of glycemic index: glycemic response to rye bread, oatmeal porridge, and mashed potato. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2006. 84(5): p. 1055-61.Normal3h122005
Multigrain porridge, containing rolled oats, wheat, triticale, rye, barley and rice, cooked with water (The Monster Muesli Company, Beecroft, Australia)55Breastfast CerealsAustralia50143.811Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92003
Porridge, made from steel-cut oats, cooked in water48Breastfast CerealsAustralia5081.210Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Porridge, made from steel-cut oats, Moulamein™, cooked in water51Breastfast CerealsAustralia5087.910Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92016
Porridge, made from steel-cut oats, cooked in water 52Breastfast CerealsUSA5090.910Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92003
Porridge, made from steel-cut oats, cooked in water (Meebags, Sunny International Trading Pty Ltd)53Breastfast CerealsAustralia5089.611Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92019
Porridge, made from old-Fashioned Steel Cut Oats, President's Choice® Blue Menu™(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)57Breastfast CerealsCanada508011INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Almond & Cinnamon, Uncle Toby’s® Oats Super Blends Protein, prepared with water57Breastfast CerealsAustralia50105.311Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Cranberry & Chia, Uncle Toby’s® Oats Super Blends Protein, prepared with water52Breastfast CerealsAustralia5094.310Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Multi grain instant oatmeal, Regular and Cinnamon & Spice, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)55Breastfast CerealsCanada5086.511INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Rice Bubbles™ (Kellogg's, Australia)85Breastfast CerealsAustralia5058.517Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Rice Bubbles™ (Kellogg's, Australia)92Breastfast CerealsAustralia5058.418Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
Special K™ (Kellogg's, USA)69Breastfast CerealsUSA50NS14Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Special K™, made from rice (Kellogg's, France)84Breastfast CerealsFrance506417Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Sustain™, Original (Kellogg's, Australia)55Breastfast CerealsAustralia5067.411Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Sustain™ (Kellogg's)13, tested in younger adults (19-32 y)56Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS11Venn, B.J., M. Kataoka, and J. Mann, The use of different reference foods in determining the glycemic index of starchy and non-starchy test foods. Nutrition Journal, 2014. 13: p. 50.Normal2h202014
Sustain™ (Kellogg's)13, tested in older adults (56–86 y)66Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS13Venn, B.J., M. Kataoka, and J. Mann, The use of different reference foods in determining the glycemic index of starchy and non-starchy test foods. Nutrition Journal, 2014. 13: p. 50.Normal2h602014
Vita-Brits™ (Uncle Toby's, Australia)68Breastfast CerealsAustralia5075.614Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Weet-Bix™ (Sanitarium, Australia)69Breastfast CerealsAustralia5078.214Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
Weet-Bix™ (Sanitarium, Australia)69Breastfast CerealsAustralia5075.114Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122001
Whole wheat Goldies™ (Kellogg's, Australia)70Breastfast CerealsAustralia5074.514Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Wheat based cereal biscuits72Breastfast CerealsUK5074.514Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Wheat flake cereal biscuits76Breastfast CerealsAustralia507515Wright, A.G., T.P. Ellis, and L.L. Ilag, Filtered molasses concentrate from sugar cane: natural functional ingredient effective in lowering the glycaemic index and insulin response of high carbohydrate foods. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 2014. 69(4): p. 310-6.Normal2h102014
Good Start™, muesli wheat biscuits (Sanitarium, Australia)68Breastfast CerealsAustralia5075.814Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Hi-Bran Weet-Bix™, wheat biscuits with extra wheat bran (Sanitarium, Australia)61Breastfast CerealsAustralia50147.412Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Hi-Bran Weet-Bix™ with soy and linseed (Sanitarium, Australia)57Breastfast CerealsAustralia5092.311Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Honey Goldies™ (Kellogg's Australia)72Breastfast CerealsAustralia5071.314Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Lite-Bix™, plain, no added sugar (Sanitarium, Australia)70Breastfast CerealsAustralia5092.914Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Oat bran Weet-Bix™ (Sanitarium, Australia)57Breastfast CerealsAustralia5091.411Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Sultana Goldies™ (Kellogg's Australia)65Breastfast CerealsAustralia5073.113Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Wheat flake cereal biscuits with 1.4 g Filtered Molasses Concentrate added per 100 g (2.08 g FMC/100 g carbohydrate)72Breastfast CerealsAustralia507514Wright, A.G., T.P. Ellis, and L.L. Ilag, Filtered molasses concentrate from sugar cane: natural functional ingredient effective in lowering the glycaemic index and insulin response of high carbohydrate foods. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 2014. 69(4): p. 310-6.Normal2h102014
Wheat flake cereal biscuits with 2.0 g Filtered Molasses Concentrate added per 100g (2.98 g FMC/100 g carbohydrate)70Breastfast CerealsAustralia507514Wright, A.G., T.P. Ellis, and L.L. Ilag, Filtered molasses concentrate from sugar cane: natural functional ingredient effective in lowering the glycaemic index and insulin response of high carbohydrate foods. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 2014. 69(4): p. 310-6.Normal2h102014
Wheat flakes73Breastfast CerealsAustralia5085.615Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
All-Bran Fruit 'n Oats™ (Kellogg's, Australia)41Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS8Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10-121997
All-Bran Soy 'n Fiber™ (Kellogg's, Australia)33Breastfast CerealsAustralia50887Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
All-Bran Wheat Flakes™ (Kellogg's, Australia)60Breastfast CerealsAustralia5072.612Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
Bran cereal, high fiber43Breastfast CerealsUK50129.99Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Coco Pops™ (Kellogg's, Australia)77Breastfast CerealsAustralia5057.115Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Corn Pops™ (Kellogg's, Australia)80Breastfast CerealsAustralia5055.616Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Crunchola Apple & Cinnamon Oat & Fruit (Norganic Foods Pty Ltd, Australia)70Breastfast CerealsAustralia5069.114Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Energy Mix™, wheat-based flaked cereal (Quaker, France)80Breastfast CerealsFrance505816Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Fibre First Multi-Bran Cereal, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)56Breastfast CerealsCanada50150.211INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Froot Loops™ (Kellogg's, Australia)69Breastfast CerealsAustralia5058.614Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Frosties™, sugar-coated cornflakes (Kellogg's, Australia)55Breastfast CerealsAustralia5057.811Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h121997
Fruity-Bix™, berry (Sanitarium, New Zealand)113Breastfast CerealsNew Zealand50NS23Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h102000
Golden Wheats™ (Kellogg's, Australia)71Breastfast CerealsAustralia5065.214Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101997
Goodness Superfoods Fibre Boost Sprinkles (Popina Pty Ltd, Australia)34Breastfast CerealsAustralia25407Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102009
Grapenuts™ (Kraft Foods Inc, Port Chester, USA)75Breastfast CerealsUSA5072.515Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101997
Guardian™ (Kellogg's, Australia)37Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS7Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10-121997
Guardian™ (Kellogg's, Australia)43Breastfast CerealsAustralia5038.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112019
Healthwise™ for bowel health (Uncle Toby's, Wahgunyah, Australia)66Breastfast CerealsAustralia5072.713Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
High-fiber cereal52Breastfast CerealsUK5087.110Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Hi-Lite™, containing 55% rolled barley grains (Freedom Foods, Cheltenham, Australia)54Breastfast CerealsAustralia5082.111International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h92006-2007
Honey Rice Bubbles™ (Kellogg's, Australia)77Breastfast CerealsAustralia5056.415Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Honey Smacks™ (Kellogg's, Australia)71Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS14Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10-121997
Hot cereal, Sustagrain, apple & cinnamon (Con Agra Inc, USA)37Breastfast CerealsUSA5096.37Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Hot cereal, Sustagrain, unflavored (Con Agra Inc., USA)25Breastfast CerealsUSA50135.55Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Just Right™ (Kellogg's, Australia)60Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS12Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10-121997
Just Right Just Grains™ (Kellogg's, Australia)62Breastfast CerealsAustralia5064.312Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Komplete™ (Kellogg's, Australia)48Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS10Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101997
Milo® Protein Clusters Cereal (Nestlé, Australia)47Breastfast CerealsAustralia5080.99Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Mini Wheats™, blackcurrant (Kellogg's, Australia)72Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS14Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10-121997
Oat 'n Honey Bake™ (Kellogg's, Australia)77Breastfast CerealsAustralia50NS15Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Oats, rolled, uncooked (Lowan's Whole Foods, Box Hill, Australia)59Breastfast CerealsAustralia5080.912Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Raisin Bran™ (Kellogg's, USA)61Breastfast CerealsUSA50NS12Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Soy Tasty™ (flaked grains, soy nuts, dried fruit) (Sanitarium, Australia)60Breastfast CerealsAustralia5077.612Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Sultana Bran™ (Kellogg's, Australia)64Breastfast CerealsAustralia5078.613Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
Ultra-bran™, Vogel's, soy and linseed extruded wheat bran cereal, 30.2 g fiber/100 g (Specialty Cereals, Australia)41Breastfast CerealsAustralia50104.68Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Wheat flakes73Breastfast CerealsAustralia5085.615Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Whole-grain protein cereal49Breastfast CerealsUSA509910Tan, W.S.K., et al., The glycaemic index and insulinaemic index of commercially available breakfast and snack foods in an Asian population. British Journal of Nutrition, 2018. 119(10): p. 1151-1156.Normal2h192018
Apricot Breakfast Bar, chewy (Norganic Foods Pty Ltd, Australia)85Breastfast CerealsAustralia5074.717Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Cereal bar, cranberry flavor42Breastfast CerealsUK50103.18Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Cereal bar, hazelnut flavor33Breastfast CerealsUK50103.77Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Cereal bar, orange flavor33Breastfast CerealsUK50105.57Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Crunchy Nut Cornflakes™ bar (Kellogg's, Australia)72Breastfast CerealsAustralia5058.314Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Fruity-Bix™ bar, wheat biscuit cereal with dried fruit and nuts with yoghurt coating (Sanitarium, Australia)56Breastfast CerealsAustralia507911Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Fruity-Bix™ bar, wild berry, wheat biscuit cereal and dried fruit covered with yoghurt coating (Sanitarium, Australia)51Breastfast CerealsAustralia5082.410Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Hi-Lite™ breakfast bar (Freedom Foods, Australia)53Breastfast CerealsAustralia5071.611International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102007
K-Time Just Right™ bar (Kellogg's, Australia)72Breastfast CerealsAustralia5064.314Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
K-Time Strawberry Crunch™ bar (Kellogg's, Australia)77Breastfast CerealsAustralia5061.715Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Muesli breakfast bar, gluten-free (Freedom Foods, Australia)50Breastfast CerealsAustralia5087.910International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h92007
Rice Bubble Treat™ bar (Kellogg's, Australia)63Breastfast CerealsAustralia5063.213Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Sustain™ bar (Kellogg's, Australia)57Breastfast CerealsAustralia5060.811Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Uncle Toby’s® Milk and Oats, Chocolate cereal bar48Breastfast CerealsAustralia5093.810Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Uncle Toby’s® Milk and Oats, Strawberry cereal bar50Breastfast CerealsAustralia5094.210Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Uncle Toby’s® Milk and Oats, Vanilla cereal bar46Breastfast CerealsAustralia5093.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92019
Uncle Toby’s® Breakfast Bakes, Apple and Cinnamon45Breastfast CerealsAustralia5095.89Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92019
Uncle Toby’s® Breakfast Bakes, Classic Peanut Butter47Breastfast CerealsAustralia50102.79Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Uncle Toby’s® Breakfast Bakes, Honey Almond50Breastfast CerealsAustralia50101.210Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92019
Uncle Toby’s® Breakfast Bakes, Vanilla & Roasted Cashew44Breastfast CerealsAustralia50101.89Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92019
Adlay (Coix lachryma-jobi L)2239Cereal GrainsTaiwan506418Lin, M.-H.A., et al., Glycemic index, glycemic load and insulinemic index of Chinese starchy foods. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2010. 16(39): p. 4973-9.Normal2h102010
Adlay, Chinese pearl barley (Coix lachryma-Jobi L.), boiled in water for 28 min78Cereal GrainsAustralia5081.735Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Barley, Celebrity cultivar (six-rowed, hulled, normal barley; high amylose, medium ß-glucan), whole grain (only the husk was removed), boiled for 25 min21Cereal GrainsCanada5092.29Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, Celebrity cultivar (six-rowed, hulled, normal barley; high amylose, medium ß-glucan), pot pearled (all of the bran and most of the germ removed), boiled for 30 min22Cereal GrainsCanada5083.710Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, CDC Fibar cultivar (two-rowed, hull-less, waxy barley; low amylose, high ß-glucan) whole grain (only the husk was removed), boiled for 25 min22Cereal GrainsCanada50102.210Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, GB cultivar (two-rowed, hulled, normal barley), whole grain (only the husk was removed), boiled for 25 min24Cereal GrainsCanada5089.511Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, pot, boiled in salted water 20 min (Goudas Food Products, Concord, Canada) 25Cereal GrainsCanada5079.611Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Barley, Celebrity cultivar (six-rowed, hulled, normal barley; high amylose, medium ß-glucan), commercial pearled (some bran and germ were also removed), boiled for 25 min25Cereal GrainsCanada5091.611Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, Celebrity cultivar (six-rowed, hulled, normal barley; high amylose, medium ß-glucan) whole grain (only the husk was removed), boiled for 25 min25Cereal GrainsCanada5092.211Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, Rattan cultivar (two-rowed, hull-less, waxy barley), whole grain (only the husk was removed), boiled for 25 min26Cereal GrainsCanada5095.312Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, Kawathra cultivar (six-rowed, hulled, normal barley), whole grain (only the husk was removed), boiled for 25 min28Cereal GrainsCanada5085.113Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, Chief cultivar (two-rowed, hulled, normal barley), whole grain (only the husk was removed), boiled for 25 min29Cereal GrainsCanada5083.613Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, AC Alberta cultivar (two-rowed, hull-less, normal barley), whole grain (only the husk was removed), boiled for 25 min29Cereal GrainsCanada5091.213Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, CDC Fibar cultivar (two-rowed, hull-less, waxy barley; low amylose, high ß-glucan) white pearled (all of the bran and most of the germ and crease removed), boiled for 30 min30Cereal GrainsCanada5086.914Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, AC Parkhill cultivar (two-rowed, hulled, normal barley; high amylose, low ß-glucan) whole grain (only the husk was removed), boiled for 25 min30Cereal GrainsCanada5087.614Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, Celebrity cultivar (six-rowed, hulled, normal barley; high amylose, medium ß-glucan), white pearled (all of the bran and most of the germ and crease removed), boiled for 30 min32Cereal GrainsCanada5080.214Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, Celebrity cultivar (six-rowed, hulled, normal barley; high amylose, medium ß-glucan) white pearled (all of the bran and most of the germ and crease removed), boiled for 30 min33Cereal GrainsCanada5080.215Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, pot, boiled (Goudas Food Products, Canada)35Cereal GrainsCanada50NS16Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Determination of the glycaemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(3): p. 475-82.Normal2h472001
Barley, pot, boiled (Goudas Food Products, Canada)33Cereal GrainsCanada50NS15Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Determination of the glycaemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(3): p. 475-82.Normal2h212001
Barley, AC Klinck cultivar (six-rowed, hulled, normal barley), whole grain (only the husk was removed), boiled for 25 min36Cereal GrainsCanada5085.816Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, AC Parkhill cultivar (two-rowed, hulled, normal barley; high amylose, low ß-glucan) white pearled (all of the bran and most of the germ and crease removed), boiled for 30 minboiled for 30 min41Cereal GrainsCanada5076.118Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley, pearled (Orzo, Barilla, Italy)58Cereal GrainsItaly507626Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92009
Barley tempe (prepared by Lantmännen R&D from whole barley grains (c.v. Karmosé) with high ß-glucan (6%) and high amylose content (~40%) from Svalöf Weibull AB, Sweden)30Cereal GrainsSweden259514Alminger, M. and C. Eklund-Jonsson, Whole-grain cereal products based on a high-fibre barley or oat genotype lower post-prandial glucose and insulin responses in healthy humans. European Journal of Nutrition, 2008. 47(6): p. 294-300.Normal2h132007
Highland Barley Mixed Flour (20% Highland Barley flour, 80% wheat flour) (Xinwang (Tibet XinWang Biology & Technology, China)63Cereal GrainsChina5071.428China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122019
Porridge made from pearl barley (15.6 g fiber/100 g) (Waitrose Limited, Bracknell, UK)44Cereal GrainsUK25NS20Thondre, P.S., et al., Glycaemic response to barley porridge varying in dietary fibre content. British Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 107(5): p. 719-24.Normal2h102012
Porridge made from pearl barley (15.6 g fiber/100 g) (Waitrose Limited, Bracknell, UK)39Cereal GrainsUK50NS18Thondre, P.S., et al., Glycaemic response to barley porridge varying in dietary fibre content. British Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 107(5): p. 719-24.Normal2h102012
Porridge made from organic barley grain (9.6 g fiber/100 g) (Suma Whole Foods, UK)50Cereal GrainsUK25NS23Thondre, P.S., et al., Glycaemic response to barley porridge varying in dietary fibre content. British Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 107(5): p. 719-24.Normal2h102012
Porridge made from organic barley grain (9.6 g fiber/100 g) (Suma Whole Foods, UK)43Cereal GrainsUK50NS19Thondre, P.S., et al., Glycaemic response to barley porridge varying in dietary fibre content. British Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 107(5): p. 719-24.Normal2h102012
Corn granules52Cereal GrainsChina50NS23Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Cornmeal porridge68Cereal GrainsChina50NS31Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
100% waxy corn starch (Amioca™ powder, Ingredion), prepared as a gel with 224.2 mL water, heated in microwave for 90 sec92Cereal GrainsAustralia2528.741Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
100% waxy corn starch (Ultra-Sperse™powder, Ingredion), prepared as a gel with 224.2 mL water, heated in microwave for 90 sec101Cereal GrainsAustralia2528.745Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Sweet corn, cooked in microwave for 1.5 min51Cereal GrainsAustralia25185.223Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Sweet corn, cooked55Cereal GrainsChina50NS25Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Couscous, rehydrated with hot water (San Remo, Australia)65Cereal GrainsAustralia5070.429Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92006
Pearl couscous (Israeli couscous) (Blu™ Gourmet brand, Benedikts Imports, Australia), rehydrated with hot water52Cereal GrainsAustralia5063.623Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92008
Pearl couscous (Israeli couscous), whole wheat (Blu™ brand, Benedikts Imports, Australia), rehydrated with hot water53Cereal GrainsAustralia5080.624Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92013
Foxtail millet, cooked (millet:water ratio 1:1.5)64Cereal GrainsChina5016929Ren, X., et al., In vitro starch digestibility and in vivo glycemic response of foxtail millet and its products. Food & Function, 2016. 7(1): p. 372-9.Normal2h102016
Unpolished little millet, plain cooked (Earth 360, Kadiri, Andhra Pradesh, India)89Cereal GrainsIndia50182.540Malavika, M., et al., Assessment of quality of minor millets available in the south Indian market & glycaemic index of cooked unpolished little & foxtail millet. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 2020. 152(4): p. 401-409.Normal2h152017-18
Unpolished foxtail millet, plain cooked (Earth 360, Kadiri, Andhra Pradesh, India)89Cereal GrainsIndia50170.140Malavika, M., et al., Assessment of quality of minor millets available in the south Indian market & glycaemic index of cooked unpolished little & foxtail millet. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 2020. 152(4): p. 401-409.Normal2h152017-18
Foxtail millet porridge (millet:water ratio 1:9)94Cereal GrainsChina5055042Ren, X., et al., In vitro starch digestibility and in vivo glycemic response of foxtail millet and its products. Food & Function, 2016. 7(1): p. 372-9.Normal2h102016
Oat tempe (prepared by Lantmännen R&D from whole oat grains (c.v. Betania) with high ß-glucan content (6%) from Svalöf Weibull AB, Sweden)63Cereal GrainsSweden2511128Alminger, M. and C. Eklund-Jonsson, Whole-grain cereal products based on a high-fibre barley or oat genotype lower post-prandial glucose and insulin responses in healthy humans. European Journal of Nutrition, 2008. 47(6): p. 294-300.Normal2h132007
Quinoa, white, cooked in boiling water for 15 min (Nutritious Foods, Australia)50Cereal GrainsAustralia5074.423Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Quinoa, retort product, Coles Simply Gluten Free Quinoa Cups, microwaved for 70 sec (Coles Supermarkets, Australia)53Cereal GrainsAustralia50136.624Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Quinoa, cooked, refrigerated, reheated in microwave for 1.5 min (Nature First Organic, Australia)53Cereal GrainsAustralia5073.524Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Quinoa, red, cooked in boiling water for 15 min (Nutritious Foods, Australia)54Cereal GrainsAustralia5074.424Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Quinoa, retort product, Coles Simply Gluten Free Mexican Style Quinoa and Brown Rice Cups, microwaved for 70 sec (Coles Supermarkets, Australia)49Cereal GrainsAustralia50167.822Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Rice flour, 10% resistant starch, prepared with boiled water (Youtang Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China)56Cereal GrainsChina2532.525China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122020
Basmati, white, polished, cooked 10 min50Cereal GrainsUK5064.823Ranawana, D.V., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercially available rice and rice products in Great Britain. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60 Suppl 4: p. 99-110.Normal2h102009
Basmati rice (Dreamrice, Singapore)56Cereal GrainsSingapore5066.525Tan, V.M.H., et al., Glycaemic and insulin responses, glycaemic index and insulinaemic index values of rice between three Asian ethnic groups. British Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 113(8): p. 1228-36.Normal2hChinese2015
Basmati rice (SunRice; Ricegrowers Ltd.; Leeton, NSW, Australia)1357Cereal GrainsAustralia50NS26Kataoka, M., et al., Glycaemic responses to glucose and rice in people of Chinese and European ethnicity. Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association, 2013. 30(3): p. e101-7.Normal European2h312013
Basmati, white, boiled (Mahatma brand, Australia)58Cereal GrainsAustralia506326Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h91995
Basmati, white, boiled (SunRice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)59Cereal GrainsPakistan5063.327Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Basmati rice (Dreamrice, Singapore)60Cereal GrainsSingapore5066.527Tan, V.M.H., et al., Glycaemic and insulin responses, glycaemic index and insulinaemic index values of rice between three Asian ethnic groups. British Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 113(8): p. 1228-36.Normal2hAsian-Indian2015
Basmati rice (Dreamrice, Singapore)63Cereal GrainsSingapore5066.528Tan, V.M.H., et al., Glycaemic and insulin responses, glycaemic index and insulinaemic index values of rice between three Asian ethnic groups. British Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 113(8): p. 1228-36.Normal2hMalay2015
Basmati, white, boiled (SunRice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)65Cereal GrainsPakistan506929Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Basmati rice (Laila Basmati Rice, Surya Foods, Harwich, UK)66Cereal GrainsUK50NS30George, R., A.L. Garcia, and C.A. Edwards, Glycaemic responses of staple South Asian foods alone and combined with curried chicken as a mixed meal. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the official journal of the British Dietetic Association, 2015. 28(3): p. 283-91.Normal2h102015
Basmati rice (SunRice; Ricegrowers Ltd.; Leeton, NSW)1367Cereal GrainsAustralia50NS30Kataoka, M., et al., Glycaemic responses to glucose and rice in people of Chinese and European ethnicity. Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association, 2013. 30(3): p. e101-7.Normal Chinese2h322013
Basmati, parboiled long grain rice, Maharani brand (Chaman Lal Setia Exports Ltd, India)52Cereal GrainsIndia5063.923Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92012
Basmati, brown (unpolished milled basmati rice), cooked for 25 min75Cereal GrainsUK5071.934Ranawana, D.V., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercially available rice and rice products in Great Britain. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60 Suppl 4: p. 99-110.Normal2h102009
Basmati, white and brown (mixture of 60% white and 40% brown basmati rice), cooked for 25 min59Cereal GrainsUK506727Ranawana, D.V., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercially available rice and rice products in Great Britain. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60 Suppl 4: p. 99-110.Normal2h102009
Basmati with wild rice (mixture of 83% easy-cook basmati and 17% North American wild rice (Zizania palustris L.), cooked 20 min63Cereal GrainsUK506528Ranawana, D.V., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercially available rice and rice products in Great Britain. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60 Suppl 4: p. 99-110.Normal2h102009
Precooked basmati rice in pouch, white, reheated in microwave, Uncle Ben's Express® (Masterfoods, UK)57Cereal GrainsUK50151.526Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Quick cooking white basmati, cooked 10 min, Uncle Ben's® Superior (Masterfoods, Belgium)60Cereal GrainsBelgium5067.527Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Basmati, white, express rice, microwaved for 2 min (Uncle Ben’s®, Masterfoods, Australia)63Cereal GrainsAustralia50166.728Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92011
