DO FERMENTED FOODS ASSIST IN THE PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF DIABETES?

Source Humans have been fermenting a wide variety of foods and beverages for around 10,000 years, as a way of prolonging their nutritional value and the enjoyment of a bountiful seasonal harvest, amongst other things. Even today, with our modern food preservation techniques, fermented vegetables, fruits, grains, meat, fish, eggs and dairy are still commonly …

IMPAIRED GLUCOSE METABOLISM AND RISK OF COLORECTAL CANCER

Colorectal cancer shares a number of common risks factors with type 2 diabetes (not type 1 nor gestation diabetes) including high blood insulin (hyperinsulinemia) and blood glucose (hyperglycaemia) levels, abdominal obesity, and chronic inflammation. It is therefore not difficult to understand that people with raised blood glucose levels (i.e., prediabetes) or type 2 diabetes are …

LEGUMES MAY HELP WITH BLOOD GLUCOSE MANAGEMENT IN PEOPLE WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES

A review of the research looking at legume consumption and blood glucose management in people with and without diabetes has found that eating legumes regularly may have a beneficial effect on markers of blood glucose management in people with type 2 diabetes. Legumes are a good source of dietary fibre, plant protein and low GI …

COFFEE, TEA AND BLOOD GLUCOSE METABOLISM

Observational studies suggest that regular consumption of coffee or tea may decrease the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. But what effect does coffee or tea have on blood glucose levels, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and insulin? Kondo and colleagues recently conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials, specifically looking at the effect …

REMISSION OF TYPE 2 DIABETES REQUIRES DECREASE IN LIVER FAT

As regular readers of GI News will be aware, many people with type 2 diabetes are able to put the condition in to remission if they lose at least 10% of their initial body weight within 6 years of diagnosis of the condition. However, where the weight loss comes from is vitally important – people …

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RISK MANAGEMENT IN PEOPLE WITH DIABETES

Source: Diabetes Care, 2023 Coronary heart disease (e.g., heart attack), cerebrovascular disease (e.g., stroke), or peripheral arterial disease are the leading cause of disability and death for people living with diabetes in most parts of the world, today. The good news is that aggressively managing the common risk factors for these cardiovascular diseases (CVD) can …

TELOMERES, AGEING AND TYPE 2 DIABETES

The likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes increases as people get older, with common evidence-based screening tools indicating that people over the age of 35 years are at increased risk. There are many potential reasons for this that most people are familiar with, like the gradual weight gain that affects many of us once we …

INSULIN DOSING FOR TYPE 1 DIABETES – MORE THAN JUST CARBS

People with type 1 diabetes essentially don’t produce any insulin of their own, so need to replace the insulin their body isn’t making, by injection or using an insulin pump. They then need to balance the amount of insulin they take with food and beverage intake, physical activity levels and other factors, with the aim …

HOW TO PUT TYPE 2 DIABETES INTO REMISSION

Evidence accumulated over the past few decades indicates that significant weight loss is the key underlying mechanism behind diabetes remission. Indeed, randomised controlled trials indicate that weight loss of 10–15% (8-12 kg (18 – 26 Pounds) for an average adult) may lead to normalisation of pancreatic function and remission of type 2 diabetes (1, 2). …

‘ULTRA-PROCESSED FOODS’ AND RISK OF TYPE 2 DIABETES

According to the NOVA classification system, the phrase ‘ultra-processed foods’ encompasses a wide range of foods and beverages, including (but not limited to): carbonated soft drinks; sweet or savoury packaged snacks (e.g., corn chips, potato crisps, etc…); ice cream, chocolate, candies (confectionery); mass-produced packaged breads, buns, cookies (biscuits), pastries, cakes and cake mixes; breakfast ‘cereals’, …