Basmati, easy-cook (heat-treated white, polished basmati rice), cooked 15 min80Cereal GrainsUK5064.136Ranawana, D.V., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercially available rice and rice products in Great Britain. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60 Suppl 4: p. 99-110.Normal2h102009
Doongara, white, cooked in rice cooker48Cereal GrainsAustralia5064.122Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
Doongara, white rice (SunRice CleverRice, Rice Growers Coop, New Zealand) 1348Cereal GrainsNew Zealand50NS22Dodd, H., et al., Calculating meal glycemic index by using measured and published food values compared with directly measured meal glycemic index. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2011. 94(4): p. 992-6.Normal2h302011
Doongara, white53Cereal GrainsAustralia506624Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Doongara, white54Cereal GrainsAustralia5065.824Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Doongara, white54Cereal GrainsAustralia5018524Holt, S.H.A. and J.B. Miller, Increased insulin responses to ingested foods are associated with lessened satiety. Appetite, 1995. 24(1): p. 43-54.Normal2h91995
Doongara rice, cooked in rice cooker 1355Cereal GrainsAustralia50NS25Kataoka, M., et al., Glycaemic responses to glucose and rice in people of Chinese and European ethnicity. Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association, 2013. 30(3): p. e101-7.Normal European2h312013
Doongara rice, cooked in rice cooker 1367Cereal GrainsAustralia50NS30Kataoka, M., et al., Glycaemic responses to glucose and rice in people of Chinese and European ethnicity. Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association, 2013. 30(3): p. e101-7.Normal Chinese2h322013
Jasmine rice, white Thai (Double FP brand, NTUC Fairprice Co-operative Ltd., Singapore), chewed 15 times68Cereal GrainsSingapore50NS31Ranawana, V., M.K.S. Leow, and C.J.K. Henry, Mastication effects on the glycaemic index: impact on variability and practical implications. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2014. 68(1): p. 137-9.Normal2h152014
Jasmine rice, cooked in rice cooker (SunRice; Ricegrowers Ltd., NSW, Australia)1368Cereal GrainsAustralia50NS31Kataoka, M., et al., Glycaemic responses to glucose and rice in people of Chinese and European ethnicity. Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association, 2013. 30(3): p. e101-7.Normal European2h312013
Jasmine rice, steamed for 30 min, 31.6 g rice cooked with 35 mL water (COFCO China)76Cereal GrainsThailand2531.634China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Jasmine Fragrant rice, white (SunRice brand, Ricegrowers Limited, Australia)79Cereal GrainsAustralia506336Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Jasmine Fragrant rice (SunRice, Ricegrowers Limited, NSW)80Cereal GrainsAustralia506336Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102011
Jasmine rice, cooked in rice cooker (SunRice; Ricegrowers Ltd., NSW, Australia) 1380Cereal GrainsAustralia50NS36Kataoka, M., et al., Glycaemic responses to glucose and rice in people of Chinese and European ethnicity. Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association, 2013. 30(3): p. e101-7.Normal Chinese2h322013
Jasmine long grain rice82Cereal GrainsCanada5062.537Jenkins, A.L., et al., Effect of adding the novel fiber, PGX R, to commonly consumed foods on glycemic response, glycemic index and GRIP: a simple and effective strategy for reducing post prandial blood glucose levels--a randomized, controlled trial. Nutrition Journal, 2010. 9: p. 58.Normal2h102010
Jasmine white rice (Uncle Ben's Jasmine Rice, Mars Canada, Bolton, Ontario, Canada)84Cereal GrainsCanada506038Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., Effects of added PGX R, a novel functional fibre, on the glycaemic index of starchy foods. British Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 108(2): p. 245-8.Normal2h102010
Jasmine rice, white Thai (Double FP brand, NTUC Fairprice Co-operative Ltd., Singapore); chewed 30 times88Cereal GrainsSingapore50NS40Ranawana, V., M.K.S. Leow, and C.J.K. Henry, Mastication effects on the glycaemic index: impact on variability and practical implications. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2014. 68(1): p. 137-9.Normal2h142014
Jasmine Fragrant rice, white (SunRice brand, Ricegrowers Limited, Australia)89Cereal GrainsAustralia506340Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Jasmine rice (Double FP Thai Hom Mali premium quality fragrant rice, Thailand) 1190Cereal GrainsThailand5063.641Tan, V.M.H., et al., Glycaemic and insulin responses, glycaemic index and insulinaemic index values of rice between three Asian ethnic groups. British Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 113(8): p. 1228-36.Normal2hAsian-Indian2015
Jasmine rice (Double FP Thai Hom Mali premium quality fragrant rice, Thailand) 1191Cereal GrainsThailand5063.641Tan, V.M.H., et al., Glycaemic and insulin responses, glycaemic index and insulinaemic index values of rice between three Asian ethnic groups. British Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 113(8): p. 1228-36.Normal2hChinese2015
Jasmine rice (Double FP Thai Hom Mali premium quality fragrant rice, Thailand) 1192Cereal GrainsThailand5063.641Tan, V.M.H., et al., Glycaemic and insulin responses, glycaemic index and insulinaemic index values of rice between three Asian ethnic groups. British Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 113(8): p. 1228-36.Normal2hMalay2015
Rice, white, Thai Hom Mali fragrant rice, cooked in rice cooker (NTUC Fairprice, Singapore)96Cereal GrainsSingapore5063.243Sun, L., et al., Effect of chicken, fat and vegetable on glycaemia and insulinaemia to a white rice-based meal in healthy adults. European Journal of Nutrition, 2014. 53(8): p. 1719-26.Normal3h122013
Jasmine rice, Jazzmen, cooked in rice cooker (Jazzmen Rice, Inc., USA) 11106Cereal GrainsUSA5068.848Truong, T.H., W.C. Yuet, and M.D. Hall, Glycemic index of American-grown jasmine rice classified as high. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2014. 65(4): p. 436-9.Normal2h122014
Jasmine rice, white, cooked in rice cooker (Golden World Foods, Bangkok, Thailand)109Cereal GrainsThailand5063.249Chan, H.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2001. 55(12): p. 1076-1083.Normal2h122000
Jasmine rice, Mahatma, cooked in rice cooker (Riviana Foods Inc., Thailand) 11115Cereal GrainsThailand5062.552Truong, T.H., W.C. Yuet, and M.D. Hall, Glycemic index of American-grown jasmine rice classified as high. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2014. 65(4): p. 436-9.Normal2h122014
Jasmine rice, Reindeer, cooked in rice cooker (Oriental Jasmine Rice Co., Thailand) 11116Cereal GrainsThailand5062.552Truong, T.H., W.C. Yuet, and M.D. Hall, Glycemic index of American-grown jasmine rice classified as high. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2014. 65(4): p. 436-9.Normal2h122014
Brown Doongara rice (SunRice; Ricegrowers Ltd., NSW, Australia)51Cereal GrainsAustralia5069.923Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Brown Doongara rice (SunRice; Ricegrowers Ltd., NSW, Australia)54Cereal GrainsAustralia5068.724Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Brown rice, boiled in excess water for 25 min (SunRice brand, Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)72Cereal GrainsAustralia5069.832Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92005
Brown rice87Cereal GrainsChina50NS39Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Brown rice (SunRice, Ricegrowers Ltd., NSW, Australia)1365Cereal GrainsAustralia50NS29Kataoka, M., et al., Glycaemic responses to glucose and rice in people of Chinese and European ethnicity. Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association, 2013. 30(3): p. e101-7.Normal European2h312013
Brown rice (SunRice, Ricegrowers Ltd., NSW, Australia)1378Cereal GrainsAustralia50NS35Kataoka, M., et al., Glycaemic responses to glucose and rice in people of Chinese and European ethnicity. Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association, 2013. 30(3): p. e101-7.Normal Chinese2h322013
Brown rice, variety Tai Ken #9; Oryza sativa L. japonica (Union Rice Company; Taipei), soaked overnight and cooked in a rice cooker2258Cereal GrainsTaiwan508426Lin, M.-H.A., et al., Glycemic index, glycemic load and insulinemic index of Chinese starchy foods. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2010. 16(39): p. 4973-9.Normal2h102010
Brown rice (0% polished), prepared from the Indian rice variety "Bapatla" (BPT-5204), pressure cooked for 8 min58Cereal GrainsIndia506726Shobana, S., et al., Even minimal polishing of an Indian parboiled brown rice variety leads to increased glycemic responses. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2017. 26(5): p. 829-836.Normal2h122017
Brown Rice, Uncle Ben's® Ready Whole Grain (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)48Cereal GrainsUSA50179.522Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Brown & Wild, Uncle Ben's® Ready Whole Grain Medley™ (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)45Cereal GrainsUSA50192.120Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Chicken Flavored Brown Rice, Uncle Ben's® Ready Whole Grain (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)46Cereal GrainsUSA50192.321Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Medium Grain Brown Rice in 90 sec, microwaved on high (SunRice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)59Cereal GrainsAustralia50147.127Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Long grain, white (Uncle Ben’s, Auckland, New Zealand)56Cereal GrainsNew Zealand50NS25Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h142000
Premium long grain, white (SunRice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)59Cereal GrainsAustralia5066.227Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Long grain, white, boiled 7 min (Star brand, Gouda Food Products, Canada)64Cereal GrainsCanada5064.829Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Long grain, boiled (Star Brand, Goudas Food Products, Canada)69Cereal GrainsCanada50NS31Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Determination of the glycaemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(3): p. 475-82.Normal2h472001
Long grain, boiled (Star Brand, Goudas Food Products, Canada)76Cereal GrainsCanada50NS34Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Determination of the glycaemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(3): p. 475-82.Normal2h212001
Long-grain rice (Indica-type long-grain rice, polished), cooked 15 min47Cereal GrainsUK5064.621Ranawana, D.V., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercially available rice and rice products in Great Britain. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60 Suppl 4: p. 99-110.Normal2h102009
Long grain, easy-cook (heat-treated white polished long-grain rice), cooked 15 min47Cereal GrainsUK5068.321Ranawana, D.V., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercially available rice and rice products in Great Britain. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60 Suppl 4: p. 99-110.Normal2h102009
DGI SunRice Low GI Rice, heated in microwave (Imported by Methuselah Shanghai Medical Technology from SunRice Australia) 49Cereal GrainsAustralia50148.422Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Instant Doongara, white, cooked 5 min (Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)94Cereal GrainsAustralia5017842Holt, S.H.A. and J.B. Miller, Increased insulin responses to ingested foods are associated with lessened satiety. Appetite, 1995. 24(1): p. 43-54.Normal2h91995
Instant rice, white, cooked 3 min46Cereal GrainsChina50NS21Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Instant rice, white, cooked 6 min87Cereal GrainsChina50NS39Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Long grain, white, pre-cooked, microwaved 2 min (Express Rice, plain, Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods, UK)52Cereal GrainsUK50164.523Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Long grain, white, cooked in microwave for 90 sec (Uncle Ben’s®, Masterfoods, Australia)59Cereal GrainsAustralia50162.327Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92011
Long Grain White Rice in 90 Seconds, microwaved (SunRice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)76Cereal GrainsAustralia50139.834Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Long Grain White Rice, steamed rice, heated in microwave for 40 sec (SunRice® brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)45Cereal GrainsAustralia50148.420Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102020
Long Grain & Wild, Uncle Ben's® Ready Rice (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)49Cereal GrainsUSA50177.922Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Original Long Grain, Uncle Ben's® Ready Rice pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)48Cereal GrainsUSA50162.822Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Rice, parboiled, pre-cooked, ready to eat (Riso Blond Espresso (Riso Gallo, Italy)67Cereal GrainsItaly5011630Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Steamed Low GI White Rice (SunRice® brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia), heated in microwave52Cereal GrainsAustralia50168.923Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Arborio, risotto rice, boiled (SunRice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)69Cereal GrainsAustralia50NS31Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Medium grain white rice, boiled 12 min (Sun Rice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)75Cereal GrainsAustralia5063.534Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Moolgiri white rice (Tajmahal Agro Industries, India)54Cereal GrainsIndia50NS24Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
White rice, NS83Cereal GrainsChina50NS37Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h122005
White rice, fully polished, prepared from the Indian rice variety "Bapatla" (BPT-5204), pressure cooked for 18 min80Cereal GrainsIndia507636Shobana, S., et al., Even minimal polishing of an Indian parboiled brown rice variety leads to increased glycemic responses. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2017. 26(5): p. 829-836.Normal2h122017
White rice, Carnaroli, regular (Scotti, Italy)64Cereal GrainsItaly506329Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
White rice, Ponni, cooked in rice cooker for 33 min70Cereal GrainsIndia5023632Shobana, S., et al., Glycaemic index of three Indian rice varieties. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2012. 63(2): p. 178-83.Normal2h232012
White rice, Ponni, refined, harvested 2013, pressure-cooked for 30 min81Cereal GrainsIndia5063.636Mohan, V., et al., Glycemic Index of a Novel High-Fiber White Rice Variety Developed in India--A Randomized Control Trial Study. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 2016. 18(3): p. 164-70.Normal2h252013
White rice, Ponni, refined, harvested 2014, pressure-cooked for 30 min77Cereal GrainsIndia506535Mohan, V., et al., Glycemic Index of a Novel High-Fiber White Rice Variety Developed in India--A Randomized Control Trial Study. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 2016. 18(3): p. 164-70.Normal2h152014
White rice, Sona Masuri variety, cooked in rice cooker for 35 min72Cereal GrainsIndia5023532Shobana, S., et al., Glycaemic index of three Indian rice varieties. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2012. 63(2): p. 178-83.Normal2h232012
White rice, Surti Kolam variety, cooked in rice cooker for 32 min77Cereal GrainsIndia5025935Shobana, S., et al., Glycaemic index of three Indian rice varieties. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2012. 63(2): p. 178-83.Normal2h232012
Rice porridge, made with Jasmine rice, steamed for 40 min, 31.6 g rice cooked with 250 mL water (COFCO China)80Cereal GrainsThailand2525036China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Rice porridge, NS 66Cereal GrainsChina50NS30Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Rice porridge, NS69Cereal GrainsChina50NS31Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Rice porridge, NS88Cereal GrainsAustralia50469.540Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92005
Rice porridge, made from rice bran19Cereal GrainsChina50NS9Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Rice porridge, made from black rice42Cereal GrainsChina50NS19Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Rice porridge, made from sticky rice65Cereal GrainsChina50NS29Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Broken rice, white, cooked in rice cooker (Lion foods, Bangkok, Thailand)86Cereal GrainsThailand5063.239Chan, H.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2001. 55(12): p. 1076-1083.Normal2h112000
Glutinous rice, white, cooked in rice cooker (Bangsue Chia Meng Rice Co., Bangkok, Thailand)94Cereal GrainsThailand5065.542Chan, H.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2001. 55(12): p. 1076-1083.Normal2h112000
Glutinous rice, white, cooked in rice cooker (Bangsue Chia Meng Rice Mill, Bangkok, Thailand)98Cereal GrainsThailand5065.544Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122001
Guilin rice vermicelli (Chinese rice vermicelli), cooked 8 min37Cereal GrainsUK5063.517Ranawana, D.V., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercially available rice and rice products in Great Britain. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60 Suppl 4: p. 99-110.Normal2h102009
Hassawi rice (Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia)59Cereal GrainsSaudi Arabia2595.627Al-Mssallem, M.Q., et al., A study of Hassawi rice (Oryza sativa L.) in terms of its carbohydrate hydrolysis (in vitro) and glycaemic and insulinaemic indices (in vivo). European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2011. 65(5): p. 627-34.Normal2h102011
High-fiber white rice, harvested 2013 (Kharif), pressure-cooked for 32 min59Cereal GrainsIndia506727Mohan, V., et al., Glycemic Index of a Novel High-Fiber White Rice Variety Developed in India--A Randomized Control Trial Study. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 2016. 18(3): p. 164-70.Normal2h252013
High-fiber white rice, harvested 2014 (Rabi), pressure-cooked for 32 min64Cereal GrainsIndia5010029Mohan, V., et al., Glycemic Index of a Novel High-Fiber White Rice Variety Developed in India--A Randomized Control Trial Study. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 2016. 18(3): p. 164-70.Normal2h252013
Japanese Style Sushi rice, white (SunRice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)85Cereal GrainsAustralia5066.238Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Jiangxi rice vermicelli (Chinese rice vermicelli), cooked for 8 min40Cereal GrainsUK5063.518Ranawana, D.V., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercially available rice and rice products in Great Britain. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60 Suppl 4: p. 99-110.Normal2h102009
Koshihikari rice, white (SunRice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia73Cereal GrainsAustralia5064.933Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Mighty Rice, short grain white rice, boiled for 16 min (VitaRice, Mauritius)48Cereal GrainsMauritius5073.522Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102010
Red Raw rice, Sri Lankan, cooked in rice cooker59Cereal GrainsSri Lanka5063.927Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Red rice, Thai, unpolished, cooked 25 min76Cereal GrainsUK5067.434Ranawana, D.V., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercially available rice and rice products in Great Britain. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60 Suppl 4: p. 99-110.Normal2h102009
Roasted Chicken Flavored, Uncle Ben's® Ready Rice (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)51Cereal GrainsUSA50176.723Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Santa Fe, Uncle Ben's® Ready Whole Grain Medley™ (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)48Cereal GrainsUSA50205.122Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Spanish Style, Uncle Ben's® Ready Rice (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)51Cereal GrainsUSA50170.723Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Sticky rice87Cereal GrainsChina50NS39Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Sticky rice88Cereal GrainsChina50NS40Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Sticky rice, high-amylose50Cereal GrainsChina50NS23Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Sticky rice, Thai glutinous rice, cooked for 10 min92Cereal GrainsUK5064.741Ranawana, D.V., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercially available rice and rice products in Great Britain. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2009. 60 Suppl 4: p. 99-110.Normal2h102009
Rice, under milled, minimally polished 2.3%, prepared from the Indian rice variety "Bapatla" (BPT-5204), pressure cooked for 10 min73Cereal GrainsIndia507133Shobana, S., et al., Even minimal polishing of an Indian parboiled brown rice variety leads to increased glycemic responses. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2017. 26(5): p. 829-836.Normal2h122017
Vegetable Harvest, Uncle Ben's® Ready Whole Grain Medley™ (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)48Cereal GrainsUSA50206.822Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Parboiled brown rice, Uncle Ben’s® Natural Wholegrain Instant brown rice, cooked for 20 min88Cereal GrainsIndia5076.940RamyaBai, M., et al., Glycemic Index and Microstructure Evaluation of Four Cereal Grain Foods. Journal of Food Science, 2019. 84(12): p. 3373-3382.Normal2h152019
Parboiled rice, cooked 20 min, Uncle Ben's Natur-reis® (Masterfoods, Belgium)64Cereal GrainsBelgium5071.829Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Parboiled rice, long grain white Uncle Ben's®54Cereal GrainsBelgium2545.924Al-Mssallem, M.Q., et al., A study of Hassawi rice (Oryza sativa L.) in terms of its carbohydrate hydrolysis (in vitro) and glycaemic and insulinaemic indices (in vivo). European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2011. 65(5): p. 627-34.Normal2h102011
Parboiled, long-grain rice (Harlem Foods AS, Oslo) 1157Cereal GrainsNorway50179.926Ballance, S., et al., Predicting mixed-meal measured glycaemic index in healthy subjects. European Journal of Nutrition, 2019. 58(7): p. 2657-2667.Normal2h132019
Parboiled, long grain, 10 min cooking time (Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods, Belgium)68Cereal GrainsBelgium5065.831Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Parboiled, long grain, 20 min cooking time (Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods, Belgium)75Cereal GrainsBelgium5066.134Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Rice, parboiled, NS51Cereal GrainsCanada506323Kendall, C.W.C., et al., The impact of pistachio intake alone or in combination with high-carbohydrate foods on post-prandial glycemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2011. 65(6): p. 696-702.Normal2h102010
Parboiled rice, NS (Riso Blond Risotti, Riso Gallo, Italy)53Cereal GrainsItaly505924Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Parboiled rice, NS (Uncle Ben’s, Masterfoods Australia New Zealand, NSW, Australia)1357Cereal GrainsAustralia50NS26Kataoka, M., et al., Glycaemic responses to glucose and rice in people of Chinese and European ethnicity. Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association, 2013. 30(3): p. e101-7.Normal European2h312013
Parboiled rice, NS (Riso Blond Veloce e Versatile, Riso Gallo, Italy)61Cereal GrainsItaly506427Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Parboiled rice, NS (Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods Australia New Zealand, NSW, Australia)1372Cereal GrainsAustralia50NS32Kataoka, M., et al., Glycaemic responses to glucose and rice in people of Chinese and European ethnicity. Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association, 2013. 30(3): p. e101-7.Normal Chinese2h322013
Parboiled rice, white, cooked 5 min, Uncle Ben's Snabbris® (Masterfoods, Belgium)74Cereal GrainsBelgium5062.133Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Rice, whole-meal, parboiled (Riso Blond Integrale, Riso Gallo, Italy)56Cereal GrainsItaly506625Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Durum wheat, precooked, cooked 20 min (Ebly, Chateaudun, France)52Cereal GrainsFrance5075.323Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Durum wheat, precooked, cooked 10 min (Ebly, France)50Cereal GrainsFrance5075.323Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Durum wheat, precooked in pouch, reheated in microwave, Ebly Express (Ebly, France)40Cereal GrainsFrance50159.218Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Wheat, pearled (Grano, Barilla, Italy)72Cereal GrainsItaly507732Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92009
Whole wheat powder42Cereal GrainsChina50NS19Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Wheat flour, raw (2005 from Griffith NSW, Chara, Row10, Plot 6:181), consumed suspended in 250 mL water22Cereal GrainsAustralia50NS10Dona, A.C., et al., (1)H NMR spectroscopy for the in vitro understanding of the glycaemic index. British Journal of Nutrition, 2013. 109(11): p. 1934-9.Normal2h102009
Wheat flour, raw, consumed suspended in 250 mL water (Coles Smart Buy Plain Flour, Coles Supermarkets Pty Ltd)20Cereal GrainsAustralia5068.99Dona, A.C., et al., (1)H NMR spectroscopy for the in vitro understanding of the glycaemic index. British Journal of Nutrition, 2013. 109(11): p. 1934-9.Normal2h102009
Beta Flour (oat, flaxseed, buckwheat, pearl barley, soybean and wheat flours), tested prepared with water, steamed (Inner Mongolia Golden Flax Biotech Pty Ltd, China)27Cereal GrainsChina5087.112Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Mixed cereals powder, NS58Cereal GrainsChina50NS26Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
3 Cereals (rice, oat, kamut) (Riso Gallo, Italy)41Cereal GrainsItaly506718Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
3 Cereals (rice, spelt, barley) (Riso Gallo, Italy)44Cereal GrainsItaly506520Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Cereal powder, various cereals NS58Cereal GrainsChina50NS26Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Teff, brown (Macro brand, Woolworths Australia Pty Ltd), boiled in water for 15 min57Cereal GrainsAustralia5076.926Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Spelt, pearled (Farro, Barilla, Italy)63Cereal GrainsItaly507528Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92009
Apricot Temptation fruit cookies, 97% fat-free (Freedom Foods, Australia)47CookiesAustralia5078.79International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102007
Barquette Abricot (LU, Ris, Orangis, France)71CookiesFrance506514Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate (LU, Czech Republic)46CookiesCzech Republic5072.29Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122002
Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate (LU, Czech Republic)46CookiesCzech Republic50729Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122006
Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate (Opavia/LU, Czech Republic)57CookiesCzech Republic50NS11V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 1996-2000. J Dzieniszewski, J Ciok (National Food and Nutrition Institute, Poland), unpublished observations, 1996-2001.Normal2h111996-2000
Bebe Dobre Rano Coconut (LU, Czech Republic)48CookiesCzech Republic506910Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122002
Bebe Dobre Rano Four Cereals (LU, Czech Republic)51CookiesCzech Republic5071.410Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122007
Bebe Dobre Rano Honey and Hazelnuts (Opavia/LU, Czech Republic)51CookiesCzech Republic50NS10V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 1996-2000. J Dzieniszewski, J Ciok (National Food and Nutrition Institute, Poland), unpublished observations, 1996-2001.Normal2h111996-2000
Bebe Dobre Rano Nuts and Honey (LU, Czech Republic)41CookiesCzech Republic5070.48Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122002
Bebe Dobre Rano Nuts and Honey (LU, Czech Republic)45CookiesCzech Republic5071.59Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122006
Bebe Dobre Rano with Milk (LU, Czech Republic)50CookiesCzech Republic5070.410Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122003
Bebe Jemne Susenky (Opavia/LU, Czech Republic)67CookiesCzech Republic50NS13V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 1996-2000. J Dzieniszewski, J Ciok (National Food and Nutrition Institute, Poland), unpublished observations, 1996-2001.Normal2h111996-2000
Better Choice Multicereals (LU, Denmark)51CookiesDenmark50NS10Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122004
Better Choice Wholegrain (LU Denmark)46CookiesDenmark50NS9Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112004
Biscuit, Danone, NS39CookiesChina50NS8Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Biscuit, Danone, NS47CookiesChina50NS9Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Biscuit, NS72CookiesChina50NS14Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Biscuit, thin, NS81CookiesChina50NS16Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Biscuits, rolled oat, wholemeal wheat flour, wheat fibre (Gran Cereale Classico, Italy)649CookiesItaly5085.910Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102005
Biscuits, wheat flour, butter, cream (Macine, Italy)652CookiesItaly5075.610Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102006
Biscuits, wheat flour, oat flour, wholemeal buckwheat flour (6.2%) (Molinetti, Italy)658CookiesItaly5077.312Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102006
Biscuit, wholegrain54CookiesUSA508211Tan, W.S.K., et al., The glycaemic index and insulinaemic index of commercially available breakfast and snack foods in an Asian population. British Journal of Nutrition, 2018. 119(10): p. 1151-1156.Normal2h192018
Biscuits, wholegrain, filled with peanut butter44CookiesUSA501029Tan, W.S.K., et al., The glycaemic index and insulinaemic index of commercially available breakfast and snack foods in an Asian population. British Journal of Nutrition, 2018. 119(10): p. 1151-1156.Normal2h192018
Breakfast biscuit (Frollino), gluten free (Dr Schär AG/SPA, Italy)2537CookiesItaly50667Scazzina, F., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercial gluten-free foods. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(6): p. 1021-6.Normal2h102015
Chocolate chip cookies, containing wheat flour and coconut flour 44CookiesPhilippines50NS9Trinidad, T.P., et al., Glycaemic index of different coconut (Cocos nucifera)-flour products in normal and diabetic subjects. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 90(3): p. 551-556.Normal2h102002
Cookie, fiber enriched (Bahlsen GmbH&Co.KG, Hannover, Germany)1142CookiesGermany5084.58Schuchardt, J.P., et al., Glycemic index and microstructure analysis of a newly developed fiber enriched cookie. Food & Function, 2016. 7(1): p. 464-74.Normal2h262016
Cookie, decreased GI variant (sugar-to-flour ratio: 0.45)37CookiesBelgium2562.57Vrolix, R. and R.P. Mensink, Variability of the glycemic response to single food products in healthy subjects. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 2010. 31(1): p. 5-11.Normal2h102010
Digestives39CookiesUK5079.78Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Evergreen met Krenten (LU, Netherlands)66CookiesNetherlands50NS13V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 1996-2000.Normal2h121996-2000
Fior di Latte (Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)47CookiesItaly50709Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92012
Gemme Integrali (Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)46CookiesItaly50809Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92012
Gingerbread cookies66CookiesAustralia5070.113Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92016
Golden Flaxseed biscuits (SCIQ Biotech Pty Ltd, Australia)36CookiesAustralia50106.27Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102020
Gran Cereale Cioccolato (Grancereale, Barilla, Italy)52CookiesItaly508110Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92010
Gran Cereale Frutta (Grancereale, Barilla, Italy)51CookiesItaly508710Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92010
Gran Cereale Classico (Grancereale, Barilla, Italy)49CookiesItaly508610Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102005
Gran'Dia Banana, Oats and Honey (LU, Brazil)28CookiesBrazil50656Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Gran'Dia Chocolate with five cereals (Danone, Brazil)39CookiesBrazil50698Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Grany en-cas Abricot (LU, France)55CookiesFrance50NS11International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h121996-2000
Grany en-cas Fruits des bois (LU, France)50CookiesFrance50NS10V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 1996-2000.Normal2h141996-2000
Grany Rush Apricot (LU, Netherlands)62CookiesNetherlands50NS12Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122000
Grain biscuit, Mixed Berry flavor (belVita, Mondel?z, Shanghai, China)55CookiesChina5087.511China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122019
Grain biscuits, Milk & Cereal flavor (belVita, Mondel?z, Shanghai, China)53CookiesChina5078.111China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122020
Györi Édes Jó reggelt! Müzlivel és gyümölccsel / Fruits and Muesli (LU Hungary)45CookiesHungary5069.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112002
Györi Édes Jó reggelt! Müzlivel és gyümölccsel / Fruits and Muesli (LU Hungary)49CookiesHungary5069.310Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112003
Györi Édes Jó reggelt! Müzlivel és gyümölccsel / Fruits and Muesli (LU Hungary)47CookiesHungary5069.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122004
Jo Reggelt Fruits and Figs (LU, Hungary)41CookiesHungary50NS8Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112004
Jubilee Nuts and Honey (LU, Russia)44CookiesRussia5072.19Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112002
Jubilee Nuts and Honey (LU, Russia)45CookiesRussia5074.29Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122003
Jyväshyvä Paussi Mysli and Fruits (LU Finland)45CookiesFinland5069.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112002
Jyväshyvä Paussi Mysli and Fruits (LU Finland)49CookiesFinland5069.310Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112003
Jyväshyvä Paussi Mysli and Fruits (LU Finland)47CookiesFinland5069.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122004
Jyväshyvä Paussi Vanilla (LU Finland)55CookiesFinland50NS11Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112004
Jyväshyvä Paussi Vanilla (LU Finland)39CookiesFinland50NS8Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122006
Jyväshyvä Paussi Wholegrain (LU Finland)46CookiesFinland50NS9Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112004
Kingston, butternut cookies with chocolate filling (Arnott’s Pty Ltd, Australia)48CookiesAustralia5081.310Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Leda Luxury gluten-free chocolate coated cookies (Leda Nutrition, QLD, Australia)35CookiesAustralia50111.17Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
LU P'tit Déjeuner Chocolat (LU, France)42CookiesFrance50738Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat (LU, France)45CookiesFrance50719Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat (LU, France)49CookiesFrance50NS10V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 1996-2000. J Dzieniszewski, J Ciok (National Food and Nutrition Institute, Poland), unpublished observations, 1996-2001.Normal2h111996-2000
LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat (LU, France)52CookiesFrance5076.110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122000
LU Petit Dejeuner, Chocolate, low in sugar (LU France)51CookiesFrance5069.110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112004
LU Petit Dejeuner Chocolate & Cereals (LU, France)46CookiesFrance5070.79Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112003
LU Petit Dejeuner Chocolate & Cereals (LU, France)58CookiesFrance5071.412Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122006
LU Petit Dejeuner Cereals & Chocolate Chips, low in sugar (LU France, LU Belgium, LU Czech Republic)37CookiesNS50NS7Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112004
LU Petit Dejeuner Coconut, nuts and chocolate (LU France)55CookiesFrance5071.811Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122005
LU Petit Dejeuner Coconut, nuts and chocolate (LU France)51CookiesFrance5074.110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122006
LU Petit Dejeuner Fruits and Muesli (LU France)45CookiesFrance5069.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112002
LU Petit Dejeuner Fruits and Muesli (LU France)49CookiesFrance5069.310Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112003
LU Petit Dejeuner Fruits and Muesli (LU France)47CookiesFrance5069.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122004
LU Petit Dejeuner Honey & Chocolate chips (LU France)47CookiesFrance5070.79Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112003
LU Petit Dejeuner Honey & Chocolate chips (LU France)46CookiesFrance5071.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112006
LU Petit Dejeuner Milk and Cereals (LU France, LU Belgium)55CookiesNS5072.711Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112004
LU Petit Dejeuner Milk and Cereals (LU France, LU Belgium)39CookiesNS5074.18Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122006
LU Petit Dejeuner Multicereals (LU France, LU Belgium)46CookiesNS50NS9Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112004
LU Petit Dejeuner with Fruits and Figs (LU France, LU Belgium)41CookiesNS50NS8Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112004
LU Petit Dejeuner with Prunes (LU, France)51CookiesFrance5074.510Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122006
Macaroons, containing wheat flour and with coconut flour32CookiesPhilippines50NS6Trinidad, T.P., et al., Glycaemic index of different coconut (Cocos nucifera)-flour products in normal and diabetic subjects. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 90(3): p. 551-556.Normal2h102002
Maltmeal wafer (Griffin's Foods Ltd., New Zealand)50CookiesNew Zealand50NS10Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h102000
Montana Chocolate Chip Cookies (Kinnikinnic Foods Inc., Edmonton. AB, Canada)43CookiesCanada5063.29Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hwomen2009
Montana Chocolate Chip Cookies (Kinnikinnic Foods Inc., Edmonton. AB, Canada)42CookiesCanada5063.28Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hmen2009
Montana Chocolate Chip Cookies (Kinnikinnic Foods Inc., Edmonton. AB, Canada)42CookiesCanada5063.28Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hCaucasian2009
Montana Chocolate Chip Cookies (Kinnikinnic Foods Inc., Edmonton. AB, Canada)42CookiesCanada5063.28Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hNon-Caucasian2009
Montana Chocolate Chip Cookies (Kinnikinnic Foods Inc., Edmonton. AB, Canada)42CookiesCanada5063.28Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2h?40 y2009
Montana Chocolate Chip Cookies (Kinnikinnic Foods Inc., Edmonton. AB, Canada)43CookiesCanada5063.29Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2h>40 y2009
Montana Chocolate Chip Cookies (Kinnikinnic Foods Inc., Edmonton. AB, Canada)43CookiesCanada5063.29Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hlean2009
Montana Chocolate Chip Cookies (Kinnikinnic Foods Inc., Edmonton. AB, Canada)41CookiesCanada5063.28Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hoverweight2009
Nutrigrain Fruits des bois (Kellogg's, France)57CookiesFrance5079.711Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122000
Oat biscuit45CookiesUK5082.29Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Oat biscuit55CookiesChina50NS11Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Oat biscuit, Nairn's™ Stem Ginger Oat Biscuit (Nairn's Oatcakes Ltd, Edinburgh, Scotland)55CookiesUK5073.511C Dalaudier (Nairn’s Oatcakes Ltd, Scotland), unpublished observations, 2007.Normal2h102007
Oro (Saiwa, Italy)61CookiesItaly506212Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Pavesini (Pavesi, Barilla, Italy)52CookiesItaly255710Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102004
Petiki Go ! Fruits and Muesli (LU, Poland)45CookiesPoland5069.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112002
Petiki Go ! Fruits and Muesli (LU, Poland)49CookiesPoland5069.310Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112003
Petiki Go ! Fruits and Muesli (LU, Poland)47CookiesPoland5069.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122004
Petit brun extra (LU, France)77CookiesFrance506215Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Petit LU Normand (LU, France)51CookiesFrance50NS10Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122000
Petit LU Roussillon (LU, France)48CookiesFrance50NS10Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122000
President's Choice® Blue Menu™ Cranberry Orange Cookies (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)60CookiesCanada50NS12INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
President's Choice® Blue Menu™ Crunchy Oat Cookies (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)62CookiesCanada50NS12INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
President's Choice® Blue Menu™ Ginger & Lemon Cookies (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)64CookiesCanada50NS13INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Prince Energie+ (LU, France)73CookiesFrance50NS15Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122000
Prince fourré chocolat (LU, France)50CookiesFrance50NS10V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 1996-2000.Normal2h121996-2000
Prince fourré chocolat (LU, France)53CookiesFrance50NS11V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 1996-2000.Normal2h131996-2000
Prince gout chocolat (LU, France)53CookiesFrance506911Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Prince Petit Déj Cereals (LU, France)52CookiesFrance50NS10Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122003
Prince Petit Déj Cereals and Chocolate (LU, France)51CookiesFrance5071.810Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122004
Prince Petit Déjeuner Vanille (LU, France and Spain)45CookiesNS50NS9V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 1996-2000.Normal2h121996-2000
Principe megamanana vanilla (LU, Spain)45CookiesSpain50699Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Rich Tea40CookiesUK5070.28Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Rotary-Molded biscuit1148CookiesFrance5067.410Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h152019
Rotary-Molded biscuit1147CookiesFrance5067.49Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h152019
Rotary-Molded biscuit1145CookiesFrance5067.49Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h132019
Sablé des Flandres (LU, France)57CookiesFrance50NS11V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 1996-2000.Normal2h121996-2000
Sandwich Rotary-Molded biscuit1144CookiesFrance5063.89Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h152019
Sandwich Rotary-Molded biscuit1156CookiesFrance5063.811Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h152019
Sandwich Rotary-Molded biscuit1152CookiesFrance5063.810Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h132019
Segreti di Bosco (Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)53CookiesItaly507311Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92012
Snack Right Fruit Pillow, Apple and blackberry (Arnotts, Australia)43CookiesAustralia5076.29Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Snack Right Fruit Pillow, Spicy apple and sultana (Arnotts, Australia)45CookiesAustralia5076.29Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Snack Right Fruit Pillow, Wild berry (Arnott's, Australia)52CookiesAustralia5070.810Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Snack Right Fruit Slice, Mango and passionfruit (Arnott's, Australia)49CookiesAustralia5070.110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Snack Right Fruit Slice, Mixed berry (Arnott's, Australia)50CookiesAustralia5070.710Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Snack Right Fruit Slice, Original Sultana (97% fat-free) (Arnott's, Australia)48CookiesAustralia5072.710Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Snack Right Fruit Slice, Sultana with chocolate (Arnott's, Australia)45CookiesAustralia5075.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Sweet biscuit47CookiesUK50NS9Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index of common foods tested in the UK and India. British Journal of Nutrition, 2008. 99(4): p. 840-5.Normal Caucasian2h102007
Sweet biscuit63CookiesUK50NS13Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index of common foods tested in the UK and India. British Journal of Nutrition, 2008. 99(4): p. 840-5.Normal Asian2h102007
Sweetmeal biscuit39CookiesUK50NS8Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index of common foods tested in the UK and India. British Journal of Nutrition, 2008. 99(4): p. 840-5.Normal Caucasian2h102007
Sweetmeal biscuit42CookiesUK50NS8Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index of common foods tested in the UK and India. British Journal of Nutrition, 2008. 99(4): p. 840-5.Normal Asian2h102007
Thé (LU, France)41CookiesFrance50648Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-14202
Véritable Petit Beurre (LU, France)51CookiesFrance506710Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Véritable Petit Beurre (LU, France)54CookiesFrance5065.111Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122002
Véritable Petit Beurre (LU, France)54CookiesFrance5063.311Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112006
Vitasnella frollini (Saiwa, Italy)59CookiesItaly506112Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
BBQ Shapes, savory crackers (Arnott’s Pty Ltd, Australia) 48CrackersAustralia50797Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102010
Choice grain crackers (Jacob’s Bakery, UK)49CrackersUK5076.37Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Crispbread, soft wheat flour (54%), rye flour (36%), pumpkin seeds (7.5%) (Spianate croccanti con semi di zucca, Grancereale, Barilla, Italy)53CrackersItaly50828Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Corn Thins, puffed corn cakes, gluten-free (Real Foods, St Peters, Australia)87CrackersAustralia5068.813Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Cracker1151CrackersFrance5075.98Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h152019
Cracker1161CrackersFrance5075.99Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h152019
Cracker1160CrackersFrance5075.99Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Glycemic Index and Insulinemic Index of Foods: An Interlaboratory Study Using the ISO 2010 Method. Nutrients, 2019. 11(9).Normal2h132019
Crackers, soft wheat flour, salty (Cracker integrali Sfoglia di grano, Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)63CrackersItaly50819Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102010
Crackers, whole-meal soft wheat flour (Cracker salati Sfoglia di grano, Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)63CrackersItaly50729Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102010
Cream cracker (LU Triumfo, Brazil)64CrackersBrazil507510Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Grain cracker (Bestore, Wuhan, China)25CrackersChina501004China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122020
Bread stick, Grissini Fibra Activa (with psyllium and oat) (Panmonviso, Italy)52CrackersItaly501108Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h122008
Bread stick, Grissini classici friabili (Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)66CrackersItaly506810Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102004
Protein cracker, Cheese (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia)22CrackersAustralia25174.63Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Protein cracker, Mediterranean (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia)31CrackersAustralia25116.85Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Protein cracker, Natural (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia)24CrackersAustralia25139.14Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Protein cracker, Olive (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia)29CrackersAustralia25102.34Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Protein cracker, Spicy (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia)26CrackersAustralia25100.14Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Protein cracker, Zatar (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia)27CrackersAustralia25106.84Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
High-calcium cracker (Jacob’s, Malaysia)52CrackersMalaysia50728Englyst, K.N., et al., Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 89(3): p. 329-339.Normal2h11-142002
Melba toast/Rusk, wheat flour (Fette Biscottate Le Dorate, Italy)664CrackersItaly5066.310Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102005
Melba toast/Rusk, soft wheat flour, whole-meal barley flour (10%), rolled oat (2%) (Fette biscottate Cuori di orzo, Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)45CrackersItaly50727Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92012
Melba toast/Rusk, soft wheat flour, bran and rolled oat, with psyllium and soluble fibers (Fette biscottate Fibra Activa, Panmonviso, Italy)47CrackersItaly501117Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Melba Toast/Rusk, whole-meal wheat flour (50.1%), soft wheat flour (Fette Biscottate Le Integrali, Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)73CrackersItaly507211Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92005
Melba Toast/Rusk made with rice, oat, wheat, corn, barley and rye (Fette Biscottate Le cereal,(Mulino Bianco, Barilla, Italy)69CrackersItaly506710F Brighenti, unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
9 Grain cracker68CrackersAustralia5080.310Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Ancient Grains snack crackers, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)65CrackersCanada50NS10INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Wheat & Onion snack crackers, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)60CrackersCanada50NS9INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Wheat & Sesame snack crackers, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)56CrackersCanada50NS8INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Wheat snack crackers, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)65CrackersCanada50NS10INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Puffed rice cakes, Calrose rice, low-amylose (Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)91CrackersAustralia506114Holt, S.H.A. and J.B. Miller, Increased insulin responses to ingested foods are associated with lessened satiety. Appetite, 1995. 24(1): p. 43-54.Normal2h91995
Puffed rice cakes, Doongara rice, high-amylose (Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)61CrackersAustralia50639Holt, S.H.A. and J.B. Miller, Increased insulin responses to ingested foods are associated with lessened satiety. Appetite, 1995. 24(1): p. 43-54.Normal2h91995
Puffed rice cakes, caramel flavored82CrackersUSA2528.112Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Rice cracker, plain (Sakada, Japan)91CrackersJapan50NS14Sugiyama, M., et al., Glycemic index of single and mixed meal foods among common Japanese foods with white rice as a reference food. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(6): p. 743-752.Normal2h102003
Rye crackers with oats64CrackersUK5078.610Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Rye crackers with sesame57CrackersUK50779Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Pumpkin Seeds & Oats cracker, Ryvita® (George Weston Foods, North Ryde, Australia)46CrackersAustralia50NS7B Spratt (George Weston Foods, Australia), unpublished observation.Normal2h102007
Sunflower Seeds & Oats cracker, Ryvita® (George Weston Foods, North Ryde, Australia)48CrackersAustralia50NS7B Spratt (George Weston Foods, Australia), unpublished observation.Normal2h102007
Wholewheat crackers with pumpkin and thyme36CrackersUK5081.65Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Wholegrain crackers with sesame seeds and rosemary53CrackersUK5080.38Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Wholewheat sticks, crunchy, yeast extract flavored50CrackersUK5087.38Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Custard, low-fat, vanilla flavored (Nestlé, Australia)29Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50520.86International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
No Bake Egg Custard, prepared from powder with whole milk (Nestlé, Australia)35Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25NS7Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Reduced-fat custard, TRIM™ (Pauls Ltd, Brisbane, Australia)37Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50347.27Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Custard, low-fat, trifle flavored (Nestlé, Australia)30Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia506256International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h112006-2007
Crème fraiche dessert, peach (Finest, UK)28Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25320.56Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Crème fraiche dessert, raspberry (Finest, UK)30Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25446.46Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Fromage Frais, red fruit: blackcurrant (Healthy Living, UK)22Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25416.74Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Fromage Frais, red fruit: raspberry (Healthy Living, UK)31Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25441.26Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Fromage Frais, red fruit: red cherry (Healthy Living, UK)25Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25416.75Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Fromage Frais, red fruit: strawberry (Healthy Living, UK)29Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25454.56Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Fromage Frais, yellow fruit: mandarin and orange (Healthy Living, UK)19Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25428.64Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Fruche®, low-fat, apricot vanilla honey (National Foods Ltd, Melbourne, Australia)34Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50337.87Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Fruche®, low-fat, berry compote (National Foods Ltd, Melbourne, Australia)37Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50357.17Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Fruche®, low-fat, duet peach on pineapple (National Foods Ltd, Melbourne, Australia)34Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50340.17Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Fruche®, low-fat, lemon sorbetto (National Foods Ltd, Melbourne, Australia)34Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50342.57Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Fruche®, low-fat, orange sorbetto (National Foods Ltd, Melbourne, Australia)34Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50359.77Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Fruche®, low-fat, peach roulade (National Foods Ltd, Melbourne, Australia)37Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50352.17Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Fruche® on Fruit, low-fat, toffee apple (National Foods Ltd, Melbourne, Australia)47Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50226.29Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Ice-cream, low-fat chocolate flavored, Chocollo™ (Wendy's Supa Sundaes Pty Ltd, Australia)24Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50331.15Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Ice cream, low-fat, Bulla Light Creamy vanilla (Regal Cream Products, VIC, Australia)36Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50193.87Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Ice cream, low-fat, Bulla Light Real Dairy chocolate (Regal Cream Products, VIC, Australia)27Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50194.65Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Ice cream, low-fat, Bulla Light Real Dairy English Toffee (Regal Cream Products, VIC, Australia)27Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50198.45Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Ice cream, low-fat, Bulla Light Real Dairy Mango (Regal Cream Products, Australia)30Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50196.96Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Ice cream, low-fat, Light & Creamy, Raspberry Ripple (Nestlé Peter's, Australia)55Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50160.811Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
Ice-cream, low-fat,1.2% fat, Light Prestige rich vanilla (Norco, Australia)47Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia251339Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Ice-cream, low-fat, 1.4% fat, Light Prestige traditional toffee (Norco, Australia)37Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25106.47Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Ice-cream, reduced-fat, 7.1% fat, Prestige golden macadamia (Norco, Australia)37Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25118.57Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Ice cream, low-fat, vanilla, 'Light' (Nestlé Peter's, Australia)46Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50172.49Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Ice cream, low-fat, Blueberry Pomegranate flavor (ProYo, USA)32Dairy Products and AlternativesUSA50NS6INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Ice cream, low-fat, Chocolate Toffee flavor (ProYo, USA)25Dairy Products and AlternativesUSA50NS5INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Ice cream, low-fat, Coconut flavor (ProYo, USA)39Dairy Products and AlternativesUSA50NS8INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Ice cream, low-fat, Dutch Chocolate flavor (ProYo, USA)34Dairy Products and AlternativesUSA50NS7INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Ice cream, low-fat, Mint Chip flavor (ProYo, USA)34Dairy Products and AlternativesUSA50NS7INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Ice cream, low-fat, Mocha flavor (ProYo, USA)37Dairy Products and AlternativesUSA50NS7INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Ice cream, low-fat, Vanilla Bean flavor (ProYo, USA)39Dairy Products and AlternativesUSA50NS8INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Ice cream, premium, Ultra chocolate, 15% fat (Sara Lee, Gosford, NSW, Australia)37Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50263.27Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Ice cream, premium, French vanilla, 16% fat (Sara Lee, Australia)38Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50277.88Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Ice-cream, , low-fat chocolate flavored Chocollo™, eaten with a plain cone (Wendy's Supa Sundaes Pty Ltd, Australia)44Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50276.19Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Ice-cream, low-fat chocolate flavored, Chocollo™, eaten with a waffle cone (Wendy's Supa Sundaes Pty Ltd, Australia)55Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50199.911Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Gelati, sucrose-free frozen dessert, chocolate flavor (Alba Foods, Newtown, Australia)37Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50185.97Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Gelati, sucrose-free frozen dessert, vanilla flavor (Alba Foods, Newtown, Australia)39Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50182.58Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Ice fruit confection, Frosty Fruits® Orange Mango Splits (Nestlé Peter's, Australia)59Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50216.512Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
Kefir, low-fat, plain (Lifeway Foods, Chicago, USA)36Dairy Products and AlternativesUSA256674Kong, K.L. and S. Hendrich, Glycemic index, insulinemic index, and satiety index of kefir. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2012. 31(4): p. 280-7.Normal2h102012
Kefir, low-fat strawberry (Lifeway Foods, Chicago, USA)60Dairy Products and AlternativesUSA5054612Kong, K.L. and S. Hendrich, Glycemic index, insulinemic index, and satiety index of kefir. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2012. 31(4): p. 280-7.Normal2h102012
Kefir, orange flavor (Lifeway Foods, Chicago, USA)48Dairy Products and AlternativesUSA5054810Kong, K.L. and S. Hendrich, Glycemic index, insulinemic index, and satiety index of kefir. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2012. 31(4): p. 280-7.Normal2h102012
Milk, condensed, sweetened (Nestlé, Australia)61Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia5090.26Chan, H.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2001. 55(12): p. 1076-1083.Normal2h112000
Full-fat, milk30Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25548.53Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h132018
Full-fat, pasteurized, fresh, organic milk (Arla, UK)34Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25520.83Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Full-fat, standardized, homogenized, pasteurized, British (Dairy Crest, UK)46Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25531.95Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Banana, honey and malt flavored milk31Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50555.56Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Coffee chocolate flavored milk, Masters® mocha (National Foods Ltd, Australia)32Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50510.26Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Milk, reduced fat (Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia)26Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25428.23Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Milk, semi-skimmed, pasteurized, organic (Arla, UK)34Dairy Products and AlternativesUK255003Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Pura™ HiLo milk (National Foods Ltd, Australia) 20Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50862.12Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Pura™ Skimmer milk (National Foods Ltd, Australia)20Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50862.12Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Pura™ Light Start milk (National Foods Ltd, Australia)30Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50479.73Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Pura™ Tone milk (National Foods Ltd, Australia)30Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50419.73Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Flavored milk, chocolate or strawberry, Big M™ (National Foods Ltd, Australia)37Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25277.87Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Flavored milk, chocolate or mocha, Masters® Light, 99% fat free (National Foods Ltd, Australia)27Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50561.85Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Flavored milk, chocolate or strawberry, Masters®, reduced fat, (National Foods Ltd, Australia)35Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50531.97Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Flavored milk, Rush® Heavenly Vanilla Malt milk 31Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50490.26Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Flavored milk, Rush® Intense Coffee milk24Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia504575Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Flavored milk, Rush® Ultimate Chocolate milk26Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50537.65Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Flavored milk, Rush® Wicked Latte milk26Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50473.25Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Milkshake, made from Chocollo™, low-fat chocolate ice cream, skim milk and malted milk powder (Wendy's Supa Sundaes Pty Ltd, Australia)21Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50423.24Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92006
Nestlé Milo Combo mousse (Nestlé, Australia)42Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50289.78International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h112006
Nestlé Milo flavored mousse (Nestlé, Australia)46Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50254.89International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h122006
Butterscotch, 1.9% fat (Nestlé, Australia), prepared from commercial mousse mix with water36Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia5082.57Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Chocolate, 2% fat (Nestlé, Australia), prepared from commercial mousse mix with water31Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50NS6Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Citrus (Nestlé, Australia), prepared from commercial mousse mix with water47Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50NS9Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Hazelnut, 2.4% fat (Nestlé, Australia), prepared from commercial mousse mix with water36Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia5081.37Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Mango, 1.8% fat (Nestlé, Australia), prepared from commercial mousse mix with water33Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia5076.47Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Mixed berry, 2.2% fat (Nestlé, Australia), prepared from commercial mousse mix with water36Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia5081.37Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Strawberry, 2.3% fat (Nestlé, Australia), prepared from commercial mousse mix with water32Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia5082.56Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Flavored milk pudding, chocolate (Danette al cioccolato, Danone, Italy)51Dairy Products and AlternativesItaly2515210Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92011
Flavored milk pudding, chocolate, made from powder and whole milk, instant (White Wings, Australia)47Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50NS9Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Flavored milk pudding, vanilla, made from powder and whole milk, instant (White Wings, Australia)40Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50NS8Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Milk rice pudding, Yoplait Le Rice®, Apple & Cinnamon flavor (National Foods Ltd, Australia)52Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50238.110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Milk rice pudding, Yoplait Le Rice®, Apricot & Almond Muesli flavor (National Foods Ltd, Australia)45Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50231.59Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Milk rice pudding, Yoplait Le Rice®, Caramel flavor (National Foods Ltd, Australia)41Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50235.88Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Milk rice pudding, Yoplait Le Rice®, Forest Berries flavor (National Foods Ltd, Australia)45Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50247.59Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Milk rice pudding, Yoplait Le Rice®, Lemon Meringue flavor (National Foods Ltd, Australia)54Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50264.611Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102010
Milk rice pudding, Yoplait Le Rice®, Mocha flavor (National Foods Ltd, Australia)46Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50267.49Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102009
Milk rice pudding, Yoplait Le Rice®, Raspberry & Apple flavor (National Foods Ltd)52Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50235.810Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Milk rice pudding, Yoplait Le Rice®, Strawberry flavor (National Foods Ltd)54Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50235.811Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Milk rice pudding, Yoplait Le Rice®, Tropical Mango flavor (National Foods Ltd)54Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50238.111Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Milk rice pudding, Yoplait Le Rice®, Vanilla flavor (National Foods Ltd)43Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50243.99Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Yoghurt, black cherry (Finest, UK)17Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25312.53Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Yoghurt, black cherry (Healthy Living Light, UK)67Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25287.413Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Yoghurt, bourbon vanilla (Finest, UK)64Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25260.413Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Yoghurt, Devonshire fudge (Finest, UK)37Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25223.27Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Yoghurt, Greek style, honey topped (UK)36Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25367.67Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, Jalna Premium Creamy Vanilla (Jalna Dairy Foods, Australia)18Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50331.14Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
Yoghurt, lemon curd (Finest, UK)67Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25248.813Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Yoghurt, peach & apricot (Healthy Living Light, UK)28Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25308.66Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, raspberry (Healthy Living Light, UK)43Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25308.69Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Yoghurt, red fruit: Morello cherry (Healthy Living Light, UK)35Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25454.57Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, red fruit: raspberry and black cherry (Healthy Living Light, UK)37Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25491.87Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, Scottish raspberry (Finest, UK)32Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25264.66Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Yoghurt, strawberry (Healthy Living Light, UK)30Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25316.56Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Yoghurt, strawberry (Astro yoghurt, Canada)44Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada502509Jenkins, A.L., et al., Effect of adding the novel fiber, PGX R, to commonly consumed foods on glycemic response, glycemic index and GRIP: a simple and effective strategy for reducing post prandial blood glucose levels--a randomized, controlled trial. Nutrition Journal, 2010. 9: p. 58.Normal2h102010
Yoghurt, strawberry and cream (Finest, UK)41Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25324.78Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Yoghurt, summer fruit: apricot (Healthy Living Light, UK)11Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25476.22Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, summer fruit: peach and vanilla (Healthy Living Light, UK)26Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25476.25Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, summer fruit: raspberry (Healthy Living Light, UK)28Dairy Products and AlternativesUK255016Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, summer fruit: strawberry (Healthy Living Light, UK)36Dairy Products and AlternativesUK255007Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, tropical fruit: guava and passionfruit (Healthy Living Light, UK)24Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25447.85Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, tropical fruit: mango (Healthy Living Light, UK)32Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25454.56Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, tropical fruit: peach and apricot (Healthy Living Light, UK)27Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25468.85Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, tropical pineapple (Healthy Living Light, UK)38Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25461.58Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, Valencia orange (Finest, UK)34Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25301.27Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Yoghurt, Yitangping (Beijing Sanyuan Foods, Beijing, China)21Dairy Products and AlternativesChina25454.54China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h112020
Mochaccino frozen yoghurt, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ brand (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)51Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada50NS10INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Strawberry Banana frozen yoghurt, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ brand (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)55Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada50NS11INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Vanilla frozen yoghurt, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ brand (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)46Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada50NS9INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Diet Passionfruit yoghurt, Dairy Dream (Aldi, Australia)21Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia504954Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102010
Diet Raspberry yoghurt, Dairy Dream (Aldi, Australia)21Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia505154Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102010
Diet yoghurt, Vaalia™, exotic fruits (Pauls Ltd., Australia), sweetened with acesulfame K and Splenda23Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25312.55Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Diet yoghurt, Vaalia™, mango (Pauls Ltd., Australia), sweetened with acesulfame K and Splenda23Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25367.65Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Diet yoghurt, Vaalia™, mixed berry (Pauls Ltd., Australia), sweetened with acesulfame K and Splenda25Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25409.85Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Diet yoghurt, Vaalia™, strawberry (Pauls Ltd., Australia), sweetened with acesulfame K and Splenda23Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25423.75Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Diet yoghurt, Vaalia™, vanilla (Pauls Ltd, Australia) sweetened with acesulfame K and Splenda23Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25416.75Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Low-fat, sugar sweetened, strawberry classic, Yoplait™ Lite (National Foods Ltd, Australia)33Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50324.77Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Low-fat (0.9%), fruit, wild strawberry, Ski d'lite™ (Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia)31Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50342.56Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92002
Low-fat, Nestlé Diet, Blueberry (Nestlé, Australia)32Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25446.46International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006
Low-fat, Nestlé Diet, Mixed Berry (Nestlé, Australia)28Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia254636International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h122006
Low-fat, Nestlé Diet, Peaches & Cream (Nestlé, Australia)28Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia254636International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006
Low-fat, apricot42Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25354.68Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Low-fat, black cherry41Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25349.78Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Low-fat, hazelnut53Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25357.111Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Low-fat, peach melba (Value, UK)56Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25357.111Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Low-fat, raspberry34Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25335.67Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Low-fat, strawberry61Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25347.212Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Low-fat, sugar sweetened, Heavenly Honey flavor, Vaalia (Pauls Ltd)32Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50280.96Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Low-fat, sugar sweetened, Lemon Crème flavor, Vaalia (Pauls Ltd)43Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50307.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Low-fat, sugar sweetened, Luscious Berries flavor, Vaalia (Pauls Ltd)29Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50337.86Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Low-fat, sugar sweetened, Passionfruit flavor, Vaalia (Pauls Ltd)32Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50301.26Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Low-fat, sugar sweetened, Strawberry flavor, Vaalia (Pauls Ltd)28Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50340.16Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92003
No Added Sugar Passionfruit yoghurt, Tamar Valley (Aldi, Australia)21Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia504954Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102010
No Added Sugar Raspberry yoghurt, Tamar Valley (Aldi, Australia)21Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia505154Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102010
Reduced-fat, Vaalia™, apricot & mango (Pauls Ltd., Australia)26Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25354.65Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Reduced-fat, Vaalia™, French vanilla (Pauls Ltd., Australia)26Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25292.45Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Reduced-fat, Extra-Lite™, strawberry (Pauls Ltd., Australia)28Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25310.66Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Reduced-fat, strawberry43Dairy Products and AlternativesCzech Republic50312.59Chlup, R., et al., Continuous glucose monitoring -- a novel approach to the determination of the glycaemic index of foods (DEGIF 1) -- determination of the glycaemic index of foods by means of the CGMS. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes, 2006. 114(2): p. 68-74.Normal2h202005
Reduced-fat, Yoplait™ Lite, berry fruit flavors (National Foods Ltd, Australia)25Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50290.75Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Reduced-fat, Yoplait™ Lite, tropical fruit flavors (National Foods Ltd, Australia)37Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50312.57Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Reduced-fat, Yoplait™ Lite, various flavors (National Foods Ltd, Australia)27Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50271.75Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Reduced-fat, Yoplait™ Lite, Fruit Salad flavor (National Foods Ltd, Australia)32Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50324.76Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Non-fat, Honey flavor, sugar sweetened, Ski™ (Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia), 40Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50287.48Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Non-fat, Vanilla flavor, sugar sweetened, Ski™, (Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia), 40Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50316.58Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
No Fat berry fruit flavors, artificially sweetened yoghurts, Yoplait™ (National Foods Ltd, Australia)16Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25384.63Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
No Fat Strawberry Classic flavor, artificially sweetened yoghurts, Yoplait™(National Foods Ltd, Australia)19Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25357.14Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
No Fat tropical fruit flavors, artificially sweetened yoghurts, Yoplait™(National Foods Ltd, Australia)20Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25390.64Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
No Fat yoghurt, various flavors, artificially sweetened yoghurts, Yoplait™(National Foods Ltd, Australia)18Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25367.64Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Fat-free, Passionfruit yoghurt (Jalna Dairy Foods, Australia)27Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50359.75Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
No Added Sugar Natural yoghurt (Tamar Valley Dairy, Australia)17Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia504952Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102010
Yoghurt, low fat, natural35Dairy Products and AlternativesUK254314Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Yoghurt, probiotic, prune44Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25349.79Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Yoghurt, probiotic, raspberry45Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25349.79Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Probiotic drink, cranberry56Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25409.811Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Probiotic drink, orange30Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25373.16Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Probiotic drink, original34Dairy Products and AlternativesUK25409.87Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Cultured Multivitamin Milk Fruit Drink, Vitalise (Jalna Dairy Foods, Australia)24Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50381.75Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
Yoghurt drink, Wildberry Yoghurt on the Go (Jalna Dairy Foods, Australia)19Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50381.74Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
Yoghurt drink, reduced-fat, Vaalia™, tropical passionfruit (Pauls Ltd., Australia)38Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25173.68Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Control dairy beverage70Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada502507Au, M.M.C., et al., Effects of soy-soluble fiber and flaxseed gum on the glycemic and insulinemic responses to glucose solutions and dairy products in healthy adult males. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2013. 32(2): p. 98-110.Normal2h112013
Dairy beverage with soy-soluble polysaccharides (2.5 g fiber)65Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada502507Au, M.M.C., et al., Effects of soy-soluble fiber and flaxseed gum on the glycemic and insulinemic responses to glucose solutions and dairy products in healthy adult males. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2013. 32(2): p. 98-110.Normal2h112013
Dairy beverage with flaxseed gum (2.5 g fiber)54Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada502505Au, M.M.C., et al., Effects of soy-soluble fiber and flaxseed gum on the glycemic and insulinemic responses to glucose solutions and dairy products in healthy adult males. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2013. 32(2): p. 98-110.Normal2h112013
Control dairy pudding (0.25 g fiber)63Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada502506Au, M.M.C., et al., Effects of soy-soluble fiber and flaxseed gum on the glycemic and insulinemic responses to glucose solutions and dairy products in healthy adult males. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2013. 32(2): p. 98-110.Normal2h112013
Dairy pudding with soy-soluble polysaccharides (2.5 g fiber)61Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada502506Au, M.M.C., et al., Effects of soy-soluble fiber and flaxseed gum on the glycemic and insulinemic responses to glucose solutions and dairy products in healthy adult males. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2013. 32(2): p. 98-110.Normal2h112013
Dairy pudding with flaxseed gum (2.5 g fiber)57Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada502506Au, M.M.C., et al., Effects of soy-soluble fiber and flaxseed gum on the glycemic and insulinemic responses to glucose solutions and dairy products in healthy adult males. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2013. 32(2): p. 98-110.Normal2h112013
Soy milk beverage, Original flavored, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)15Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada50NS2INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Soy milk, full-fat, with sucrose (Sanitarium, Australia)31Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia50NS3Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10-121997
Soy milk, full-fat (3%), Original, 0 mg calcium, with maltodextrin (So Natural Foods, Australia)44Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25337.84Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Soy milk, full-fat (3%), Calciforte, 120 mg calcium, with maltodextrin (So Natural Foods, Australia)36Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia253604Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Soy milk, full-fat (3%), 120 mg calcium, Calciforte (So Natural Foods, Australia)41Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25333.34International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h152006
Soy milk, Vitasoy® Organic (National Foods Ltd, Australia)43Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25412.54Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Soy milk, Vitasoy® So Milky Regular (National Foods Ltd, Australia)21Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25800.82Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Soy milk, low-fat (0.7%), Vitasoy® Light Original (National Foods Ltd, Australia)45Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia256415Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Soy milk, reduced-fat (1.5%), Vitasoy® So Milky Lite (National Foods Ltd, Australia)17Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25851.72Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Soy milk, reduced-fat (1.5%), 120 mg calcium, Light, containing maltodextrin (So Natural Foods, Australia)44Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia254634Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Soy milk, reduced-fat (1.8%), 120 mg calcium, Vitasoy® Premium Vitality+ (National Foods Ltd, Australia)18Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25520.82Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Soy Beverage, Chocolate flavored, President's Choice® Blue Menu™(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)40Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada50NS8INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Soy Beverage, Vanilla flavored, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)28Dairy Products and AlternativesCanada50NS6INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Soy milk, reduced-fat (1.5%), Vitasoy® Lush, Chocolate (National Foods Ltd, Australia)31Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25353.46Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Soy milk, reduced-fat (1.5%), Vitasoy® Lush, Vanilla (National Foods Ltd, Australia)31Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25376.86Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Soy yoghurt, peach and mango, 2% fat, sugar (So Natural Foods, Australia)50Dairy Products and AlternativesAustralia25268.810Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Apples, raw44Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia504317Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102020
Apples, canned in juice42Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50337.86Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Sliced Apples, canned, solid packed without juice (Langeberg and Ashton Foods Pty Ltd, South Africa)42Fruit and Fruit ProductsSouth Africa50602.46Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Apple, dried29Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia5082.34Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
Apples, dried (Malus pumila Mill.)43Fruit and Fruit ProductsChina5076.86Zhu, R., et al., Postprandial Glycaemic Responses of Dried Fruit-Containing Meals in Healthy Adults: Results from a Randomised Trial. Nutrients, 2018. 10(6).Normal2h112018
Apricots, raw, NS34Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50324.75Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Apricots, raw, NS42Fruit and Fruit ProductsCanada5081.46Viguiliouk, E., et al., Effect of dried fruit on postprandial glycemia: a randomized acute-feeding trial. Nutrition & Diabetes, 2018. 8(1): p. 59.Normal2h102018
Apricot Halves canned in fruit juice (Langeberg and Ashton Foods Pty Ltd, South Africa)51Fruit and Fruit ProductsSouth Africa504958Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Apricots, dried, ready to eat, bite size32Fruit and Fruit ProductsUK501375Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Apricots, dried (Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.)56Fruit and Fruit ProductsChina5090.48Zhu, R., et al., Postprandial Glycaemic Responses of Dried Fruit-Containing Meals in Healthy Adults: Results from a Randomised Trial. Nutrients, 2018. 10(6).Normal2h112018
Banana, raw47Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia502507Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Banana, lady finger (Moraitis, Australia)49Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50259.27Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122014
Banana, lady finger (Moraitis, Australia)53Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50268.38Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122014
Banana, raw, overripe57Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia502509Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92008
Blueberries, wild (Wild Blueberries Association, Canada)53Fruit and Fruit ProductsCanada50568.28Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Breadfruit, peeled, boiled 10 min47Fruit and Fruit ProductsJamaica50276.67Bahado-Singh, P.S., et al., Food processing methods influence the glycaemic indices of some commonly eaten West Indian carbohydrate-rich foods. British Journal of Nutrition, 2006. 96(3): p. 476-481.Normal2h102005
Breadfruit, roasted on preheated charcoal72Fruit and Fruit ProductsJamaica50221.311Bahado-Singh, P.S., et al., Food processing methods influence the glycaemic indices of some commonly eaten West Indian carbohydrate-rich foods. British Journal of Nutrition, 2006. 96(3): p. 476-481.Normal2h102005
Jackfruit365 Green Jackfruit, prepared as a porridge with water65Fruit and Fruit ProductsIndia2559.210Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Cranberries, sweetened, dried (Ocean Spray, USA)62Fruit and Fruit ProductsUSA5065.19Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102011
Cherries, sour, pitted, canned (Always Fresh brand, Australia)41Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia251426Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Custard apple, raw, flesh only54Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50316.58Chan, H.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2001. 55(12): p. 1076-1083.Normal2h122000
Dates, Bo ma'an variety (Al Saad date factory, Al Ain, UAE)46Fruit and Fruit ProductsUAE5072.77Alkaabi, J.M., et al., Glycemic indices of five varieties of dates in healthy and diabetic subjects. Nutrition Journal, 2011. 10: p. 59.Normal2h132011
Dates, Dabbas variety (Al Saad date factory, Al Ain, UAE)49Fruit and Fruit ProductsUAE5076.27Alkaabi, J.M., et al., Glycemic indices of five varieties of dates in healthy and diabetic subjects. Nutrition Journal, 2011. 10: p. 59.Normal2h132011
Dates, Deglet noir variety 52Fruit and Fruit ProductsAlgeria50NS8Freha, G., et al., Effect of Algerian varieties dates on glycemic, arterial blood pressure and satiety responses. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Health Care, 2016. 8(2): p. 52-61.Normal2h102016
Dates, Fara'd variety (Al Saad date factory, Al Ain, UAE)54Fruit and Fruit ProductsUAE5072.58Alkaabi, J.M., et al., Glycemic indices of five varieties of dates in healthy and diabetic subjects. Nutrition Journal, 2011. 10: p. 59.Normal2h132011
Dates, H'mira variety 48Fruit and Fruit ProductsAlgeria50NS7Freha, G., et al., Effect of Algerian varieties dates on glycemic, arterial blood pressure and satiety responses. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Health Care, 2016. 8(2): p. 52-61.Normal2h102016
Dates, Khalas (Rutab, soft early ripened) variety47Fruit and Fruit ProductsUAE50101.87Miller, C.J., E.V. Dunn, and I.B. Hashim, The glycaemic index of dates and date/yoghurt mixed meals. Are dates ‘the candy that grows on trees’? European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(3): p. 427-430.Normal2h112002
Dates, Khalas variety (Al Saad date factory, Al Ain, UAE)55Fruit and Fruit ProductsUAE5072.68Alkaabi, J.M., et al., Glycemic indices of five varieties of dates in healthy and diabetic subjects. Nutrition Journal, 2011. 10: p. 59.Normal2h132011
Dates, Khalas (Phoenix dactylifera L.)55Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia50NS8Al-Mssallem, M.Q. and J.E. Brown, Arabic coffee increases the glycemic index but not insulinemic index of dates. Saudi Medical Journal, 2013. 34(9): p. 923-8.Normal2h102013
Dates, Lulu variety (Al Saad date factory, Al Ain, UAE)54Fruit and Fruit ProductsUAE5073.68Alkaabi, J.M., et al., Glycemic indices of five varieties of dates in healthy and diabetic subjects. Nutrition Journal, 2011. 10: p. 59.Normal2h132011
Dates, NS68Fruit and Fruit ProductsCanada5077.810Viguiliouk, E., et al., Effect of dried fruit on postprandial glycemia: a randomized acute-feeding trial. Nutrition & Diabetes, 2018. 8(1): p. 59.Normal2h102018
Dates, Tinissine variety 44Fruit and Fruit ProductsAlgeria50NS7Freha, G., et al., Effect of Algerian varieties dates on glycemic, arterial blood pressure and satiety responses. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Health Care, 2016. 8(2): p. 52-61.Normal2h102016
Dates, Ajwah cultivar, Tamer stage60Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5070.19AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h102016
Dates, Khalas (Tamer, sun dried stored in traditional Bedu manner) variety 45Fruit and Fruit ProductsUAE5066.87Miller, C.J., E.V. Dunn, and I.B. Hashim, The glycaemic index of dates and date/yoghurt mixed meals. Are dates ‘the candy that grows on trees’? European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(3): p. 427-430.Normal2h112002
Dates, Khalas variety, dried and vacuum packed36Fruit and Fruit ProductsUAE5066.75Miller, C.J., E.V. Dunn, and I.B. Hashim, The glycaemic index of dates and date/yoghurt mixed meals. Are dates ‘the candy that grows on trees’? European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(3): p. 427-430.Normal2h112002
Dates, Khudri cultivar, Tamer stage62Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5067.19AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h102016
Dates, Maktoomi cultivar, Tamer stage71Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5068.511AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h102016
Dates, Medjool cultivar, Tamer stage55Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5070.58AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h102016
Dates, Nabtat-ali cultivar, Tamer stage60Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5069.39AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h102016
Dates, Nabtat-seyf cultivar, Tamer stage54Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia50678AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h92016
Dates, Osilah cultivar, Tamer stage57Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5082.59AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h92016
Dates, Rashodia cultivar, Tamer stage51Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5067.38AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h102016
Dates, Ruthana cultivar, Tamer stage53Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5073.48AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h102016
Dates, Sag'ai cultivar, Tamer stage45Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5072.77AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h92016
Dates, Sayer, dried, Trident™ brand56Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia5063.78Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Dates, Sellaj cultivar, Tamer stage75Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia506911AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h92016
Dates, Shaqra cultivar, Tamer stage43Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5066.96AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h102016
Dates, Shishi cultivar, Tamer stage50Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5071.88AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h102016
Dates, Sukkary cultivar, Tamer stage43Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5077.66AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h102016
Dates, Um-Kabar cultivar, Tamer stage59Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5069.19AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h102016
Dates, Wannanah cultivar, Tamer stage51Fruit and Fruit ProductsSaudi Arabia5067.58AlGeffari, M.A., et al., Glycemic indices, glycemic load and glycemic response for seventeen varieties of dates grown in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 2016. 36(6): p. 397-403.Normal2h102016
Figs, dried, no added, sugar, organic, Turkish (Woolworths Macro brand, Australia)54Fruit and Fruit ProductsTurkey5091.78Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Figs, dried, tenderized, Dessert Maid brand (Ernest Hall & Sons, Sydney, Australia)61Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50115.49Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Guava, raw, cut into bite size pieces29Fruit and Fruit ProductsSingapore252804Tey, S.L., D.E.M. Lee, and C.J. Henry, Fruit form Influences Postprandial Glycemic Response in Elderly and Young Adults. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 2017. 21(8): p. 887-891.Normal2h192017
Guava, raw, puree47Fruit and Fruit ProductsSingapore252807Tey, S.L., D.E.M. Lee, and C.J. Henry, Fruit form Influences Postprandial Glycemic Response in Elderly and Young Adults. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 2017. 21(8): p. 887-891.Normal2h192017
Grapes, Crimson seedless50Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50279.38Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Grapes, green, Menidee, seedless54Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50333.38Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Grapes, black, Waltham Cross59Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50330.79Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112001
Grapefruit, ruby red segments, canned in juice (Woolworths Select, Australia)47Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50294.17Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Jujubes, dried (Ziziphus jujubu Mill.)55Fruit and Fruit ProductsChina50848Zhu, R., et al., Postprandial Glycaemic Responses of Dried Fruit-Containing Meals in Healthy Adults: Results from a Randomised Trial. Nutrients, 2018. 10(6).Normal2h112018
Lychee, fresh57Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50308.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92009
Lychee, canned in syrup and drained, Narcissus brand79Fruit and Fruit ProductsChina50292.412Chan, H.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2001. 55(12): p. 1076-1083.Normal2h122000
Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata)1952Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly251428F Brighenti, unpublished observations.Normal2h?92004
Mandarin segments, canned in juice (Woolworths Select, Australia)47Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia505007Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Mango, raw (Chin-Hwang Mango)48Fruit and Fruit ProductsTaiwan50NS7Lin, M.H.A., M.C. Wu, and J. Lin, Variable classifications of glycemic index determined by glucose meters. Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition, 2010. 47(1): p. 45-52.Normal2h102010
Mango, low-fat frozen fruit dessert, Frutia™ (Weis Frozen Foods, Toowong, Australia) 42Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50217.46Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Melon (Cucumis melon)1960Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly253389F Brighenti, unpublished observations.Normal2h?92004
Watermelon, raw (Citrullus vulgaris-red variety)55Fruit and Fruit ProductsMalaysia508938Robert, S.D., et al., Glycemic index of common Malaysian fruits. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2008. 17(1): p. 35-9.Normal2h102008
Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus), raw, red-fleshed, seeded48Fruit and Fruit ProductsMalaysia252367Sabeetha, S., B.M.Y. Nisak, and I. Amin, Glycemic index of selected watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). International Food Research Journal, 2018. 25(6): p. 2547-2552.Normal2h142017
Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus), raw, red-fleshed, seedless51Fruit and Fruit ProductsMalaysia252398Sabeetha, S., B.M.Y. Nisak, and I. Amin, Glycemic index of selected watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). International Food Research Journal, 2018. 25(6): p. 2547-2552.Normal2h142017
Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus), raw, yellow-fleshed, seedless47Fruit and Fruit ProductsMalaysia252337Sabeetha, S., B.M.Y. Nisak, and I. Amin, Glycemic index of selected watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). International Food Research Journal, 2018. 25(6): p. 2547-2552.Normal2h142017
Nectarines, raw43Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia25324.76Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Oranges, navel45Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50406.57Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102020
Orange & Grapefruit segments, canned in juice (Woolworths Select, Australia)53Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50312.58Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Passionfruit pulp, canned, 55% passionfruit pulp with added sugar 46Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia2595.87Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Papaya/paw paw, raw, cut into bite size pieces38Fruit and Fruit ProductsSingapore252746Tey, S.L., D.E.M. Lee, and C.J. Henry, Fruit form Influences Postprandial Glycemic Response in Elderly and Young Adults. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 2017. 21(8): p. 887-891.Normal2h192017
Papaya/paw paw, raw, puree42Fruit and Fruit ProductsSingapore252746Tey, S.L., D.E.M. Lee, and C.J. Henry, Fruit form Influences Postprandial Glycemic Response in Elderly and Young Adults. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 2017. 21(8): p. 887-891.Normal2h192017
Peach (Prunus persica)1976Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly2541011F Brighenti, unpublished observations.Normal2h?92004
Peach, canned in natural juice (SPC Ardmona Ltd, Shepparton, VIC, Australia)46Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50438.67Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
Peach, canned in heavy syrup (Homebrand, Yennora, NSW, Australia)64Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50314.510Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
Peach & Grapes, canned in natural fruit juice (Woolworths Select, Australia)46Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50490.27Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Peach & Pineapple, canned in natural fruit juice (Woolworths Select, Australia)45Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50454.57Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Pear, Williams, raw, under ripe/crunchy24Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia25260.44Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Pear, Williams, raw, ripe/soft33Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia25260.45Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Pear slices, canned in natural juice (SPC Ltd, Australia)31Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50181.35Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Persimmon (Diospyros kaki)1961Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly251569F Brighenti, unpublished observations.Normal2h?92004
Pineapple, raw (Ananas comosa)82Fruit and Fruit ProductsMalaysia5054312Robert, S.D., et al., Glycemic index of common Malaysian fruits. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2008. 17(1): p. 35-9.Normal2h92008
Pineapple pieces, canned in fruit juice (Woolworths Select, Australia)43Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50312.56Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Pineapple pieces, canned in natural fruit juice (Woolworths Select, Australia)55Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50384.68Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Pineapple & Papaya pieces, canned in natural juice (Woolworths Select, Australia)53Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50424.58Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Prunes, pitted (Sunsweet Growers Inc., Yuba City, USA)29Fruit and Fruit ProductsUSA5068.24Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Prunes, pitted, Californian (Sunsweet Growers Inc., Yuba City, USA)40Fruit and Fruit ProductsUSA5090.96Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102009
Raisins (Sun Maid, USA)49Fruit and Fruit ProductsUSA50697Esfahani, A., J. Lam, and C.W. Kendall, Acute effects of raisin consumption on glucose and insulin reponses in healthy individuals. Journal of Nutritional Science, 2014. 3: p. e1.Normal2h102013
Raisins55Fruit and Fruit ProductsCanada5064.88Viguiliouk, E., et al., Effect of dried fruit on postprandial glycemia: a randomized acute-feeding trial. Nutrition & Diabetes, 2018. 8(1): p. 59.Normal2h102018
Raisins (Vitis vinifera Linn.)56Fruit and Fruit ProductsChina5075.28Zhu, R., et al., Postprandial Glycaemic Responses of Dried Fruit-Containing Meals in Healthy Adults: Results from a Randomised Trial. Nutrients, 2018. 10(6).Normal2h112018
Raisins61Fruit and Fruit ProductsUSA5079.99Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102009
Strawberries, fresh, raw40Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia259256Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Sultanas (Value, UK)56Fruit and Fruit ProductsUK50728Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Sultanas51Fruit and Fruit ProductsCanada50678Viguiliouk, E., et al., Effect of dried fruit on postprandial glycemia: a randomized acute-feeding trial. Nutrition & Diabetes, 2018. 8(1): p. 59.Normal2h102018
Fruit Salad canned in fruit juice, containing peach, pear, apricot, pineapple and cherries (Langeberg and Ashton Foods Pty Ltd, South Africa)54Fruit and Fruit ProductsSouth Africa50526.38Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Mixed fruit, dried (Value, UK)60Fruit and Fruit ProductsUK5073.69Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Frozen fruit dessert, Vitari, wild berry, non-dairy (Nestlé, Australia)59Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50238.19Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Apple juice, unsweetened, reconstituted (Berrivale Orchards Ltd, Berri, Australia)39Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50NS8Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
Apple juice, Granny Smith, unsweetened44Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50442.59Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Apple juice, green apple (100%) (Pfanner, Italy)67Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly5044613Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92011
Apple juice, pure, clear, unsweetened (The Wild About Fruit Company, Wandin, VIC, Australia)44Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50438.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Apple juice, pure, cloudy, unsweetened (The Wild About Fruit Company, Australia)37Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50476.27Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Apple and blackcurrant juice, no added sugar (Berri Ltd, Australia)45Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia505009Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Apple and cherry juice, pure, unsweetened (The Wild About Fruit Company, Australia)43Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50378.89Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Apple and mandarin juice, pure, unsweetened (The Wild About Fruit Company, Australia)47Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50454.59Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Apple and mango juice, pure, unsweetened (The Wild About Fruit Company, Australia)47Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50384.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
Apple, pineapple and passionfruit juice, unsweetened (The Wild About Fruit Company, Australia)48Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50390.610Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
Carrot juice, freshly made43Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia25342.54Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92002
Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray, Melbourne, Australia)52Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia5040310Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray Inc., Lakeville-Middleboro, MA, USA)68Fruit and Fruit ProductsUSA5035714Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Cranberry juice drink, Ocean Spray® (Gerber Ltd., Bridgewater, Somerset, UK)56Fruit and Fruit ProductsUK5043111Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Grape juice, 100%, Daily C (Weichuan Shanghai, China)63Fruit and Fruit ProductsChina50365.913China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Grape Nectar (Chateau Barossa, Lyndoch, SA, Australia)52Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia5063.910Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92003
Orange juice41Fruit and Fruit ProductsNew Zealand50563.68Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Orange juice beverage, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ Oh-Mega j (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)48Fruit and Fruit ProductsCanada50NS10INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Orange juice, unsweetened, reconstituted concentrate, Mr Juicy brand (Berri Ltd, Australia)54Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50588.211Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
POM Pomegranate juice (POM Wonderful LLC, USA)53Fruit and Fruit ProductsUSA50313.211Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92009
Prune juice (Golden Circle, Australia)43Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50362.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92004
Tomato juice, low sodium, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)23Fruit and Fruit ProductsCanada50NS2INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Tomato juice, canned, no added sugar (Berri Ltd, Australia)38Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia25892.94Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus), raw, red-fleshed, seedless, blended using an automatic juicer to form a juice51Fruit and Fruit ProductsMalaysia2523610Sabeetha, S., B.M.Y. Nisak, and I. Amin, Glycemic index of selected watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). International Food Research Journal, 2018. 25(6): p. 2547-2552.Normal2h142017
SuperJuice Greenzone, containing apple, orange and pineapple juice47Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia504929Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
SuperJuice Immune, containing apple juice, pineapple juice and guava puree47Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50500.99Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
SuperJuice Kickstart, containing apple juice, blueberry puree and banana puree39Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50442.28Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Apricot 100% Pure Fruit spread, no added sugar (Freedom Foods, Australia) 43Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia501226International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
Apricot 100% Fruit Spread, Cottees™ (Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)50Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia5080.68Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92004
Apricot fruit spread, reduced sugar (Glen Ewin Jams, Para Hills, Australia)55Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50NS8Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101997
Apricot spread, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ Twice the Fruit Apricot spread (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)56Fruit and Fruit ProductsCanada501258INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Fruit spread, with thick apricot (Rhapsodie de Fruit Thick Apricot, St Dalfour, Italy)63Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly25509Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102010
Apricot jam, organic apricot, with apple juice (Fiordifrutta albicocca, Rigoni di Asiago, Italy)63Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly25659Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102010
Apricot jam (Confettura extra albicocche, Bonne Maman, Italy)69Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly254310Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102010
Berry compote, organic (Fruttosa frutti di bosco, Rigoni di Asiago, Italy)44Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly251007Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Blackberry 100% Fruit Spread, Cottees™ brand (Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)46Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50101.67Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92004
Blueberry fruit spread, wild blueberry (Rhapsodie de Fruit Wild Blueberry, St. Dalfour, Italy)74Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly254811Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102010
Blueberry jam, wild blueberry (Confettura extra mirtilli selvatici, Bonne Maman, Italy)63Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly25449Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102010
Blueberry jam, organic blueberry, with apple juice (Fiordifrutta Mirtilli neri, Rigoni di Asiago, Italy)51Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly25648Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102010
Date spread, Divine (Buderim Ginger, Buderim, QLD, Australia)29Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia5079.44Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Ginger Spread, sucrose-free (Buderim Ginger, Australia)10Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia5083.22Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Ginger marmalade, Original (Buderim Ginger, Australia)50Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia5067.28Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Orange fruit spread, with thick cut orange (Rhapsodie de Fruit Orange Spread, Thick Cut St Dalfour, Italy)68Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly255310Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102010
Orange jam, organic bitter orange, with apple juice (Fiordifrutta arance amare, Rigoni di Asiago, Italy)51Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly25528Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102010
Orange marmalade, bitter orange (Marmellata arance amare, Bonne Maman, Italy)55Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly25428Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102010
Orange marmalade, orange 100% Pure Fruit spread, no added sugar (Freedom Foods, Australia)27Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50111.14International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h92006
Orange marmalade48Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50NS7Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h91997
Orange marmalade 100% Fruit Spread, Cottees™ (Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)55Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia5073.48Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92004
Peach/Apricot compote, organic (Fruttosa pesca/albicocca, Rigoni di Asiago, Italy)47Fruit and Fruit ProductsItaly251007Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Raspberry 100% Pure Fruit spread, no added sugar (Freedom Foods, Australia)26Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50108.74International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006
Raspberry 100% Fruit Spread, Cottees™ brand (Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)46Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia5073.67Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92004
Strawberry jam51Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50NS8Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h91998
Strawberry 100% Pure Fruit spread, no added sugar (Freedom Foods, Australia)29Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50110.44International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006
Strawberry100% Fruit Spread, Cottees™ brand (Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)46Fruit and Fruit ProductsAustralia50827Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92004
Strawberry & Rhubarb Fruit Spread, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ Twice the Fruit Spread (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)69Fruit and Fruit ProductsCanada5015010INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Breast milk, human, unpasteurized38Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25NS4Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2011
Infasoy™, soy-based, milk-free (Wyeth Nutritionals, Baulkham Hills, NSW, Australia)55Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia2547.86Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h11 (adults)2001
Karicare from Birth Infant formula, containing 83% lactose, 17% maltodextrins (Nutricia Australia Pty Ltd) (40.8 g powder + 271.7 g water)30Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25312.53Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Karicare DeLact Formula for special medical needs, containing 100% corn syrup solids (Nutricia Australia Pty Ltd) (42.0 g powder + 291.3 g water)67Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia2533.37Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Karicare™ gold starter formula with omega plus LCP oils (Nutricia, Auckland, New Zealand)35Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsNew Zealand2546.34Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2001
Karicare Soy Formula for special medical needs, containing 51% corn syrup solids, 49% maltodextrins (Nutricia Australia Pty Ltd) (47.0 g powder + 331.8 g water)60Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25378.86Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Nan-1™ infant formula with iron (Nestlé, Australia)30Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia2543.43Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h9 (adults)2001
Novalac Colic Formula for special medical needs, containing maltodextrins, lactose (Bayer Australia Limited) (42.9 g powder + 299.6 g water)57Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25342.56Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Novalac Reflux Formula for special medical needs, containing lactose, starch (Bayer Australia Limited) (42.4 g powder + 295.4 g water)38Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25337.84Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Novalac Sweet Dreams Formula for special medical needs, containing maltodextrins, lactose, dextrose, starch (Bayer Australia Limited) (43.5 g powder + 303.7 g water)52Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25347.25Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
S-26™ infant formula (Wyeth Nutritionals, Australia)36Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25NS4Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2001
S-26 Gold Newborn Infant formula, containing 100% lactose (Wyeth Australia Pty Ltd) (42.5 g powder + 300 g water)19Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25342.52Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
S-26 Gold PremGro Formula for special medical needs, containing 76% lactose, 24% corn syrup solids (Wyeth Australia Pty Ltd) (45.2 g powder + 288.1 g water)26Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25333.33Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
S-26 Gold Progress Infant formula, containing 100% lactose (Wyeth Australia Pty Ltd) (44.0 g powder + 303.2 g water)34Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25347.23Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Karicare Follow On Follow-on formula, containing 86% lactose, 14% maltodextrins (Nutricia Australia Pty Ltd) (39.9 g powder + 261.9 g water)37Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25301.84Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
S-26 Gold Progress Follow-on formula, containing 100% lactose (Wyeth Australia Pty Ltd) (44.0 g powder + 303.2 g water)23Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25347.22Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
S-26 Gold Toddler Follow-on formula, containing 86% lactose, 14% maltodextrins (Wyeth Australia Pty Ltd) (16.7 g powder + 233.3 g water)18Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia252502Wright, C.J., et al., Effects of human milk and formula on postprandial glycaemia and insulinaemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015. 69(8): p. 939-43.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Growing up beverage powder, product 166Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsMalaysia25367Brand-Miller, J., F. Atkinson, and A. Rowan, Effect of added carbohydrates on glycemic and insulin responses to children's milk products. Nutrients, 2013. 5(1): p. 23-31.Normal2h11 (adults)2011
Growing up beverage powder, product 255Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsIndonesia25416Brand-Miller, J., F. Atkinson, and A. Rowan, Effect of added carbohydrates on glycemic and insulin responses to children's milk products. Nutrients, 2013. 5(1): p. 23-31.Normal2h11 (adults)2011
Growing up beverage powder, product 323Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsMalaysia25642Brand-Miller, J., F. Atkinson, and A. Rowan, Effect of added carbohydrates on glycemic and insulin responses to children's milk products. Nutrients, 2013. 5(1): p. 23-31.Normal2h11 (adults)2011
Growing up beverage powder, product 451Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsIndonesia25385Brand-Miller, J., F. Atkinson, and A. Rowan, Effect of added carbohydrates on glycemic and insulin responses to children's milk products. Nutrients, 2013. 5(1): p. 23-31.Normal2h11 (adults)2011
Growing up beverage powder, product 554Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsMalaysia25425Brand-Miller, J., F. Atkinson, and A. Rowan, Effect of added carbohydrates on glycemic and insulin responses to children's milk products. Nutrients, 2013. 5(1): p. 23-31.Normal2h11 (adults)2011
Growing up beverage powder, product 643Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsIndonesia25384Brand-Miller, J., F. Atkinson, and A. Rowan, Effect of added carbohydrates on glycemic and insulin responses to children's milk products. Nutrients, 2013. 5(1): p. 23-31.Normal2h11 (adults)2011
Growing up beverage powder, product 768Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsMalaysia25427Brand-Miller, J., F. Atkinson, and A. Rowan, Effect of added carbohydrates on glycemic and insulin responses to children's milk products. Nutrients, 2013. 5(1): p. 23-31.Normal2h11 (adults)2011
Apple, apricot and banana cereal, Robinsons First Tastes from 4 months (Nutricia, Wells, UK)56Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsUK25144.36Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h11 (adults)2001
Apple baby food46Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsCzech Republic50277.85Chlup, R., et al., Continuous glucose monitoring -- a novel approach to the determination of the glycaemic index of foods (DEGIF 1) -- determination of the glycaemic index of foods by means of the CGMS. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes, 2006. 114(2): p. 68-74.Normal2h20 (adults)2005
Apple, pear and cinnamon fruit puree, homemade, puree consistency29Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia252383Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Apple, Pear and Cinnamon fruit puree, Rafferty’s Garden, for ages 4 – 6 months, commercial44Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia253254Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Chicken and noodles with vegetables, strained, Heinz for Baby from 4 months (Heinz Wattie's Ltd, Australia)67Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25416.77Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2001
Creamed rice porridge Robinsons First Tastes from 4 months (Nutricia, Wells, UK)59Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsUK25203.76Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h11 (adults)2001
Fruit Muesli, containing wheat germ, rolled oats, apple juice, pear, and orange juice, homemade, porridge with lumps consistency38Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia251224Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Fruity Muesli, Farex™, ages 7 – 9 months, prepared with 272 mL water65Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25367Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Lentils and vegetable puree, containing red lentils, sweet potato, and carrot, homemade, mashed with lumps consistency36Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia252014Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Lentils and vegetables puree, commercial, for ages 7 – 9 months, Heinz™ Mum’s Recipe (Heinz Wattie's Ltd, Australia)52Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia252845Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Farex™ baby rice (Heinz Wattie's Ltd., Malvern, Australia), prepared with 239 mL water74Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25307Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Farex™ baby rice, 7 g cereal with 80 g water (Heinz Wattie's Ltd., Malvern, Australia)95Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia2529.710Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h11 (adults)2001
Organix™ organic wholegrain baby rice, prepared with 259 mL water74Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25307Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Rice pudding, Robinsons First Tastes from 4 months (Nutricia, Wells, UK)59Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsUK25170.46Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h11 (adults)2001
Sweetcorn and rice, Heinz for Baby from 4 months (Heinz Wattie's Ltd, Australia)65Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia25218.27Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h11 (adults)2001
Sweet potato and pumpkin vegetable puree, homemade, puree consistency61Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia252526Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Pasta and vegetables puree, containing pasta, tomatoes, sweet potato, carrot and onion, homemade, pureed with soft pieces consistency54Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia252095Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Vegetable Mash, Harvest Veggies with Pasta puree, commercial, for ages 7 – 9 months, Heinz™ Mum’s Recipe (Heinz Wattie's Ltd, Australia)46Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia252755Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Vegetable Mash, Heinz™ Organic Golden commercial, containing pumpkin and sweet potato puree, for aged 4 – 6 months 43Infant Formula and Weaning FoodsAustralia252404Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h10 (adults)2010
Baked Beans in Cheesy Tomato sauce (HJ Heinz, Australia)44LegumesAustralia50318.57International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h92006
Baked Beans in Barbecue sauce (HJ Heinz, Australia)47LegumesAustralia50274.77International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h92006
Baked Beans in Ham sauce (HJ Heinz, Australia)53LegumesAustralia50299.48International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006
Baked Beans in Sweet Chilli sauce (HJ Heinz, Australia)46LegumesAustralia50292.47International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006
Baked Beans in Tomato sauce (HJ Heinz, Australia)40LegumesAustralia50381.76International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006
Baked Beans in Tomato sauce, canned, reheated in microwave for 1.5 min (HJ Heinz, Australia)57LegumesAustralia50322.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Chickpeas, canned, drained (Edgell, Simplot Australia, Australia)35LegumesAustralia25131.65Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122018
Chickpeas (Garbanzo beans, Bengal gram), canned, drained, Edgell's™ brand (Simplot Australia, Australia)38LegumesAustralia25168.96Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Chickpeas, dried, roasted (‘chicknuts’)39LegumesCrete50826Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Chickpea Hommus dip, Chris' Traditional brand (Capitol Chilled Foods Pty Ltd, ACT, Australia)22LegumesAustralia25140.43Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112007
Hummus (Sabra Classic Hummus; Sabra Dipping Co., S. Chesterfield, VA)15LegumesUSA252592Augustin, L.S.A., et al., Post-prandial glucose and insulin responses of hummus alone or combined with a carbohydrate food: a dose-response study. Nutrition Journal, 2016. 15: p. 13.Normal2h102016
Dark Red Kidney beans, canned in brine, drained, Edgell's™ brand (Simplot Australia, Australia)43LegumesAustralia25148.96Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Red Kidney beans, canned, drained, Edgell's™ brand (Simplot Australia, Australia)36LegumesAustralia25165.65Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Lentil, Asterix, washed, brought to boil in water (1:2.5 seed:water ratio) at 500°C (~11 min), once boiling was achieved temperature reduced to 280°C and continued to boil until soft (Saskatchewan Pulse Growers, Canada)10LegumesCanada25170.12Ramdath, D.D., et al., Investigating the relationship between lentil carbohydrate fractions and in vivo postprandial blood glucose response by use of the natural variation in starch fractions among 20 lentil varieties. Food & Function, 2017. 8(10): p. 3783-3791.Normal2h102017
Lentil, Greenland, washed, brought to boil in water (1:2.5 seed:water ratio) at 500°C (~11 min), once boiling was achieved temperature reduced to 280°C and continued to boil until soft (Saskatchewan Pulse Growers, Canada)23LegumesCanada25192.33Ramdath, D.D., et al., Investigating the relationship between lentil carbohydrate fractions and in vivo postprandial blood glucose response by use of the natural variation in starch fractions among 20 lentil varieties. Food & Function, 2017. 8(10): p. 3783-3791.Normal2h102017
Lentil, Imigreen, washed, brought to boil in water (1:2.5 seed:water ratio) at 500°C (~11 min), once boiling was achieved temperature reduced to 280°C and continued to boil until soft (Saskatchewan Pulse Growers, Canada)14LegumesCanada25158.22Ramdath, D.D., et al., Investigating the relationship between lentil carbohydrate fractions and in vivo postprandial blood glucose response by use of the natural variation in starch fractions among 20 lentil varieties. Food & Function, 2017. 8(10): p. 3783-3791.Normal2h102017
Lentil, Impower, washed, brought to boil in water (1:2.5 seed:water ratio) at 500°C (~11 min), once boiling was achieved temperature reduced to 280°C and continued to boil until soft (Saskatchewan Pulse Growers, Canada)17LegumesCanada25153.43Ramdath, D.D., et al., Investigating the relationship between lentil carbohydrate fractions and in vivo postprandial blood glucose response by use of the natural variation in starch fractions among 20 lentil varieties. Food & Function, 2017. 8(10): p. 3783-3791.Normal2h102017
Lentil, Improve, washed, brought to boil in water (1:2.5 seed:water ratio) at 500°C (~11 min), once boiling was achieved temperature reduced to 280°C and continued to boil until soft (Saskatchewan Pulse Growers, Canada)15LegumesCanada25206.62Ramdath, D.D., et al., Investigating the relationship between lentil carbohydrate fractions and in vivo postprandial blood glucose response by use of the natural variation in starch fractions among 20 lentil varieties. Food & Function, 2017. 8(10): p. 3783-3791.Normal2h102017
Lentil, Redberry, washed, brought to boil in water (1:2.5 seed:water ratio) at 500°C (~11 min), once boiling was achieved temperature reduced to 280°C and continued to boil until soft (Saskatchewan Pulse Growers, Canada)13LegumesCanada252002Ramdath, D.D., et al., Investigating the relationship between lentil carbohydrate fractions and in vivo postprandial blood glucose response by use of the natural variation in starch fractions among 20 lentil varieties. Food & Function, 2017. 8(10): p. 3783-3791.Normal2h102017
Lentil, Redbow, washed, brought to boil in water (1:2.5 seed:water ratio) at 500°C (~11 min), once boiling was achieved temperature reduced to 280°C and continued to boil until soft (Saskatchewan Pulse Growers, Canada)18LegumesCanada25204.93Ramdath, D.D., et al., Investigating the relationship between lentil carbohydrate fractions and in vivo postprandial blood glucose response by use of the natural variation in starch fractions among 20 lentil varieties. Food & Function, 2017. 8(10): p. 3783-3791.Normal2h102017
Lentil, Redcliff, washed, brought to boil in water (1:2.5 seed:water ratio) at 500°C (~11 min), once boiling was achieved temperature reduced to 280°C and continued to boil until soft (Saskatchewan Pulse Growers, Canada)18LegumesCanada251883Ramdath, D.D., et al., Investigating the relationship between lentil carbohydrate fractions and in vivo postprandial blood glucose response by use of the natural variation in starch fractions among 20 lentil varieties. Food & Function, 2017. 8(10): p. 3783-3791.Normal2h102017
Lentils, brown, canned, drained, Edgell's™ brand (Simplot Australia, Australia)42LegumesAustralia25182.56Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Mung bean, fried 53LegumesAustralia50NS8Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
Mung bean, germinated 25LegumesAustralia50NS4Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
Mung bean, pressure cooked42LegumesAustralia50NS6Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
Broad beans, frozen, heated in microwave (Logan Farm Pty Ltd, Australia)63LegumesAustralia25423.79Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Butter beans, canned, drained, Edgell's™ brand (Simplot Australia, Cheltenham, Australia)36LegumesAustralia25163.45Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Cannellini beans, canned, drained, Edgell's™ brand (Simplot Australia, Cheltenham, Australia)31LegumesAustralia25178.65Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Four bean mix, canned, drained, Edgell's™ brand (Simplot Australia, Australia)37LegumesAustralia25154.36Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Freekeh, Lentils & Beans Superblend Fibre, dried, cooked in boiling water for 15 min (Ward McKenzies Pty Ltd, Australia)29LegumesAustralia2550.74Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Lentils, Quinoa & Beans Superblend Protein, dried, cooked in boiling water for 15 min (Ward McKenzies Pty Ltd, Australia)36LegumesAustralia2553.15Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Refried Pinto beans, Casa Fiesta™ brand (Capital Foods Pty Ltd, Australia), heated in microwave for 1.5 min38LegumesAustralia50285.76Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Chocolate weight management bar (Shaklee Corporation, Pleasanton, CA, USA)29Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA50129.26Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92006
Hazelnut & Apricot bar (Dietworks, South Yarra, Australia)42Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia501058Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
L.E.A.N Fibergy™ bar, Harvest Oat (Usana Inc., Salt Lake City, UT, USA)45Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA5085.79Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
L.E.A.N (Life long) Nutribar™, Peanut Crunch (Usana Inc., Salt Lake City, UT, USA)30Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA502506Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
L.E.A.N (Life long) Nutribar™, Chocolate Crunch (Usana Inc., Salt Lake City, UT, USA)32Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA50107.96Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Lemon weight management bar (Shaklee Corporation, USA)23Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA50129.25Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Optifast® VLCD™ Berry Crunch Flavor Bar (Nestlé Health Science, Australia)25Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50144.15Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Optifast® VLCD™ Cappuccino Flavor Bar (Nestlé Health Science, Australia)29Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50147.16Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Optifast® VLCD™ Cereal with Cranberry Bar (Nestlé Health Science, Australia)30Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia2588.36Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Optifast® VLCD™ Chocolate Bar (Nestlé Health Science, Australia)20Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia25124.44Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Optifast® VLCD™ Chocolate Dessert (Nestlé Health Science, Australia)27Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50135.35Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Optifast® VLCD™ Lemon Crème Dessert (Nestlé Health Science, Australia)27Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50135.35Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Peanut Butter weight management bar (Shaklee Corporation, USA)22Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA50129.24Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Protein Meal Replacement Cookies (Bao Bei Er (Chengdu Tianyi Cuisine Nutritional Food, China)43Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsChina2568.29China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122019
SlimFast® bar, chocolate caramel meal replacement bar (SlimFast Foods Ltd, Slough, Berks, UK)54Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUK5075.611Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
SlimFast® bar, chocolate meal replacement bar (SlimFast Foods Ltd, UK)27Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUK50108.25Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
SlimFast® bar, Chocolate Muesli snack bar (SlimFast Foods Ltd, UK)49Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUK5077.510Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Aussie Bodies Trim Protein Shake, Chocolate flavored (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, Australia)39Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50146.28International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
Aussie Bodies Trim Protein Shake, French Vanilla flavored (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, Australia)41Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50142.98International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006-2007
Formula 1 Healthy Meal Nutritional Shake Mix: Doce de leite (Herbalife International of America, Inc.)22Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsBrazil2598.44INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102020
Formula 1 Healthy Meal Nutritional Shake Mix: Caramel Apple (Herbalife International of America, Inc.)15Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA2562.53INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Formula 1 Healthy Meal Nutritional Shake Mix: Pralines & Cream (Herbalife International of America, Inc.)15Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA2562.53INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Formula 1 Healthy Meal Nutritional Shake Mix: Cookies and Cream (1 serve) + Protein Drink Mix: Vanilla (1/2 serve) + Prolessa Duo (1 serve) (Herbalife International of America, Inc.)29Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA25104.26INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Formula 1 Healthy Meal Nutritional Shake Mix: Cookies and Cream (1 serve) + Protein Drink Mix: Vanilla (1 serve) + Prolessa Duo (1 serve) (Herbalife International of America, Inc.)29Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA25133.36INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Formula 1 Healthy Meal Nutritional Shake Mix: French Vanilla (1 serve) + Protein Drink Mix: Vanilla (1/2 serve) + Prolessa Duo (1 serve) (Herbalife International of America, Inc.)32Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA25132.56INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Formula 1 Healthy Meal Nutritional Shake Mix: French Vanilla (1 serve) + Protein Drink Mix: Vanilla (1 serve) + Prolessa Duo (1 serve) (Herbalife International of America, Inc.)29Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA25139.66INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Formula 1 Nutritional Shake Mix: Berry (Herbalife Australasia Pty Ltd, Australia), prepared with water21Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia2546.74Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Formula 1 Nutritional Shake Mix: Cookies n’ Cream (Herbalife Australasia Pty Ltd, Australia), prepared with water15Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia2546.73Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Formula 1 Nutritional Shake Mix: Dutch Chocolate (Herbalife Australasia Pty Ltd, Australia), prepared with water19Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia25504Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Formula 1 Nutritional Shake Mix: French Vanilla (Herbalife Australasia Pty Ltd, Australia), prepared with water20Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia2546.74Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112014
Fruit & Vegetable cereal powder A (The Fast Diet A, Ebany Biomedical Technology, Beijing, China) 35Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsChina2545.57INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Fruit & Vegetable cereal powder B (The Fast Diet A, Ebany Biomedical Technology, Beijing, China)47Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsChina2545.59INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Herbalife24 Achieve Protein Bar: Dark Chocolate Brownie (Herbalife International of America, Inc.)49Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA25141.710INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Herbalife24 Achieve Protein Bar: Chocolate Chip Cookie Dough (Herbalife International of America, Inc.)42Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA25138.58INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Isowhey Complete Double Chocolate meal replacement beverage powder, prepared with water (FIT Bioceuticals Pty Ltd, Australia)23Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia25136.25Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102009
Isowhey Complete Strawberries & Cream meal replacement beverage powder, prepared with water (FIT Bioceuticals Pty Ltd, Australia)30Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia25101.26Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102009
Isowhey Complete French Vanilla meal replacement beverage powder, prepared with water (FIT Bioceuticals Pty Ltd, Australia)30Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia25101.26Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102009
Juice Plus+® Complete meal replacement powder, Dutch chocolate flavor35Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia2573.37Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
Juice Plus+® Complete meal replacement powder, French vanilla flavor32Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia25596Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
Meal Shake Solid Beverage, Lychee Rose (Mary Kay, China)44Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsChina2573.89China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122020
Nongfu Spring Meal Replacement, low GI (Nongfu Spring Hangzhou, China)27Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsChina25358.75China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122020
Nutrimeal™, drink powder, Dutch Chocolate (Usana, Salt Lake City, USA)26Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA25545.95Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Nutrimeal™, meal replacement drink, all flavors, prepared with 600 mL water (Usana Australia Pty Ltd, Baulkham Hills, Australia) 20Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA50126.94Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Nutrimeal™ Free Vanilla vegan meal replacement beverage powder, prepared with 434.5 mL water (Usana Australia Pty Ltd, Baulkham Hills, Australia) 49Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA2573.110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Optifast® VLCD™ Shake, Banana (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water24Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50120.25Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Optifast® VLCD™ Shake, Caramel (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water34Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50120.27Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Optifast® VLCD™ Shake, Chocolate (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water31Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50120.26Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Optifast® VLCD™ Shake, Coffee (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water31Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50120.26Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Optifast® VLCD™ Shake, Strawberry (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water27Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50120.25Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Optifast® VLCD™ Shake, Vanilla (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water27Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50120.25Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Provide™ nutritious beverage powder, prepared with water (Indevex AB, Sweden)28Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsSweden25NS6Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
SICCON D2™ nutritious beverage powder, prepared with water (Indevex AB, Sweden)28Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsSweden25NS6Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004
SlimFast® beverage, French Vanilla ready-to-drink shake (Slim Fast Foods Company, Englewood, NJ, USA)37Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUSA505007Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
SlimFast® beverage, Strawberry Supreme ready-to-drink shake (SlimFast Foods Ltd, UK)33Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsUK504457Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92003
Tony Ferguson's Meal Replacement Shake, all flavors, prepared with 356.2 mL water22Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia5092.64Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Optifast® VLCD™ Soup, Chicken (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water31Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50141.26Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92013
Optifast® VLCD™ Soup, Tomato (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water25Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia50122.95Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Optifast® VLCD™ Soup, Vegetable (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water24Meal Replacement & Weight Management ProductsAustralia501205Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
SlimFast®, Garden vegetable soup with peppers and croutons (SlimFast Foods Ltd, UK), prepared with water20Nutrition Support ProductsUK501194Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Diasip ready-to-drink (Nutricia Advanced Medical Nutrition, Zoetermeer, Netherlands)34Nutrition Support ProductsNetherlands5042710Tey, S.L., A. Van Helvoort, and C.J. Henry, Glycaemic responses to liquid food supplements among three Asian ethnic groups. European Journal of Nutrition, 2016. 55(8): p. 2493-2498.Normal2hChinese2016
Diasip, ready-to-drink (Nutricia Advanced Medical Nutrition, Zoetermeer, Netherlands)33Nutrition Support ProductsNetherlands5042710Tey, S.L., A. Van Helvoort, and C.J. Henry, Glycaemic responses to liquid food supplements among three Asian ethnic groups. European Journal of Nutrition, 2016. 55(8): p. 2493-2498.Normal2hIndian2016
Diasip, ready-to-drink (Nutricia Advanced Medical Nutrition, Zoetermeer, Netherlands)28Nutrition Support ProductsNetherlands504278Tey, S.L., A. Van Helvoort, and C.J. Henry, Glycaemic responses to liquid food supplements among three Asian ethnic groups. European Journal of Nutrition, 2016. 55(8): p. 2493-2498.Normal2hMalay2016
Ensure™, vanilla (Abbott Australasia, Kurnell, NSW, Australia)50Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia50344.815Brand-Miller, J.C., et al. The glycaemic index of further Australian foods. in Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 1998.Normal2h101998
Ensure™, vanilla (Abbott Australasia)48Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia50NS14Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Ensure™ bar, chocolate fudge brownie (Abbott Australasia)43Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5097.413Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Ensure™ Hospital, nutritional supplement powder, prepared with 304.2 mL water (Abbott Nutrition International)51Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5085.515Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92005
Ensure Plus™, vanilla (Abbott Australasia)40Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5025012Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Ensure Pudding™, old fashioned vanilla (Abbott Laboratories Inc, Ashland, USA)36Nutrition Support ProductsUSA50216.511Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
GluCare Gold beverage powder (Nutricare Nutrition, Vietnam), prepared with water48Nutrition Support ProductsVietnam5077.414Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Glucerna Chocolate Graham nutritional supplement bar (Ross Nutrition, Canada)20Nutrition Support ProductsCanada5079.46Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92002
Glucerna, diabetes-specific enteral formula (Abbott Laboratories Inc, USA)15Nutrition Support ProductsUSA50NS5Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h9
Glucerna™, vanilla flavor (Abbott Nutrition International)19Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia25319.46Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Glucerna™, vanilla flavor (Abbott Nutrition International)20Nutrition Support ProductsJapan25327.36Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Glucerna Nutritional Drink, Vanilla Flavor (Abbott Laboratories)23Nutrition Support ProductsCanada25257.67INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Glucerna™, vanilla (Abbott Laboratories Inc., USA)31Nutrition Support ProductsUSA25NS9Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Glucerna Select, enteral nutritional supplement (Abbott Nutrition International)16Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia25395.65Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92006
Glucerna SR, diabetes-specific enteral formula (Abbott Laboratories Inc., USA)23Nutrition Support ProductsUSA25502.27Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92002
High protein, high fiber nutritional supplement (flavor 1) mixed in 670 mL water (Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, India) 27Nutrition Support ProductsIndia251348Rachana, B., et al., Glycemic Index and Response of a Plant Based Nutritional Supplement and Its Subjective Satiety Following Its Use in Indian Adults. Food and Nurition Sciences, 2019. 10(8): p. 937-946.Normal2h152019
High protein, high fiber nutritional supplement (flavor 2) mixed in 765 mL water (Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, India)37Nutrition Support ProductsIndia2515311Rachana, B., et al., Glycemic Index and Response of a Plant Based Nutritional Supplement and Its Subjective Satiety Following Its Use in Indian Adults. Food and Nurition Sciences, 2019. 10(8): p. 937-946.Normal2h152019
HINEX Diabetes Care Vanilla powder (Otsuka Pharmaceutical India Pvt. Ltd.), prepared with 457.8 mL water36Nutrition Support ProductsIndia50120.511Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102020
Inslow™ (Abbott Nutrition International -Japan)25Nutrition Support ProductsJapan25246.18Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92005
Isocal, ready-to-drink (Nestlé Nutrition, Tainan, Taiwan)79Nutrition Support ProductsTaiwan5037024Tey, S.L., A. Van Helvoort, and C.J. Henry, Glycaemic responses to liquid food supplements among three Asian ethnic groups. European Journal of Nutrition, 2016. 55(8): p. 2493-2498.Normal2hChinese2016
Isocal, ready-to-drink (Nestlé Nutrition, Tainan, Taiwan)82Nutrition Support ProductsTaiwan5037025Tey, S.L., A. Van Helvoort, and C.J. Henry, Glycaemic responses to liquid food supplements among three Asian ethnic groups. European Journal of Nutrition, 2016. 55(8): p. 2493-2498.Normal2hIndian2016
Isocal, ready-to-drink (Nestlé Nutrition, Tainan, Taiwan)85Nutrition Support ProductsTaiwan5037026Tey, S.L., A. Van Helvoort, and C.J. Henry, Glycaemic responses to liquid food supplements among three Asian ethnic groups. European Journal of Nutrition, 2016. 55(8): p. 2493-2498.Normal2hMalay2016
Jevity™ (Abbott Australasia)48Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia50364.214Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Jevity™ HiCal, enteral nutritional supplement (Abbott Nutrition International)59Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia50269.418Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92005
Lactona Dia-? beverage powder, tested prepared with 269.6 mL water (PT Mirota KSM, Indonesia)27Nutrition Support ProductsIndonesia5080.98Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h112010
Nutritional beverage powder (SU YOUTH (Ningbo Yu Fang Tang Biological Science and Technology, China)52Nutrition Support ProductsChina2562.516China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122019
Peptide 1.5 Plain nutrition formula (Kate Farms, Inc.)26Nutrition Support ProductsUSA25207.48INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Promote with fiber™ nutritional supplement (Ross Nutrition, USA)49Nutrition Support ProductsUSA50389.115Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Prosure™, ready-to-drink supplement, vanilla flavor (Abbott Nutrition International)54Nutrition Support ProductsUSA50317.316Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Prosure™, ready-to-drink supplement, vanilla flavor (Abbott Nutrition International)55Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia50283.517Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92005
Resource Diabetic™, French vanilla (Novartis Nutrition Corp., Young America, USA), prepared with water34Nutrition Support ProductsUSA2529.110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Resource Diabetic™, Swiss chocolate (Novartis, Auckland, New Zealand)16Nutrition Support ProductsNew Zealand50NS5Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h112000
Resource™ fruit beverage, peach flavor (Novartis, New Zealand)40Nutrition Support ProductsNew Zealand50NS12Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h112000
Resource™ thickened orange juice, honey consistency (Novartis, New Zealand)47Nutrition Support ProductsNew Zealand50NS14Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h112000
Resource™ thickened orange juice, nectar consistency (Novartis, New Zealand)54Nutrition Support ProductsNew Zealand50NS16Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h112000
SDC (SDS (SUSTRA™ 2434 slowly digestible carbohydrate; blend of tapioca flour and corn starch) (Ingredion Incorporated, Bridgewater, NJ), prepared with water27Nutrition Support ProductsUSA50473.28Gourineni, V., et al., Glycemic Index of Slowly Digestible Carbohydrate Alone and in Powdered Drink-Mix. Nutrients, 2019. 11(6).Normal2h142019
Sport beverage based on oligosaccharides (low molecular weight carbohydrate), orange flavor (CPT, Competitor Co. Ltd., Beijing, China)118Nutrition Support ProductsChina50NS35Qin, L., et al., Effects of Three Commercially Available Sports Drinks on Substrate Metabolism and Subsequent Endurance Performance in a Postprandial State. Nutrients, 2017. 9(4).Normal2h102017
Sport beverage based on hydrolyzed starch (high molecular weight carbohydrate), orange flavor (Vitargo, Swecarb AB, Kalmar, Sweden)106Nutrition Support ProductsSweden50NS32Qin, L., et al., Effects of Three Commercially Available Sports Drinks on Substrate Metabolism and Subsequent Endurance Performance in a Postprandial State. Nutrients, 2017. 9(4).Normal2h102017
Standard 1.0 Chocolate nutrition formula (Kate Farms, Inc., USA)31Nutrition Support ProductsUSA25249.79INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Standard 1.0 Vanilla nutrition formula (Kate Farms, Inc., USA)26Nutrition Support ProductsUSA25267.18INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Standard 1.4 Plain nutrition formula (Kate Farms, Inc., USA)51Nutrition Support ProductsUSA25182.315INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Sustagen® Diabetic, Vanilla (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water34Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia50112.410Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Sustagen® Diabetic Ready To Drink, Vanilla (Nestlé Health Science, Australia)30Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia50542.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Sustagen™, Dutch Chocolate (Mead Johnson, Bristol Myers Squibb, Rydalmere, Australia)31Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia503039Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Sustagen® Hospital with extra fiber, drink made from powdered mix (Mead Johnson, Australia), prepared with water33Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5010110Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Sustagen® Hospital Formula Active, Banana (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water46Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5076.914Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Sustagen® Hospital Formula Active, Chocolate (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water49Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5076.915Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Sustagen® Hospital Formula Active, Coffee (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water48Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5076.914Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Sustagen® Hospital Formula Active, Neutral (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water46Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5076.914Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92012
Sustagen® Hospital Formula Active, Strawberry (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water37Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5076.911Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Sustagen® Hospital Formula Active, Vanilla (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water54Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5076.916Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Sustagen® Hospital Formula Active Plus Fibre, Chocolate (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water42Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5081.213Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Sustagen® Hospital Formula Active Plus Fibre, Vanilla (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water45Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5080.514Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Sustagen® Instant Pudding, vanilla, made from powdered mix (Mead Johnson, Australia), prepared with water27Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5084.78Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Sustagen® Optimum, Vanilla (Nestlé Health Science, Australia), prepared with water45Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia509414Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Sustagen® Ready to Drink, Vanilla (Nestlé Health Science, Australia)39Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia5033012Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Tapion™ nutritional supplement (Abbott Nutrition International - Japan)27Nutrition Support ProductsJapan25240.98Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92005
TwoCal HN™, high nitrogen nutritional supplement, vanilla flavor (Abbott Nutrition International)55Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia50246.717Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
ViPlus Diabetic Formula, Vanilla flavor, prepared with water (Viplus Dairy Pty Ltd, Australia)42Nutrition Support ProductsAustralia50102.513Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Cashew nuts, salted (Coles Supermarkets, Australia)22NutsAustralia25981Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Mixed nuts and raisins21NutsUK50161.31Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Mixed nuts, roasted and salted24NutsUK25128.21Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Barley pasta (celebrity, whole grain fraction), cooked 5 min71Pasta and NoodlesCanada50NS28Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley pasta (celebrity white pearled fraction), cooked 5 min58Pasta and NoodlesCanada50NS23Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley pasta (AC Parkhill, whole grain fraction), cooked 5 min73Pasta and NoodlesCanada50NS29Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
Barley pasta (AC Parkhill, white pearled fraction), cooked 5 min64Pasta and NoodlesCanada50NS26Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h102012
70%+ Black Highland Barley Noodles (COFCO Flour Industry, Puyang, China)46Pasta and NoodlesChina5067.318China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122020
Fusilli pasta twists (Tesco Stores Ltd, UK), boiled 10 min in salted water61Pasta and NoodlesUK5068.924Henry, C.J.K., et al., The impact of the addition of toppings/fillings on the glycaemic response to commonly consumed carbohydrate foods. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2006. 60(6): p. 763-769.Normal2h102005
Fusilli pasta twists, wholewheat, dry pasta, boiled 10 min in unsalted water55Pasta and NoodlesUK508022Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Corn pasta, gluten-free (Orgran Natural Foods, Carrum Downs, VIC, Australia)68Pasta and NoodlesAustralia5067.927Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
Corn pasta, gluten-free (Orgran Natural Foods, Australia)78Pasta and NoodlesAustralia5063.831Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Pasta, Penne, gluten free (Dr Schär AG/SPA, Italy)848Pasta and NoodlesItaly506419Scazzina, F., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercial gluten-free foods. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(6): p. 1021-6.Normal2h102015
Rice and Hi-Maize (high-amylose) flour spaghetti, gluten-free (Freedom Foods, Australia)51Pasta and NoodlesAustralia5064.120International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006
Rice and maize pasta, gluten-free, Ris'O'Mais (Orgran Foods, Australia)76Pasta and NoodlesAustralia5066.530Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92000
Rice pasta, gluten-free (Freedom Foods, Australia)51Pasta and NoodlesAustralia50NS20International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006
Split pea and soya pasta shells, gluten-free (Orgran Foods, Australia)29Pasta and NoodlesAustralia50131.612Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92000
Tagliatelle pasta, fresh, gluten free (Sine srl, Italy)861Pasta and NoodlesItaly5010624Scazzina, F., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercial gluten-free foods. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(6): p. 1021-6.Normal2h102015
Tortellini pasta, fresh, gluten free (Sine srl, Italy)860Pasta and NoodlesItaly5014524Scazzina, F., et al., Glycaemic index of some commercial gluten-free foods. European Journal of Nutrition, 2015. 54(6): p. 1021-6.Normal2h102015
Spaghetti, gluten-free, rice and split pea, canned in tomato sauce68Pasta and NoodlesAustralia50NS27Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Instant 'two-minute' noodles, Maggi® (Nestlé, Auckland, New Zealand)48Pasta and NoodlesNew Zealand50NS19Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h152000
Instant 'two-minute' noodles, Maggi®, all flavors (Nestlé Australia), including noodle broth52Pasta and NoodlesAustralia50357.121Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92005
Instant noodles, all flavors (Woolworths Select, Australia), including noodle broth52Pasta and NoodlesAustralia50416.721Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102008
Penne, durum wheat flour (Barilla, Italy)50Pasta and NoodlesItaly507120Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102006
Penne mezzane, durum wheat flour (De Cecco, Italy)47Pasta and NoodlesItaly506819Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92008
Penne pasta, white (SanRemo Penne, San Remo Macaroni Co. Pty Ltd, SA), tested by subjects with a low AMY1 copy number 44Pasta and NoodlesAustralia5069.418Atkinson, F.S., et al., The physiologic and phenotypic significance of variation in human amylase gene copy number. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2018. 108(4): p. 737-748.Normal2h192014
Penne pasta, white (SanRemo Penne, San Remo Macaroni Co. Pty Ltd, SA), tested by subjects with a high AMY1 copy number 50Pasta and NoodlesAustralia5069.420Atkinson, F.S., et al., The physiologic and phenotypic significance of variation in human amylase gene copy number. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2018. 108(4): p. 737-748.Normal2h192014
Pennette integrali, durum wheat wholemeal (Coop, Italy)48Pasta and NoodlesItaly507419Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102008
Pennette rigate, durum wheat flour (Barilla, Italy)53Pasta and NoodlesItaly506921Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102008
Pennette rigate integrali, durum wheat wholemeal (Barilla, Italy)73Pasta and NoodlesItaly507429F Brighenti, unpublished observations.Normal2h?92008
Penne rigate, mini (Piccolini, Barilla, Italy)59Pasta and NoodlesItaly506624Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Penne rigate, mini, durum wheat flour, zucchini and spinach pulps (penne rigate con zucchine e spinaci, Piccolini, Barilla, Italy)48Pasta and NoodlesItaly507219Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102011
Rice noodles, dried, boiled (Thai World, Bangkok, Thailand)61Pasta and NoodlesThailand5061.324Chan, H.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2001. 55(12): p. 1076-1083.Normal2h122000
Rice noodles, freshly made, boiled (Sydney, NSW, Australia)40Pasta and NoodlesAustralia5011016Chan, H.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2001. 55(12): p. 1076-1083.Normal2h122000
Spaghetti n°5 (Barilla, Italy)33Pasta and NoodlesItaly506913Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92005
Spaghetti, white, boiled 15 min in salted water (Unico, Concord, ON, Canada)44Pasta and NoodlesCanada5072.218Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Spaghetti, white (Unico, Canada)45Pasta and NoodlesCanada50NS18Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Determination of the glycaemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(3): p. 475-82.Normal2h212001
Spaghetti, white (Nishin Shokuhin, Japan)46Pasta and NoodlesJapan5012118Sugiyama, M., et al., Glycemic index of single and mixed meal foods among common Japanese foods with white rice as a reference food. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(6): p. 743-752.Normal2h102003
Spaghetti, white (Unico, Canada)48Pasta and NoodlesCanada50NS19Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Determination of the glycaemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003. 57(3): p. 475-82.Normal2h472001
Spaghetti, Svevo 2017 durum wheat line48Pasta and NoodlesItaly5067.519Sissons, M., et al., Can Manipulation of Durum Wheat Amylose Content Reduce the Glycaemic Index of Spaghetti? Foods, 2020. 9(6).Normal2h102019
Spaghetti, white (Vetta, Greens Foods, Glendenning, Australia), boiled for 12 min49Pasta and NoodlesAustralia506720Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h121996
Spaghetti n°12 (De Cecco, Italy)50Pasta and NoodlesItaly508820Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102005
Spaghetti classici (Voiello, Italy)51Pasta and NoodlesItaly507120Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92010
Spaghetti, Svevo 2016 durum wheat line52Pasta and NoodlesItaly5077.921Sissons, M., et al., Can Manipulation of Durum Wheat Amylose Content Reduce the Glycaemic Index of Spaghetti? Foods, 2020. 9(6).Normal2h102017
Spaghetti pasta, dried (Budget, Safeway Traders Ltd, New Zealand) 1356Pasta and NoodlesNew Zealand50NS22Dodd, H., et al., Calculating meal glycemic index by using measured and published food values compared with directly measured meal glycemic index. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2011. 94(4): p. 992-6.Normal2h302011
Spaghetti, Svevo durum wheat line SSIIa (silencing of starch synthases enzymes leading to an 28% increase in amylose and 2.8-fold increase in resistant starch)49Pasta and NoodlesItaly5087.720Sissons, M., et al., Can Manipulation of Durum Wheat Amylose Content Reduce the Glycaemic Index of Spaghetti? Foods, 2020. 9(6).Normal2h102017
Spaghetti, Svevo durum wheat line SBEIIa (silencing of starch branching enzymes leading to an 74% increase in amylose and 3.5-fold increase in resistant starch)38Pasta and NoodlesItaly5076.615Sissons, M., et al., Can Manipulation of Durum Wheat Amylose Content Reduce the Glycaemic Index of Spaghetti? Foods, 2020. 9(6).Normal2h102019
President's Choice® Blue Menu™ Whole Wheat spaghetti (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)45Pasta and NoodlesCanada50NS18INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Spaghetti integrali (wholemeal durum wheat flour) (Barilla, Italy)35Pasta and NoodlesItaly507314Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92006
Spaghetti integrali (wholemeal durum wheat flour) (De Cecco, Italy)55Pasta and NoodlesItaly509322Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102005
Spaghetti Integrali (wholemeal durum wheat flour) (Misura, Italy)53Pasta and NoodlesItaly508321Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102005
Wholemeal spaghetti, boiled for 8 min62Pasta and NoodlesAustralia508025Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92012
Buckwheat noodles59Pasta and NoodlesChina50NS24Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Farfalle, mini, durum wheat flour, carrot and pumpkin pulps (Farfalle con carote e zucca, Piccolini, Barilla, Italy)44Pasta and NoodlesItaly507118Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92011
Fettuccine, egg (Mother Earth Fine Foods, Rowville, Australia)47Pasta and NoodlesAustralia50NS19Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h142000
Lower Carb Pasta (Herman Brot Pty Ltd, Australia), boiled in water for 7 min22Pasta and NoodlesAustralia25160.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Hokkien noodles (Fantastic Fresh, Australia)58Pasta and NoodlesAustralia50135.823Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102015
Lasagne, egg, dry pasta, boiled in unsalted water for 10 min53Pasta and NoodlesUK5075.521Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
LGI & HDF Noodles, low GI and high fiber (SCIQ Biotech Pty Ltd, Australia)39Pasta and NoodlesAustralia50109.616Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102020
Linguine, fresh (Hollywood Foods More than Pasta, Canada)31Pasta and NoodlesCanada50NS12Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102011
Low GI Noodles (Holista Biotech Corp., USA)38Pasta and NoodlesUSA2537.315INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Macaroni short pasta (ANCO professional, Soubry N.V., Roeselare, Belgium)1163Pasta and NoodlesBelgium50176.425Ballance, S., et al., Predicting mixed-meal measured glycaemic index in healthy subjects. European Journal of Nutrition, 2019. 58(7): p. 2657-2667.Normal2h132019
Mung bean noodles (Longkou beanthread), dried, boiled (Yantai cereals, China)39Pasta and NoodlesChina5060.416Chan, H.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2001. 55(12): p. 1076-1083.Normal2h112000
Noodles, Jianxi rice vermicelli, boiled 8 min56Pasta and NoodlesChina5063.322Lok, K.Y., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of a selection of popular foods consumed in Hong Kong. British Journal of Nutrition, 2010. 103(4): p. 556-60.Normal2h102010
Noodles, potato14Pasta and NoodlesChina50NS6Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h92005
Noodles, Sau tao Beijing noodles, wheat flour and tapioca starch, boiled 3 min61Pasta and NoodlesChina5069.224Lok, K.Y., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of a selection of popular foods consumed in Hong Kong. British Journal of Nutrition, 2010. 103(4): p. 556-60.Normal2h102010
Noodles, Taiwan vermicelli, rice and maize starch, boiled 2 min68Pasta and NoodlesChina5054.427Lok, K.Y., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of a selection of popular foods consumed in Hong Kong. British Journal of Nutrition, 2010. 103(4): p. 556-60.Normal2h102010
Pasta, NS67Pasta and NoodlesCanada507327Kendall, C.W.C., et al., The impact of pistachio intake alone or in combination with high-carbohydrate foods on post-prandial glycemia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2011. 65(6): p. 696-702.Normal2h102010
Pipe rigate, mini, durum wheat flour, tomato and carrot pulps (Pipe rigate con pomodori e carote, Piccolini, Barilla, Italy)47Pasta and NoodlesItaly507319Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102011
Proti pasta, protein-enriched, boiled in water Vital Nature Inc, San Antonio, TX, USA)28Pasta and NoodlesUSA50144.911Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Ravioli, durum wheat flour, stuffed with calf meat, fresh (Raviolini con Carne di Vitello, Pastificio Rana SpA, Italy)58Pasta and NoodlesItaly5012323Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102011
Rotini (Banza, LLC, USA)44Pasta and NoodlesUSA2547.618INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Semolina pasta78Pasta and NoodlesCanada50NS31Aldughpassi, A., E.-S.M. Abdel-Aal, and T.M.S. Wolever, Barley cultivar, kernel composition, and processing affect the glycemic index. The Journal of Nutrition, 2012. 142(9): p. 1666-71.Normal2h10
Spaghetti, soy, boiled 4 min (Revival Soy®, Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc, USA)47Pasta and NoodlesUSA2542.419Blair, R.M., E.C. Henley, and A. Tabor, Soy foods have low glycemic and insulin response indices in normal weight subjects. Nutrition Journal, 2006. 5: p. 35.Normal2h102004
Tagliatelle all'uovo (durum wheat flour, eggs, dry) (Barilla, Italy)55Pasta and NoodlesItaly507622Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92005
Tagliatelle all'uovo (durum wheat flour, eggs) (fresh pasta) (Pastificio Lo Scoiattolo, Italy)51Pasta and NoodlesItaly507020Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102011
Udon noodles, plain, reheated 5 min (Fantastic, Windsor Gardens, SA, Australia)62Pasta and NoodlesAustralia25185.925Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Vegie Pumpkin & Spinach Linguine, Latina™ Fresh, made from durum semolina, 25% pumpkin puree and 5% spinach puree, boiled in water for 2 min67Pasta and NoodlesAustralia50172.427Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Wheat noodle, dried46Pasta and NoodlesChina50NS18Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Wheat noodle, dried, boiled for 5 min, drained (Sanlian Food, Shandong, China)62Pasta and NoodlesChina2532.925China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Apple Fruit Bar, fat-free, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)90Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada5066.723INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Apple Cinnamon bar, Fruit & Yogurt Apple Cinnamon Chewy Bars (Soy), President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)34Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada5095.29INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Apricot and Almond bar34Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUK5097.39Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of cereal products and weight-management meals available in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007. 98(1): p. 147-153.Normal2h102006
Apricot dried fruit snack42Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5059.111Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Apricot & apple fruit strips, gluten-free (Freedom Foods, Australia)29Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5062.97International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006
Apricot filled fruit bar, pureed dried apricot filling in wholemeal pastry (Mother Earth, New Zealand)50Snack Foods and ConfectioneryNew Zealand50NS13Perry, T., et al., Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods. New Zealand Medical Journal, 2000. 113(1108): p. 140-2.Normal2h152000
Apricot & Yoghurt Healtheries Simple Bar, wheat and gluten-free (Aussie Bodies Pty. Ltd., Australia)40Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50101.810International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h162007
Banana chips, dried banana pieces44Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5075.811Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102009
Banana Fruit Fingers, Heinz Kidz™ (HJ Heinz, Australia)61Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5076.915Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Banana, processed fruit fingers, Heinz Kidz™ (H J Heinz, Malvern, Australia)61Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5076.915Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Berry & Yoghurt Healtheries Simple Bar, wheat and gluten free (Aussie Bodies Pty. Ltd., Australia)51Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5095.813International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h152007
Berry bar, Berrylicious Trim Bar (Aussie Bodies Pty. Ltd., Australia)46Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50146.212International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102007
Blackberry Sour Buzz dried fruit leather, Sunripe School Straps (Windsor Farm Foods, Australia)35Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50679Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Citrus Lemon Protein Bar (Herbalife of Japan K.K.)31Snack Foods and ConfectioneryJapan50109.48Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Cranberry, Blueberry bar, Fruit & Yogurt Cranberry Blueberry Bars (Soy), President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)33Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada5095.28INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Fig Fruit bar, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)70Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada5066.718INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Fruit and nut mix (Finest, UK)15Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUK50106.24Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h102005
Fruit snack processed, Roll-Ups® (Uncle Toby's, Australia)99Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5060.825Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
Ginger, candied, sucrose-free (Buderim Ginger, Australia)10Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5064.93Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102006
Peach & pear fruit strips, gluten-free (Freedom Foods, Australia)29Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5062.97International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h102006
Raspberry Fruit bar, fat-free, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)74Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada5064.519INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Strawberry processed fruit bar, Real Fruit (Uncle Toby's, Australia)90Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5060.523Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
Strawberry Fruit Bar, Kettle Valley (SunOpta, Inc., Brampton, ON, Canada)32Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50698Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2h402009
Strawberry Fruit Bar, Kettle Valley (SunOpta, Inc., Brampton, ON, Canada)34Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50699Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2h372009
Strawberry Fruit Bar, Kettle Valley (SunOpta, Inc., Brampton, ON, Canada)35Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50699Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hCaucasian2009
Strawberry Fruit Bar, Kettle Valley (SunOpta, Inc., Brampton, ON, Canada)31Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50698Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hNon-Caucasian2009
Strawberry Fruit Bar, Kettle Valley (SunOpta, Inc., Brampton, ON, Canada)35Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50699Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2h?40 y2009
Strawberry Fruit Bar, Kettle Valley (SunOpta, Inc., Brampton, ON, Canada)31Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50698Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2h>40 y2009
Strawberry Fruit Bar, Kettle Valley (SunOpta, Inc., Brampton, ON, Canada)36Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50699Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hlean2009
Strawberry Fruit Bar, Kettle Valley (SunOpta, Inc., Brampton, ON, Canada)30Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50698Wolever, T.M.S., et al., The glycaemic index values of foods containing fructose are affected by metabolic differences between subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2009. 63(9): p. 1106-14.Normal2hoverweight2009
Strawberry fruit leather (Stretch Island Fruit Company™, WA, USA)29Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA5063.67Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122006
Sweet strawberry fruit leather (Stretch Island Fruit Company™, WA, USA), tested with water25Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA50646Aldughpassi, A. and T.M.S. Wolever, Effect of coffee and tea on the glycaemic index of foods: no effect on mean but reduced variability. British Journal of Nutrition, 2009. 101(9): p. 1282-5.Normal2h102009
Sweet strawberry fruit leather (Stretch Island Fruit Company™, WA, USA), tested with coffee or tea22Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA50646Aldughpassi, A. and T.M.S. Wolever, Effect of coffee and tea on the glycaemic index of foods: no effect on mean but reduced variability. British Journal of Nutrition, 2009. 101(9): p. 1282-5.Normal2h102009
Sweet strawberry fruit leather (Stretch Island Fruit Co, Allyn, WA, USA)33Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA5063.68Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Measuring the glycemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2008. 87(1): p. 247S-257S.Normal2h2902008
Strawberry & wildberry dried fruit leather, Sunripe School Straps (Windsor Farm Foods, Australia)40Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia506710Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102002
Tropical dried fruit snack41Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia505910Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Tropical fruit and nut mix (Finest, UK)49Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUK5089.812Henry, C.J.K., et al., Glycaemic index and glycaemic load values of commercially available products in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition, 2005. 94(6): p. 922-930.Normal2h92005
Wild berry dried fruit snack35Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5058.39Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102001
Chick Pea chips (Freedom Foods, Australia)44Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50135.511International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h92006
Combos Snacks Cheddar Cheese Crackers (M&M/Mars, USA)54Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA507914Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Combos Snacks Cheddar Cheese Pretzels (M&M/Mars, USA)52Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA5070.513Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Cheese Puffs, made from rice and corn puffs, aged white cheddar extruded snack, Pirate's Booty brand (Robert's American Gourmet, Sea Cliff, NY, USA)70Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA5082.418Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h122006
Cheese Puffs, Pirates Booty brand (Robert’s American Gourmet, Sea Cliff, NY, USA)74Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA5082.419Wolever, T.M.S., et al., Measuring the glycemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2008. 87(1): p. 247S-257S.Normal2h2902008
Cheese Puffs, Pirates Booty brand (Robert’s American Gourmet, Sea Cliff, NY, USA), tested with water53Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA508413Aldughpassi, A. and T.M.S. Wolever, Effect of coffee and tea on the glycaemic index of foods: no effect on mean but reduced variability. British Journal of Nutrition, 2009. 101(9): p. 1282-5.Normal2h102009
Cheese Puffs, Pirates Booty brand (Robert’s American Gourmet, Sea Cliff, NY, USA), tested with coffee or tea53Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA508413Aldughpassi, A. and T.M.S. Wolever, Effect of coffee and tea on the glycaemic index of foods: no effect on mean but reduced variability. British Journal of Nutrition, 2009. 101(9): p. 1282-5.Normal2h102009
Rice and corn cheese flavored extruded snack, Twisties™ (Smith's Snackfood Co., Australia)74Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5087.619Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101999
Brown rice chips with wild rice, gluten-free, SunRice™70Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5075.918Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Corn chips, plain, salted (Doritos™ original, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia)42Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50NS11Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h101998
Grain Waves Original flavored wholegrain chips, Smith’s™ 51Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia507913Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102010
Finger millet extruded snack65Snack Foods and ConfectioneryIndia2539.616Shobana, S., et al., Development and evaluation of nutritional, sensory and glycemic properties of finger millet (Eleusine coracana L.) based food products. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2018. 27(1): p. 84-91.Normal2h122018
Flaxseed Tortilla chips, Sea Salt, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)45Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada5012511INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Flaxseed Tortilla chips, Spicy, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)34Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada501259INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Japanese Tamari Rice & Corn Crisps, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)91Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50NS23INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Japanese Wasabi & Honey Rice & Corn Crisps, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)82Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50NS21INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Prawn crackers, BBQ Rib flavor, Infuzions™, made from tapioca and wheat (Majans Pty Ltd, QLD, Australia)74Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia2536.419Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Pretzels, oven-baked, traditional wheat flavor, 97% fat free (Parker's, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia)84Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5062.521Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Thai Curry Rice & Corn Crisps, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)84Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50NS21INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Poppin Microwave Popcorn, butter flavor Green's Foods, Australia)51Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia2546.513Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102013
Microwave Popping Corn, natural flavor, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)58Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50NS15INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Poppin Microwave Popcorn, butter flavor Green's Foods, Australia)62Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia2549.616Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
Poppin Lite Microwave Popcorn, butter flavor, 50% reduced fat (Green's Foods, Australia)67Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia2544.717Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h92007
Microwave Popping Corn, butter flavor, President's Choice® Blue Menu™ (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)72Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada50NS18INQUIS Clinical Research (formerly GI Labs Ltd.) (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations.Normal2h102004-2007
Potato chips, crinkle cut, Smith’s™ Original48Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50113.412Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Potato chips, Pringles™ Original57Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5096.214Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Potato crisps60Snack Foods and ConfectioneryChina50NS15Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Baked potato chips (Baked Lays, Original Potato Crisps)72Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada506618Kinnear, T., et al., Effect of preparation method on the glycaemic index of novel potato clones. Food & Function, 2011. 2(8): p. 438-44.Normal2h102009
Baked potato chips (Baked Lays, Original Potato Crisps)71Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCanada506618Kinnear, T., et al., Effect of preparation method on the glycaemic index of novel potato clones. Food & Function, 2011. 2(8): p. 438-44.Normal2h102009
Sweet potato crisps, Red Rock Deli™ (The Red Rock Deli Chip Company, VIC, Australia)41Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia2560.710Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102016
Soy based snack product, SoyCarat Cheese flavor (Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, Japan)44Snack Foods and ConfectioneryJapan50125.511Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Soy based snack product, SoyCarat Olive Oil & Garlic flavor (Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, Japan)41Snack Foods and ConfectioneryJapan50109.410Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Soy based snack product, SoyCarat Nori & Natto flavor (Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, Japan)37Snack Foods and ConfectioneryJapan50107.69Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102014
Sunshine™ soy protein chips, lightly salted (Revival Soy®, Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc., USA)87Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA2548.122Blair, R.M., E.C. Henley, and A. Tabor, Soy foods have low glycemic and insulin response indices in normal weight subjects. Nutrition Journal, 2006. 5: p. 35.Normal2h102004
Puffed rice squares77Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCzech Republic5060.319Chlup, R., et al., Continuous glucose monitoring -- a novel approach to the determination of the glycaemic index of foods (DEGIF 1) -- determination of the glycaemic index of foods by means of the CGMS. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes, 2006. 114(2): p. 68-74.Normal2h202005
Wasabi peas41Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia254410Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Almond Chocolate (Meiji Co. Ltd, Japan)24Snack Foods and ConfectioneryJapan50115.76Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Chocolate crinkles, containing wheat flour and coconut flour 44Snack Foods and ConfectioneryPhilippines50NS11Trinidad, T.P., et al., Glycaemic index of different coconut (Cocos nucifera)-flour products in normal and diabetic subjects. British Journal of Nutrition, 2003. 90(3): p. 551-556.Normal2h102002
Chocolate, dark, Dove® (M&M/Mars, USA)23Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA50956Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Chocolate, dark, 74% Cocoa (Alpes d'Or, Hangzhou Qiaokemei, China)44Snack Foods and ConfectioneryChina2583.311China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries GI Lab (Beijing, China), unpublished observations.Normal2h122019
Chocolate Kouka Cacao 86% (Meiji Co. Ltd, Japan)18Snack Foods and ConfectioneryJapan50103.35Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Chocolate Kouka Cacao 72% (Meiji Co. Ltd, Japan)29Snack Foods and ConfectioneryJapan5071.47Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Chocolate, dark with raisins, peanuts and jam44Snack Foods and ConfectioneryCzech Republic5091.911Chlup, R., et al., Continuous glucose monitoring -- a novel approach to the determination of the glycaemic index of foods (DEGIF 1) -- determination of the glycaemic index of foods by means of the CGMS. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes, 2006. 114(2): p. 68-74.Normal2h202005
Chocolate, milk, Meiji brand (Meiji Co. Ltd, Japan)39Snack Foods and ConfectioneryJapan5047.910Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102018
Chocolate, milk, Dove® (Mars Confectionery, Ballarat, Australia)45Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50NS11Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10-121997
Chocolate, milk (Milka, Mondelez, Italy)54Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly254314Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Chocolate, milk (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 42Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50NS11Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Milk chocolate egg (Ovetto cioccolato, Dolci Preziosi, Italy)48Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly254312Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Chocolate, NS49Snack Foods and ConfectioneryChina50NS12Yang, Y.X., et al., Glycemic index of cereals and tubers produced in China. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006. 12(21): p. 3430-3.Normal2h102005
Chocolate, white, Lindt™ Lindor34Snack Foods and ConfectionerySwitzerland25589Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Chocolate, white, Milky Bar® (Nestlé, Australia)41Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5090.610Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Chocolate, white, Milky Bar® (Nestlé, Australia)44Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5085.911Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
White chocolate bar (Galak, Nestlè, Italy)44Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly254111Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Chocolate candy, sugar free, Dove® (M&M/Mars, USA)23Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA2583.36Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Cocoavia™ high flavanol chocolate covered almonds (M&M/Mars, USA)21Snack Foods and ConfectioneryUSA25144.45Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Chocolate coated wafer, with whole hazelnut and chocolate cream filling, Duplo nocciolato (Ferrero, Italy)59Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly255415Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Chocolate coated chocolate soaked cookie, Galbo Chocolate (Meiji Co. Ltd, Japan)37Snack Foods and ConfectioneryJapan5097.79Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102019
Jelly, made from commercial jelly crystals, Raspberry Razzle flavor (Aeroplane Jelly Company, West Ryde, Australia), prepared with water53Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50342.513Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102005
Jelly beans, assorted colors (Savings, Grocery Holdings, Tooronga, Australia)76Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50NS19Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h121998
Kinder Joy/ Merendero (Hazelnut and vanilla cream, with wafer balls coated with chocolate and hazelnut crumbs) (Kinder, Ferrero, Italy)42Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly254311Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Kinder Softy nocciola (Praline with hazelnut cream) (Kinder, Ferrero, Italy)43Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly255111Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Licorice pieces69Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia506817Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Licorice, soft (Coles Supermarkets, Australia)78Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5070.920Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Macadamia Chocolate (Meiji Co. Ltd, Japan)24Snack Foods and ConfectioneryJapan50113.66Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h1030
M&M's®, peanut (Mars Confectionery, Australia)33Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50NS8Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10-121997
Mars Bar® (Mars Confectionery, Australia) 62Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50NS16Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10-121997
Marshmallows (Candy Lane, Australia)62Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5062.316Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Marshmallows (Woolworths Homebrand, Australia)67Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5059.117Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102012
Nutella®, chocolate hazelnut spread (Ferrero Australia, Milson's Point, NSW, Australia)33Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50NS8Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10-121997
Nutella®, chocolate hazelnut spread (Ferrero Australia, Australia)30Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50NS8Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102003
Nutella®, chocolate hazelnut spread (Ferrero Australia, Australia)25Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5091.46Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102007
Nutella® (Ferrero, Italy)45Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly254411Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Nutella & Go (Hazelnut chocolate spread with breadsticks) (Ferrero, Italy)57Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly254114Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Nutella B-ready (Wafer bar, hazelnut cream-filled) (Ferrero, Italy)55Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly254314Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102012
Pocket Coffee (Praline, with coffee cream) (Ferrero, Italy)58Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly254315Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102014
Pop Tarts™, double choc (Kellogg's, Australia)70Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5074.418Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102000
Raffaello (Ferrero, Italy)52Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly256613Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102014
Rocher (Ferrero, Italy)53Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly255613Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102014
Rondnoir (Ferrero, Italy)53Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly254813Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102014
Rum balls, containing dark chocolate and coconut50Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5089.313Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102009
Skittles® (Mars Confectionery, Australia)70Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia50NS18Brand-Miller, J.C., et al., The glycaemic index of more breads, breakfast cereals and snack products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1997. 21: p. 144.Normal2h10-121997
Slush, lemon (Granigel la granita classica siciliana, Dolfin, Italy)66Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly2514917Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h102009
Sorbet, caffè/cappuccino (GranSoleil Gran dessert Caffè/Cappuccino, Ferrero, Italy)62Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly259116Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92009
Sorbet, lemon (GranSoleil Gran dessert Limone, Ferrero, Italy)58Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly258615Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92009
Sorbet, lemon (Sorbetto al limone, Carte d’or, Algida, Italy)72Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly259618Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92009
Sorbet, vanilla (GranSoleil Gran dessert Vaniglia, Ferrero, Italy)57Snack Foods and ConfectioneryItaly2510714Scazzina, F., et al., Glycemic index and glycemic load of commercial Italian foods. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 2016. 26(5): p. 419-29.Normal2h92009
Sour Straws, strawberry flavor, gummy/chewy confectionery76Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia2531.319Sydney University‘s Glycemic Index Research Service (Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations.Normal2h102017
Yummiees lollies (Allseps Pty. Ltd., Australia)43Snack Foods and ConfectioneryAustralia5071.111International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006-2007.Normal2h142006
Cold-pressed bar, made with 22.1 g maltodextrin (Globe Plus 10 DE maltodextrin) and 21.8 g corn syrup (Globe Plus 63 DE Maltodextrin)93Snack Foods and